Progress In Electromagnetics Research
ISSN: 1070-4698, E-ISSN: 1559-8985
Home | Search | Notification | Authors | Submission | PIERS Home | EM Academy
Home > Vol. 59 > pp. 151-174


By N. Yarkony and N. Blaunstein

Full Article PDF (622 KB)

In this work, we present a semi empirical approach and the analytical model on how to predict the total path loss in various indoor communication links, taking into account the new analytical methods of the derivation of the fading phenomenon between floors and along corridors, respectively. We take into account the stochastic method of slow and fast fading estimations, caused by diffraction and multipath phenomena, respectively. The statistical parameters required for statistical description of the diffraction and multipath phenomena, such as the standard deviations of the signal strength due to slow and fast fading are obtained from the corresponding measurements. The path loss characteristics together with evaluated parameters of slow and fast fading give a more precise link budget predictor, and obtain full radio coverage of all subscribers located in the area of service inside each building. Based on strict and completed path loss prediction, an algorithm of link budget performance is presented for different scenarios of radio propagation within indoor communication links. Results of proposed unified approach are compared with the analytical Bertoni's model, which is well-known and usually used in link budget design in various indoor environments. The results are also compared with measurements carried out for different propagation scenarios, along corridor and between floors, occurred in the indoor communication channels. A better agreement with experimental data is obtained compared to the model in consideration.

Citation: (See works that cites this article)
N. Yarkony and N. Blaunstein, "Prediction of Propagation Characteristics in Indoor Radio Communication Environments," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 59, 151-174, 2006.

1. Bertoni, H. L., RadioPropagationforModernWirelessSystems, PrenticeHall PTR, NewJersey, 2000.

2. Blaunstein, N., Wireless CommunicationSystems, 417-489, Handbook of EngineeringElectromagnetics, Ch. 12, 417-489, Marcel Dekker, NY, 2004.

3. Rappaport, T. S., WirelessCommunications, PrenticeHall PTR, NewYork, 1996.

4. Saunders, S. R., Antennas and Propagation for Wireless CommunicationSystems, J. Wiley&Sons, NewYork, 1999.

5. Cox, D. C., R. R. Murray, and A. W. Norris, "Measurements of 800 MHz radio transmission into buildings with metallic walls," AT&T Bel l Lab. Tech. J., Vol. 62, 2695-2717, 1983.

6. Davidson, A. and C. Hill, "Measurement of building penetration into medium building at 900 and 1500 MHz," IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., Vol. 46, 161-167, 1997.

7. Turkmani, A. M. D. and A. F. de Toledo, "Modeling of radio transmission into and within multistory buildings at 900, 1800, and 2300 MHz," IEE Proc.-1, Vol. 40, 462-470, 1993.

8. Alexander, S. E., "Radio propagation within buildings at 900 MHz," Electronics Letters, Vol. 18, No. 21, 913-914, 1982.

9. Hashemi, H., "The indoor radio propagation channel," Proc. IEEE, Vol. 81, No. 7, 943-968, 1993.

10. Lemieux, J. F., M. Tanany, and H. M. Hafez, "Experimental evaluation of space/frequency/polarization diversity in the indoor wireless channel," IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., Vol. 40, No. 3, 569-574, 1991.

11. Rappaport, T. S., "Characterization of UHF multipath radio channels in factory buildings," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., Vol. 37, No. 8, 1058-1069, 1989.

12. Devasirvatham, D. M., M. J. Krain, and T. S. Rappaport, "Radio propagation measurements at 850 MHz, 1.7 GHz, and 4.0 GHz inside two dissimilar office buildings," Electronics Letters, Vol. 26, No. 7, 445-447, 1990.

13. Rappaport, T. S. and D. A. Hawbaker, "Wide-band microwave propagation parameters using cellular and linear polarized antennas for indoor wireless channels," IEEE Trans. on Communications, Vol. 40, No. 2, 231-242, 1992.

