PIER
 
Progress In Electromagnetics Research
ISSN: 1070-4698, E-ISSN: 1559-8985
Home | Search | Notification | Authors | Submission | PIERS Home | EM Academy
Home > Vol. 58 > pp. 199-222

ABOUT THE INTERFERENCE INDUCED BY ELECTRONS WHY DOES THE ELECTRON BEHAVE LIKE A WAVE

By A. Puccini

Full Article PDF (266 KB)

Abstract:
One of the most interesting and peculiar phenomena of Quantum Mechanics is the interference (I ) induced by the electrons. Strangely enough, though the electrons are real particles, they often behave just like waves. From the point of view of the classical mechanics the I induced by the electrons is unexplainable, however it is solved mathematically using the formalism of quantum mechanics and applying Schrödinger's equation. The quantum solution of the problem is clear and elegant, especially from a mathematical point of view, however it still leaves some perplexities as to understand how exactly the phenomenon happens. We will make a hypothesis trying to understand the undulation phenomenon of the electron: it is really a strange and mysterious phenomenon. Maybe if we consider that the electron, just as the baryons and the mesons, might be made of smaller particles (saving the integrity of the unity of the negative electrical charge and the other Laws of Conservation), we could understand more easily how a single electron can go through two close holes at the same time. Analogously we could better understand another very particular quantum phenomenon carried out mainly by electrons, that is the tunnel effect. In this case, though the particle does not have enough energy to go through the potential barrier, though it does not have any material possibility to pass through a layer which does not have any hole, after several "attempts" the particle will manage to pass through the barrier anyway, as it had dug a tunnel, or as it had managed to find a "breach" in the wall. In this phenomenon too, though we can explain it from a mathematical point of view, using the equations of the quantum mechanics, it is still not clear how actually the electron manages to have an undulation behaviour.

Citation: (See works that cites this article)
A. Puccini, "About the interference induced by electrons why does the electron behave like a wave," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 58, 199-222, 2006.
doi:10.2528/PIER05050903
http://www.jpier.org/pier/pier.php?paper=0505093

References:
1. Feynman, R. P., The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol. III, 1-14, Vol. 3, 1965, 1989 California Institute of Technology, Zanichelli (ed.), Vol. III, 1-14, Bologna, 2001.

2. Greene, B., The Fabric of the Cosmos: space, time and the texture of reality, B. R. Greene and G. Einaudi (eds.), 104, Torino, 2004.

3. Gilmore, R. A., Quantumland, R. Cortina (ed.), 59, 1995 Springer Verlag, New York, Inc., Milano, 1996.

4. Quigg, C., Le Scienze, 202, 23, Milano, Ed. Ital. of Scientific American Inc., New York, 1985.

5. Kane, G., The Particle Garden, 1995 by Gordon Kane, 95, TEA Ed., Milano, 2002.

6. Dorigo, T., "Dalla scuola ai quarks: il fascino delle particelle elementari," Codroipo (PD).

7. Feynman, R. P., The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol. III, Vol. 3, 1965, 1989 California Institute of Technology, Zanichelli (ed.), Vol. III, 21, 8, 20, Bologna, 2001.

8. Feynman, R. P., The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol. II, Vol. 3, 1965, 1989 California Institute of Technology, Zanichelli (ed.), Vol. II, 19, 1, Bologna, 2001.

9. Feynman, R. P., The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol. I, Vol. 3, 1965, 1989 California Institute of Technology, Zanichelli (ed.), Vol. I, 26, 4, Bologna, 2001.

10. Josephson, B. D., Phys. Lett., and Vol. 1, 251, Vol. 1, 1962., 1962.

11. Cantalupi, T., Newton, 4, 144, RCS Ed., Milano, 2003.

12. Asimov, I., Atom, 1991 by New American Library, Mondadori (ed.), 188, Milano, 2002.

13. Giacconi, R. and W. H. TuckerThe X-ray Universe. The quest for cosmic fire from black holes to intergalactic space, copyright 1985 by Riccardo Giacconi and Wallace Tucker, 26-27, Mondadori (ed.), 26-27, Milano, 2003.


© Copyright 2014 EMW Publishing. All Rights Reserved