Vol. 93

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A Reconfigurable U-Koch Microstrip Antenna for Wireless Applications

By Ali H. Ramadan, Karim Youssef Kabalan, Ali El-Hajj, Shahwan Khoury, and Mohammed Al-Husseini
Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 93, 355-367, 2009


In this paper, a low-cost multiband printed-circuit-board (PCB) antenna that employs Koch fractal geometry and tunability is demonstrated. The antenna is fabricated on a 1.6 mm-thick FR4-epoxy substrate with dimensions 4 cm × 4.5 cm, is microstrip-line fed and has a partial ground plane flushed with the feed line. The proposed antenna is simulated using the Finite-Element Method for three different switching cases and the return loss is measured for each case. It is shown that the antenna can cover the bands of several applications including 3G, WiFi, WiMAX as well as a portion of the UWB range. The radiation patterns are satisfactorily omnidirectional across the antenna's operation bands.


Ali H. Ramadan, Karim Youssef Kabalan, Ali El-Hajj, Shahwan Khoury, and Mohammed Al-Husseini, "A Reconfigurable U-Koch Microstrip Antenna for Wireless Applications," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 93, 355-367, 2009.


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