14. Tarng, J. H., W. R. Chang, and B. J. Hsu, "Three- dimensional modeling of 900 MHz and 2.44 GHz radio propagation in corridors," IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., Vol. 46, 519-526, 1997.

15. Gibson, T. B. and D. C. Jenn, "Prediction and measurements of wall intersection loss," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., Vol. 47, 55-57, 1999.

16. Lafortune, J. F. and M. Lecours, "Measurement and modeling of propagation losses in a building at 900 MHz," IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., Vol. 39, 101-108, 1990.

17. Arnod, H. W., R. R. Murray, and D. C. Cox, "815 MHz radio attenuation measured within two commercial buildings," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., Vol. 37, 1335-1339, 1989.

18. Whitman, G. M., K. S. Kim, and E. Niver, "A theoretical modelfor radio signal attenuation inside buildings," IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., Vol. 44, 621-629, 1995.

19. Seidel, S. Y. and T. S. Rappaport, "Site-specific propagation prediction for wireless in-building personal communication system design," IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., Vol. 43, 879-891, 1994.

20. Seidel, S. Y. and T. S. Rappaport, "914 MHz path loss prediction models for indoor wireless communication in multifloored buildings," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., Vol. 40, No. 2, 207-217, 1992.

21. Honcharenko, W., H. L. Bertoni, J. Dailing, J. Qian, and H. D. Lee, "Mechanisms governing UHF propagation on single floors in modern office buildings," IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., Vol. 41, No. 4, 496-504, 1992.

22. Honcharenko, W., H. L. Bertoni, and J. Dailing, "Mechanisms governing propagation between different floors in buildings," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., Vol. 41, No. 6, 787-790, 1993.

23. Dersch, U. and E. Zollinger, "Propagation mechanisms in microcell and indoor environments," IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., Vol. 43, 1058-1066, 1994.

24. Clarke, R. H., "A statistical theory of mobile-radio reception," Bel l Systems Technical Journal, Vol. 47, 957-1000, 1968.

25. Rappaport, T. S. et al., "Statistical channel impulse response models for factory and open plan building communication system design," IEEE Trans. on Communications, Vol. 39, No. 5, 794-805, 1991.

26. Devasirvatham, D. M. J., "Time delay spread and signal level measurements of 850 MHz radio waves in building environments," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., Vol. 34, No. 2, 1300-1305, 1986.

27. Rappaport, T. S. and V. Fung, "Simulation of bit error performance of FSK, BPSK, and π/4-DQPSK in flat fading indoor radio channels using measurement-based channel model," IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., Vol. 40, No. 4, 731-739, 1991.

28. Kanatas, A. G., I. D. Kountouris, G. B. Kostraras, and P. Constantinou, "A UTD propagation model in urban microcellular environments," IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., Vol. 46, No. 2, 185-193, 1997.

29. Katedra, M. F., J. Perez, F. S. de Adana, and O. Gutierrez, "Efficient ray-tracing techniques for three-dimensional analyses of propagation in mobile communications: application to picocell and microcell scenarios," IEEE Antennas Propagat. Magazine, Vol. 40, No. 2, 15-28, 1998.

30. Kim, S. C., et al., "Radio propagation measurements and prediction using three dimensional ray tracing in urban environments at 908 MHz and 1.9 GHz," IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., Vol. 48, 931-946, 1999.

31. Keenan, J. M. and A. J. Motley, "Radio coverage in buildings," BT Tech. J., Vol. 8, No. 1, 19-24, 1990.

32., "Propagation data and prediction models for the planning of indoor communication systems and local area networks in the frequency range 900 MHz to 100 GHz," International Telecommunication Union, ITU-R Recommendation, 123, 1997.

33. Blaunstein, N., "Average field attenuation in the non-regular impedance street waveguide," IEEE Trans. on Antennas Prop- agation, Vol. 46, No. 12, 1782-1789, 1998.

© Copyright 2014 EMW Publishing. All Rights Reserved