Vol. 91

Front:[PDF file] Back:[PDF file]
Latest Volume
All Volumes
All Issues
2009-03-25

TWI Experimental Results by a Linear Inverse Scattering Approach

By Raffaele Solimene, Adriana Brancaccio, Rocco Pierri, and Francesco Soldovieri
Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 91, 259-272, 2009
doi:10.2528/PIER09021609

Abstract

A through-wall imaging problem is tackled by means a linear inverse scattering approach described and numerically analyzed in previous works by the same authors. Here, such an approach is checked for against experimental data. To this end, a CW-SF ultrawideband radar system is used to take measurements in a controlled environment as well as for in situ experiments. Different types of scatterers and of obscuring walls are considered.

Citation


Raffaele Solimene, Adriana Brancaccio, Rocco Pierri, and Francesco Soldovieri, "TWI Experimental Results by a Linear Inverse Scattering Approach," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 91, 259-272, 2009.
doi:10.2528/PIER09021609
http://www.jpier.org/PIER/pier.php?paper=09021609

References


    1. Ferris, D. D. and N. C. Currie, "A survey of current technologies for through-wall-surveillance (TWS)," Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 3577, 62-72, 1999.
    doi:10.1117/12.336988

    2. Frazier, L., "MDR for law enforcement," IEEE Potent., Vol. 16, 23-26, 1998.
    doi:10.1109/45.645833

    3. Song, L. P., C. Yu, and Q. H. Liu, "Through-wall imaging (TWI) by radar: 2-D tomographic results and analyses," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remot. Sens., Vol. 43, 2793-2798, 2005.
    doi:10.1109/TGRS.2005.857914

    4. Soldovieri, F., R. Solimene, A. Brancaccio, and R. Pierri, "Localization of the interfaces of a slab hidden behind a wall," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remot. Sens., Vol. 45, 2471-2482, 2007.
    doi:10.1109/TGRS.2007.900994

    5. Baranoski, E. J., "Through-wall imaging: Historical perspective and future directions," J. Frank. Inst., Vol. 345, 556-569, 2008.
    doi:10.1016/j.jfranklin.2008.01.005

    6. Withington, P., H. Fuhler, and S. Nag, "Enhanching homeland security with advanced UWB sensors," IEEE Microw. Mag., Vol. 4, 51-58, 2003.
    doi:10.1109/MMW.2003.1237477

    7. Frazier, L. M., "Surveillance through walls and other opaque materials," IEEE National Radar Conference, 27-31, 1996.

    8. Yang, Y. and A. E. Fathy, "See-through-wall imaging using ultra wideband short-pulse radar system," IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, 334-337, 2005.

    9. Hunnt, A. R., "Image formation through walls using a distributed radar sensor array," Proceedings of the 32nd Applied Imagery Pattern Recognition Workshop (AIPR'03), IEEE, 2003.

    10. Ahmad, F., M. G. Amin, and S. A. Kassam, "Syntethic aperture beamformer for imaging through a dielectric wall," IEEE Trans. Aerosp. Electr. Systm., Vol. 41, 271-283, 2005.
    doi:10.1109/TAES.2005.1413761

    11. Venkatasubramanian, V. and H. Leung, "A novel chaos-based high-resolution technique and its application to through-the-wall imaging," IEEE Sign. Process. Lett., Vol. 12, 528-531, 2005.
    doi:10.1109/LSP.2005.849497

    12. Soldovieri, F. and R. Solimene, "Through-wall imaging via a linear inverse scattering algorithm," IEEE Geosc. Rem. Sens. Lett., Vol. 4, 513-517, 2007.
    doi:10.1109/LGRS.2007.900735

    13. Chew, W. C., Waves and Fields in Inhomogeneous Media, IEEE Press, Piscataway, NJ, 1995.

    14. Caorsi, S., M. Donelli, A. Lommi, and A. Massa, "Location and imaging of two-dimensional scatterers by using a particle swarm algorithm," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 18, 481-494, 2004.
    doi:10.1163/156939304774113089

    15. Huang, C. H., Y. F. Chen, and C. C. Chiu, "Permittivity distribution reconstruction of dielectric objects by a cascaded method ," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 21, 145-159, 2007.
    doi:10.1163/156939307779378790

    16. Ahamd, F., M. G. Amin, and G. Mandapati, "Autofocusing of through-the-wall radar imagery under unknown wall characterisitics," IEEE Trans. Imag. Process., Vol. 16, 1785-1795, 2007.
    doi:10.1109/TIP.2007.899030

    17. Bertero, M. and P. Boccacci, Introduction to Inverse Problems in Imaging, Institute of Physics, Bristol, UK, 1998.

    18. Hansen, P. C., J. G. Nagy, and D. P. O'Leary, Deblurring Images: Matrices, Spectra, and Filtering, SIAM, 2008.

    19. Porter, R. P. and A. J. Devaney, "Generalized holography and computational solutions to inverse source problems," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, Vol. 72, 1707-1713, 1982.
    doi:10.1364/JOSA.72.001707

    20. Parrini, F., M. Fratini, M. Pieraccini, C. Atzeni, G. De Pasquale, P. Ruggiero, F. Soldovieri, and A. Brancaccio, "ULTRA: Wideband ground penetrating radar," Proc. of European Radar Conference EURAD 2006, Manchester, UK, Sep. 2006.

    21. Brancaccio, A., F. Soldovieri, G. Leone, D. Sglavo, and R. Pierri, "Microwave characterization of materials in civil engineering," Proc. European Microwave Assoc., Vol. 6, 128-135, 2006.