PIER
 
Progress In Electromagnetics Research
ISSN: 1070-4698, E-ISSN: 1559-8985
Home | Search | Notification | Authors | Submission | PIERS Home | EM Academy
Home > Vol. 100 > pp. 327-349

INVESTIGATION INTO TIME- AND FREQUENCY-DOMAIN EMI-INDUCED NOISE IN BISTABLE MULTIVIBRATOR

By H.-C. Tsai

Full Article PDF (449 KB)

Abstract:
Electromagnetic interference (EMI) has a negative effect upon the performance of circuit communication systems. The present study considers the case of EMI induced in a conducting wire, and derives equations to establish the effect of the EMI on a bistable multivibrator. The validity of the equations is verified experimentally. The results indicate that the degree of influence of the EMI on the bistable oscillator depends on the interference power, the interference frequency, the induced power, the output resistance of the circuit, and the parasitic capacitance. Moreover, it is shown that the harmonic noise increases with an increasing interference amplitude and frequency. The theoretical results are found to be in good agreement with the experimental data.

Citation:
H.-C. Tsai, "Investigation into Time- and Frequency-Domain EMI-Induced Noise in Bistable Multivibrator," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 100, 327-349, 2010.
doi:10.2528/PIER09112904
http://www.jpier.org/PIER/pier.php?paper=09112904

References:
1. Masya, S., S. Takehiko, and N. Hideya, "Numerical simulation of a potassium-seeded turbulent RF inductively coupled plasma with particles," Thin Solid Films, Vol. 435, No. 1-2, 5-12, July 1, 2003.

2. Kwang, J. K., H. K. Jong, and H. K. Ji, "Structural and optical characterization of Cu3N films prepared by reactive RF magnetron sputtering," Journal of Crystal Growth, Vol. 222, No. 4, 767-772, February 2001.
doi:10.1016/S0022-0248(00)00968-4

3. Xue, J. X. and T. D. Todd, "Basestation collaboration in bluetooth voice networks," Computer Networks, Vol. 41, No. 3, 289-301, February 21, 2003.
doi:10.1016/S1389-1286(02)00417-6

4. Dai, D., "Bluetooth," Network Security, Vol. 2002, No. 4, 11-12, April 1, 2002.

5. Khah, S. K., T. Chakravarty, and P. Balamurali, "Analysis of an electromagnetically coupled microstrip ring antenna using an extended feedline," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 23, No. 2-3, 369-376, 2009.
doi:10.1163/156939309787604436

6. Hong, J.-I., S.-M. Hwang, and C.-S. Huh, "Susceptibility of microcontroller devices due to coupling effects under narrow-band high power electromagnetic waves by magnetron," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 22, No. 17-18, 2451-2462, 2009.

7. Tsai, H. C. and K. C. Wang, "Investigation of EMI-induced noise spectrum on an enhancement-type MOSFET," Solid State Electronics, Vol. 52, No. 8, 1207-1216, 2008.
doi:10.1163/156939308784159543

8. Kim, Y. J., U. Choi, and Y. S. Kim, "Screen filter design considerations for plasma display panels (PDP) to achieve a high brightness with a minimal loss of EMI shielding effectiveness," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 22, No. 5-6, 775-786, 2008.
doi:10.1016/j.microrel.2007.09.003

9. Tsai, H. C., "Numerical and experimental analysis of EMI effects on circuits with MESFET devices," Microelectronics Reliability, Vol. 48, No. 4, 537-546, 2008.
doi:10.1016/j.sse.2007.01.019

10. Wessels, P., et al., "Advanced BCD technology for automotive, audio and power applications," Solid State Electronics, Vol. 51, No. 2, 195-211, 2007.
doi:10.1016/j.microrel.2006.06.005

11. Tsai, H. C., "An investigation on the influence of electromagnetic interference induced in conducting wire of universal LEDs," Microelectronics Reliability, Vol. 47, No. 6, 959-966, 2007.
doi:10.1016/j.optcom.2007.01.038

12. Tsai, H. C., "An investigation into EMI-induced noise in nanometer multi-quantum well InGaN LEDs," Optics Communications, Vol. 273, No. 2, 311-319, 2007.
doi:10.1016/j.optcom.2004.09.073

12. Michette, A. G., S. J. Pfauntsch, A. Erko, A. Firsov, and A. Svintsov, "Nanometer focusing of X-rays with modified reflection zone plates," Optics Communications, Vol. 245, No. 1-6, 249-253, 2005.
doi:10.1016/j.optcom.2004.09.073

