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Progress In Electromagnetics Research
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ON THE FIELD PATTERNS OF HELICAL CLAD DIELECTRIC OPTICAL FIBERS

By A. H. B. M. Safie and P. K. Choudhury

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Abstract:
An analytical investigation of the lightwave propagation through dielectric optical fibers with helical clads is presented with the emphasis on their field patterns. The helical clad section is effectively realized by introducing conducting windings on the core-clad boundary. Using Maxwell's equations, a rigorous analytical approach is implemented to determine the field patterns in such fibers. For simplicity, two particular values of the helix pitch angle are considered, viz. 0°and 90°. The nature of fields is presented in both the situations corresponding to different allowed values of the propagation constants and the fiber diameters. The radial distributions of fields are presented under different situations, which exhibit the patterns like spikes. The observed smooth match of the fields at the core-clad interface validates of our analytical approach. The presence of a little higher amount of field in the fiber clad section is essentially attributed to the helical windings introduced over the fiber core. Further, the existence of considerable amount of evanescent waves in such fibers opens up the possibility of their applications in optical sensing.

Citation:
A. H. B. M. Safie and P. K. Choudhury, "On the field patterns of helical clad dielectric optical fibers," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 91, 69-84, 2009.
doi:10.2528/PIER09020208
http://www.jpier.org/PIER/pier.php?paper=09020208

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