PIER
 
Progress In Electromagnetics Research
ISSN: 1070-4698, E-ISSN: 1559-8985
Home | Search | Notification | Authors | Submission | PIERS Home | EM Academy
Home > Vol. 80 > pp. 253-275

A NOVEL DESIGN METHODOLOGY OF MULTI-CLAD SINGLE MODE OPTICAL FIBER FOR BROADBAND OPTICAL NETWORKS

By H. Shahoei, H. Ghafoori-Fard, and A. Rostami

Full Article PDF (366 KB)

Abstract:
In this paper two multi-clad RI- and RII-type optical fiber structures for small dispersion and dispersion slope as well as large bandwidth are considered and novel design strategy for this purpose is presented. The suggested design method uses the Differential Evolution (DE) approach. We put absolute value of dispersion factor as fitness function in differential evolution method. This algorithm successfully introduces a special fiber including so small dispersion and dispersion slope in the predefined wavelength duration. Also, the proposed method can set zero dispersion wavelengths with high accuracy compared other traditional methods. The designed dispersion-shifted RI single-mode fiber has the bandwidth of 600nm and the max amount of 1.36 (ps/km/nm) in that duration which is an ideal result.

Citation:
H. Shahoei, H. Ghafoori-Fard, and A. Rostami, "A novel design methodology of multi-clad single mode optical fiber for broadband optical networks," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 80, 253-275, 2008.
doi:10.2528/PIER07111003
http://www.jpier.org/PIER/pier.php?paper=07111003

References:
1. Varshney, R. K., A. K. Ghatak, I. C. Goyal, and S. Antony, "Design of a flat field fiber with very small dispersion slope," Optical Fiber Technology, Vol. 9, 189-198, 2003.
doi:10.1016/S1068-5200(03)00042-7

2. Tian, X. and X. Zhang, "Dispersion-flattened designs of the large effective-area single-mode fibers with ring index profiles," Optics Communications, Vol. 230, 105-113, 2004.
doi:10.1016/j.optcom.2003.11.037

3. Zhang, X. and X. Tian, "Analysis of waveguide dispersion characteristics of WI-and WII-type triple-clad single-mode fibers," Optics & Laser Technology, Vol. 35, 237-244, 2003.
doi:10.1016/S0030-3992(02)00175-5

4. Kato, T., M. Hirano, A. Tada, K. Fokuada, T. Fujii, T. Ooishi, Y. Yokoyama, M. Yoshida, and M. Onishi, "Dispersion flattened transmission line consisting of wide-band non-zero dispersion shifted fiber and dispersion compensating fiber module," Optical Fiber Technology, Vol. 8, 231-239, 2002.
doi:10.1016/S1068-5200(02)00007-X

5. Agrawal, G. P., Fiber-Optic Communication Systems, 3rd edition, John Wiley & Sons, 2002.

6. Zhang, X. and X. Wang, "The study of chromatic dispersion and chromatic dispersion slope of WI-and WII-type triple-clad singlemode fibers," Optics & Laser Technology, Vol. 37, 167-172, 2005.
doi:10.1016/j.optlastec.2004.03.006

7. Ghatak, A. and K. Thyagarajan, Introduction to Fiber Optics, Cambridge University Press, 2002.

8. Nunes, F. D. and C. A. de Souza Melo, "Theoretical study of coaxial fibers," Applied Optics, Vol. 35, 388-398, 1999.

9. Holland, J. H., Adaptation in Natural and Artificial Systems, 2nd edition, MIT, Cambridge, MA, 1992.

10. Goldberg, D. E., Genetic Algorithms in Search, Optimization and Machine Learning, Addison-Wesley, Reading, 1989.

11. Spears, W. M., K. A. De Jong, T. Baeck, and P. Bradzil, An overview of evolutionary computation, Proceedings of European Conference on Machine Learning, Vol. 667, 442-459, 1993.

12. Baeck, T., F. Hoffmeister, and H. P. Schwefel, "An overview of evolutionarv algorithms for parameter optimization," J. Evol. Comput., Vol. 1, 1-24, 1993.
doi:10.1162/evco.1993.1.1.1

13. Koza, J. R., Genetic Programming: On the Programming of Computers by Means of Natural Selection, MIT, Cambridge, 1992.

14. Sakai, J.-I. and T. Kimura, "Bending loss of propagation in arbitrary-index profile optical fibers," Applied Optics, Vol. 17, No. 10, 1978.

15. Yeh, P., Optical Waves in Layered Media, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1988.

16. Abromowitz, M. and I. A. Stegun, Handbook of Mathematical Functions with Formulas, 358, Gr aphs, and Mathematical Tables, 358- 389, Dover Pub., New York, 1972.

17. Zhang, X., L. Xie, X. Tian, and S. Hou, "Chirped Gaussian pulse broadening induced by chromatic dispersion in the tripleclad single-mode fiber with a depressed index inner cladding," Optical Fiber Technology, Vol. 10, 215-231, 2004.
doi:10.1016/j.yofte.2003.11.001

18. Hattori, H. T. and A. Safaei-Jazi, "Fiber designs with significantly reduced nonlinearity for very long distance transmission," Applied Optics, Vol. 37, 3190-3197, 1998.

19. Marcuse, D., A. R. Chraplyvy, and R. W. Tkach, "Effect of fiber nonlinearity on long-distance transmission," J. Lightwave Technology, Vol. 9, No. 1, 121-128, 1991.
doi:10.1109/50.64931

20. Naka, A. and S. Saito, "In-line amplifier transmission distance determined by self-phase modulation and group-velocity dispersion," J. Lightwave Technology, Vol. 12, No. 2, 280-287, 1994.
doi:10.1109/50.350593

21. Anderson, D. and M. Lisak, "Propagation characteristics of frequency chirped super-Gaussian optical pulses," Opt. Lett., Vol. 11, No. 9, 569-571, 1986.