13. Michette, A. G., S. J. Pfauntsch, A. Erko, A. Firsov, and A. Svintsov, "Nanometer focusing of X-rays with modified reflection zone plates," Optics Communications, Vol. 245, No. 1-6, 249-253, 2005.
doi:10.1016/j.microrel.2004.07.071

14. Busatto, G., L. Fratelli, C. Abbate, R. Mamzo, and F. Iannuzzo, "Analysis and optimisation through innovative driving strategy of high power IGBT performances/EMI reduction trade-off for converter systems in railway applications," Microelectronics Reliability, Vol. 44, No. 9-11, 1443-1448, 2004.
doi:10.1016/j.cryogenics.2004.01.006

15. Quach, H. P. and C. P. Chui Talso, "Low temperature magnetic properties of Metglas 2714A and its potential use as core material for EMI filters," Cryogenics, Vol. 44, No. 6-8, 445-449, 2004.
doi:10.1016/j.mejo.2003.11.003

16. Steinecke, T., H. Koehne, and M. Schmidt, "Behavioral EMI models of complex digital VLSI circuits," Microelectronics Journal, Vol. 35, No. 6, 547-555, 2004.
doi:10.1016/j.optcom.2004.01.051

17. Vasa, P., B. P. Singh, P. Taneja, and P. Ayyub, "Antiresonant ring interferometry as a sensitive technique for measuring nonlinear optical properties of thin films," Optics Communications, Vol. 233, No. 1-6, 297-304, 2004.
doi:10.1016/j.microrel.2003.08.010

18. Tsai, H. C., "Reliable study of digital IC circuits with margin voltage among variable DC power supply, electromagnetic interference and conducting wire antenna," Microelectronics Reliability, Vol. 43, No. 12, 2001-2009, 2003.
doi:10.1016/S0030-4018(03)01635-3

19. Tsai, H. C., "Impact of electromagnetic radiation induced by conducting wire antenna on optical fiber communication systems," Optics Communications, Vol. 223, No. 1-3, 81-89, 2003.
doi:10.1016/j.nima.2007.04.051

20. Lee, T.-H. and H.-D. Kim, "Radiation hardness test of preamplifier circuits composed of commercial bipolar transistors," Nuclear Inst. and Methods in Physics Research, A, Vol. 579, No. 1, 260-263, 2007.
doi:10.1016/j.sna.2007.02.037

21. Zhao, Z., Y. M. Li, J. Cheng, and Y. F. Xu, "Current sensor utilizing giant magneto-impedance effect in amorphous ribbon toroidal core and CMOS inverter multivibrator," Sensors & Actuators: A. Physical, Vol. 137, No. 1, 64-67, 2007.
doi:10.1016/S0167-2789(03)00288-4

22. Muselli, M., "Frequency analysis of binary oscillators triggered by a random noise," Physica D, Vol. 188, No. 1-2, 119-133, 2004.

23. Cheng, D. K., Field and Wave Electromagnetics, 2nd Ed., 252-634, Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, USA, 1989.
doi:10.1016/j.sigpro.2007.04.006

24. Bhatia, V. and B. Mulgrew, "Non-parametric likelihood based channel estimator for Gaussian mixture noise," Signal Processing, Vol. 87, No. 11, 2569-2586, 2007.
doi:10.1016/j.apacoust.2005.10.008

25. Chambers, J., D. Bullock, Y. Kahana, A. Kots, and A. Palmer, "Developments in active noise control sound systems for magnetic resonance imaging," Applied Acoustics, Vol. 68, No. 3, 281-295, 2007.
doi:10.1016/j.apacoust.2006.01.009

26. Yuan, J., "Adaptive Laguerre filters for active noise control," Applied Acoustics, Vol. 68, No. 1, 86-96, 2007.
doi:10.1016/j.cattod.2006.05.087

27. Roelant, R., D. Constales, G. S. Yablonsky, R. Van Keer, M. A. Rude, and G. B. Marin, "Noise in temporal analysis of products (TAP) pulse responses," Catalysis Today, Vol. 121, No. 3-4, 269-281, 2007.
doi:10.1016/j.sigpro.2006.02.037

28. Lisnanski, R. and A. J. Weiss, "Low complexity generalized EM algorithm for blind channel estimation and data detection in optical communication systems," Signal Processing, Vol. 86, No. 11, 3393-3403, 2006.
doi:10.1016/j.chaos.2005.08.174

29. Li, H. G. and G. Meng, "Detection of harmonic signals from chaotic interference by empirical mode decomposition," Chaos, Solitons and Fractals, Vol. 30, No. 4, 930-935, 2006.

30. Van Der Ziel, A., Noise in Solid State Devices and Circuits, 10-20, Wiley, New York, 1986.


© Copyright 2014 EMW Publishing. All Rights Reserved