Progress In Electromagnetics Research
ISSN: 1070-4698, E-ISSN: 1559-8985
Home | Search | Notification | Authors | Submission | PIERS Home | EM Academy
Home > Vol. 57 > pp. 277-284


By A. Lonappan, G. N. Bindu, V. Thomas, and K. T. Mathew

Full Article PDF (98 KB)

Microwave engineering now a days plays a vital tool in diagnostic and therapeutic medicine. A quality evaluation of human semen at microwave frequencies using the measurements made at different intervals of time by cavity perturbation technique in the S-band of microwave spectrum is presented in this paper. Semen samples were also examined in the microscopic as well as macroscopic level in clinical laboratory. It is observed that conductivity of semen depends upon the motility of sperm and it increases as time elapses, which finds applications in forensic medicine.

A. Lonappan, G. N. Bindu, V. Thomas, and K. T. Mathew, "Analysis of Human Semen Using Microwaves," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 57, 277-284, 2006.

1. Brown, V. J., "Development of computer modelling techniques for microwave thermography," Ph.D. Thesis, 1989.

2. Campbell, A. M., "Measurements and analysis of the microwave dielectric properties of tissue," Ph.D. Thesis, 1990.

3. Gabriel, C., S. Gabriel, and E. Corthout, "The dielectric properties of biological tissues: I. literature survey," Physics Medicine Biology, Vol. 41, 2231-2249, 1996.

4. Gabriel, S., R. W. Lau, and C. Gabriel, "The dielectric properties of biological tissues: II. measurements on the frequency range 10 Hz to 20 GHz literature survey," Physics Medicine Biology, Vol. 41, 2251-2269, 1996.

5. Cook, H. F., "The dielectric behavior of some types of human tissues at microwave frequencies," British Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 2, No. 10, 295-300, 1951.

6. Land, D. V. and A. M. Campbell, "A quick accurate method for measuring the microwave dielectric properties of small tissue samples," Physics Medicine Biology, Vol. 37, 183-192, 1992.

7. Cook, H. F., "Dielectric behavior of human blood at microwave frequencies," Nature, Vol. 168, 247-248, 1951.

8. Foster, K. R., J. L. Schepps, R. D. Stoy, and H. P. Schwan, "Dielectric properties of brain tissue between 0.01 and 10 GHz," Phys. Med. Biol., Vol. 24, 1177-1187, 1979.

9. Athey, T. W., M. A. Stuchly, and S. S. Stuchly, "Measurement of radio frequency of biological tissues with an open-ended coaxial line," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Techn., Vol. 30, 82-86, 1982.

10. Bolomey, J. C., G. Perronnnet, and L. Jofre, "On the possible use of active microwave imaging for remote thermal sensing," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., Vol. 31, 777-781, 1983.

11. Broquetas, A., M. S. Hawley, and L. Jofre, "Active microwave computed tomography cylindrical scanner for biomedical application," J. Photo. Sci., Vol. 37, 151-153, 1989.

12. Land, D. V., "A clinical microwave thermography system," IEE Proc. 134A, 193-200, 1987.

13. Paul, I., G. Varghese, M. A Ittyachen, K. T. Mathew, A. Lonappan, J. Jacob, and S. B. Kumar, "Dielectric properties of urinary stones at microwave frequencies," Microwave and Optical Tech- nology Letters (USA), Vol. 35, No. 11, 297-299, 2002.

14. Biju Kumar, S., K. T. Mathew, U. Raveendranath, and P. Augustine, "Dielectric properties of certain biological materials at microwave frequencies," The Journal of Microwave Power & Electromagnetic Energy, Vol. 36, 67-75, 2001.

15. Mathew, K. T. and U. Raveendranath, Sensors Update, Vol. 7, Vol. 7, 185, Wiley-VCH, Germany, 1999.

16. Guyton, A. C., Textbook of Medical Physiology, 8th Edition, Prism Books Pvt. Ltd..

© Copyright 2014 EMW Publishing. All Rights Reserved