22. Marcuse, D., "RMS width of pulses in nonlinear dispersive fibers," J. Lightwave Technol., Vol. 10, No. 1, 17-21, 1992.
doi:10.1109/50.108730

23. Florjanczyk, M. and R. Tremblay, "RMS width of pulses in nonlinear dispersive fibers: Pulses of arbitrary initial form with chirp," J. Lightwav. Technol., Vol. 13, No. 8, 1801-1806, 1995.
doi:10.1109/50.405327

24. Potasek, M. J., G. P. Agrawal, and S. C. Pinault, "Analytic and numerical study of pulse broadening in nonlinear dispersive optical fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, Vol. 3, No. 2, 205-211, 1986.

25. Kikuchi, N. and S. Sasaki, "Analytical evaluation technique of self phase-modulation effect on the performance of cascaded optical amplifier systems," J. Lightwave Technol., Vol. 13, No. 5, 868-878, 1995.
doi:10.1109/50.387804

26. Xu, B. and M. Brandt-Pearce, "Comparison of FWM and XPM induced crosstalk using Volterra series transfer function method," J. Lightwave Technol., Vol. 21, No. 1, 40-53, 2003.
doi:10.1109/JLT.2002.806360

27. Rugh, W. J., Nonlinear Systems Theory, the Volterra/Wiener Approach, The John Hopkins University Press, 2001.

28. Singh, S. P. and N. Singh, "Nonlinear effects in optical fibers: Origin, management and applications," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 73, 249-275, 2007.
doi:10.2528/PIER07040201

29. Ibrahim, A.-B. M. A. and P. K. Choudhury, "Relative power distributions in omniguiding photonic band-gap fibers," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 72, 269-278, 2007.
doi:10.2528/PIER07031406

30. Biswas, A., "Dynamics of gaussian and super-Gaussian solitons in birefringent optical fibers," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 33, 119-139, 2001.
doi:10.2528/PIER00101203

31. Grobe, K. and H. Braunisch, "A broadband model for single-mode fibers including nonlinear dispersion," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 22, 131-148, 1999.
doi:10.2528/PIER98090301

32. Oullette, F., "Dispersion cancellation using linearly chirped Bragg grating filters in optical waveguides," Optics Letters, Vol. 12, 847-849, 1987.

33. Pandey, P. C., A. Mishra, and S. P. Ojha, "Modal dispersion characteristics of a single mode dielectric optical waveguide with a guiding region cross-section bounded by two involuted spirals," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 73, 1-13, 2007.
doi:10.2528/PIER07022702

34. Singh, V., Y. Prajapati, and J. P. Saini, "Modal analysis and dispersion curves of a new unconventional bragg waveguide using a very simple method," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 64, 191-204, 2006.
doi:10.2528/PIER06071101

35. Rostami, A. and A. Andalib, "A principal investigation of the group velocity dispersion (GVD) profile for optimum dispersion compensation in optical fibers: A theoretical study," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 75, 209-224, 2007.
doi:10.2528/PIER07060402

36. Singh, S. P., R. Gangwar, and N. Singh, "Nonlinear scattering effects in optical fibers," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 74, 379-405, 2007.
doi:10.2528/PIER07051102

37. Hillion, P., "Electromagnetic pulse propagation in dispersive media," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 35, 299-314, 2002.
doi:10.2528/PIER02021703

38. Mishra, M. and S. Konar, "High bit rate dense dispersion managed optical communication systems with distributed amplification," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 78, 301-320, 2008.
doi:10.2528/PIER07091305

39. Shahi, A. K., V. Singh, and S. P. Ojha, "Dispersion characteristics of electromagnetic waves in circularly cored highly birefringent waveguide having elliptical cladding," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 75, 51-62, 2007.
doi:10.2528/PIER07051601

40. Biswas, A. and S. Konar, "Theory of dispersion-managed optical solitons," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 50, 83-134, 2005.
doi:10.2528/PIER04051301

41. Singh, S. P., R. Gangwar, and N. Singh, "Nonlinear scattering effects in optical fibers," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 74, 379-405, 2007.
doi:10.2528/PIER07051102

42. Singh, S. P. and N. Singh, "Nonlinear effects in optical fibers: Origin, management and applications," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 73, 249-275, 2007.
doi:10.2528/PIER07040201

43. Guo, L. and C. Kim, "Study on the two-frequency scattering cross section and pulse broadening of the one-dimensional fractal sea surface at millimeter wave frequency," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 37, 221-234, 2002.
doi:10.2528/PIER02042601

44. Singh, V., "Modal analysis and waveguide dispersion of an optical waveguide having a cross-section of the shape of a cardiod," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 20, No. 8, 1021-1035, 2006.
doi:10.1163/156939306776930277

45. Georgia, E. M., A. D. Panagopoulos, and J. D. Kanellopoulos, "Millimeter wave pulse propagation through distorted raindrops for los fixed wireless access channels," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 20, No. 9, 1235-1248, 2006.
doi:10.1163/156939306777442953

46. Najjar-Khatirkolaei B., M. Al-Kanhal, and A. R. Sebak, "Electromagnetic wave scattering by elliptic chiral cylinder," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 20, No. 10, 1377-1390, 2006.
doi:10.1163/156939306779276866

47. Angiulli, G., "On the computation of nonlinear eigenvalues in electromagnetic problems," J. of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 21, No. 4, 527-532, 2007.
doi:10.1163/156939307780616838


© Copyright 2014 EMW Publishing. All Rights Reserved