Progress In Electromagnetics Research
ISSN: 1070-4698, E-ISSN: 1559-8985
Home | Search | Notification | Authors | Submission | PIERS Home | EM Academy
Home > Vol. 106 > pp. 263-278


By A. W. Reza, S. M. Pillai, K. Dimyati, and K. G. Tan

Full Article PDF (437 KB)

This paper proposes a new positioning system utilizing mobile readers that are programmed to move in a zigzag pattern to locate the tags. The proposed zigzag mobility pattern is able to cover an area completely within a given period, determine optimal number of required mobile readers, and find out reader placement and movement pattern. The received signal strength (RSS) model is used to exchange the information over a short range by estimating the position of the tag by means of distance information between the reader and the tag. The results obtained from this study point out that the proposed method is able to provide near exact tag position. The proposed method can achieve average error as low as 0.6 m. With this proposed method, the scanning of large areas, such as warehouses, libraries, and storage areas can be done very quickly. Mobile reader is proposed because it is cost-effective, fast, and is able to provide relatively accurate results.

A. W. Reza, S. M. Pillai, K. Dimyati, and K. G. Tan, " a novel positioning system utilizing zigzag mobility pattern ," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 106, 263-278, 2010.

1. Lahiri, S., RFID Sourcebook, IBM Press, New Jersey, 2006.

2. Tan, K. G., A. R. Wasif, and C. P. Tan, "Object tracking utilizing square grid RFID reader antenna network," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 22, No. 1, 27-38, 2008.

3. Reza, A. W. and T. K. Geok, "Objects tracking in a dense reader environment utilizing grids of RFID antenna positioning," International Journal of Electronics, Vol. 96, No. 12, 1281-1307, 2009.

4. Reza, A. W. and T. K. Geok, "Investigation of indoor location sensing via RFID reader network utilizing grid covering algorithm," Wireless Personal Communications, Vol. 49, No. 1, 67-80, 2009.

5. Mitilineos, S. A. and S. C. A. Thomopoulos, "Positioning accuracy enhancement using error modeling via a polynomial approximation approach," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 102, 49-64, 2010.

6. Tayebi, A., J. Gomez, F. Saez de Adana, and O. Gutierrez, "The application of ray-tracing to mobile localization using the direction of arrival and received signal strength in multipath indoor environments," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 91, 1-15, 2009.

7. Seow, C. K. and S. Y. Tan, "Localization of omni-directional mobile in multipath environments," Progess In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 85, 323-348, 2008.

8. Bahillo Martinez, A., S. Mazuelas Franco, J. Prieto Tejedor, R. M. Lorenzo Toledo, P. Fernandez Reguero, and E. J. Abril, "Indoor location based on IEEE 802.11 round-trip time measurements with two-step NLOS mitigation," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 15, 285-306, 2009.

9. Mak, L. C. and T. Furukawa, "A time-of-arrival-based positioning technique with non-line-of-sight mitigation using low-frequency sound," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 22, No. 5, 507-526, 2008.

10. Prieto Tejedor, J., A. Bahillo Martinez, S. Mazuelas Franco, R. M. Lorenzo Toledo, P. Fernandez Reguero, and E. J. Abril, "Characterization and mitigation of range estimation errors for an RTT-based IEEE 802.11 indoor location system," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 15, 217-244, 2009.

11. Patil, A., J. Munson, D. Wood, and A. Cole, "BlueBot: Asset tracking via robotic location crawling,", Tech. Rep. No. RC23510, IBM T. J. Watson Research Centre, Hawthorne, NY, 2005.

12. Burgard, D. W., D. Fox, K. Fishkin, D. Hahnel, and M. Philipose, "Mapping and localization with RFID technology," IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Vol. 1, 1015-1020, New Orleans, LA, USA, 2004.

13. Oztekin, A., F. M. Pajouh, D. Delen, and L. K. Swim, "An RFID network design methodology for asset tracking in healthcare," Decision Support Systems, Vol. 49, 100-109, 2010.

14. Weichert, F., D. Fiedler, J. Hegenberg, H. Muller, C. Prasse, M. Roidl, and M. ten Hompel, "Marker-based tracking in support of RFID controlled material flow systems," Logistics Research, Vol. 2, 3-21, 2010.

15. Anusha, S., "RFIDcover: A coverage planning tool for RFID networks with mobile readers,", Dissertation paper, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, India, 2005.

16. Ladd, A. M., K. E. Bekris, A. Rudys, G. Marceau, L. E. Kavraki, and D. S.Wallach, "Robotics-based location sensing using wireless ethernet," Journal of Wireless Networks, Vol. 11, 189-204, 2005.

17. Cortes, J., S. Martnez, T. Karatas, and F. Bullo, "Coverage control for mobile sensing networks," IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation, Vol. 20, No. 2, 243-255, 2004.

18. Li, L. W., C. P. Lim, and M. S. Leong, "Near field of electrically small thin square and rectangular loop antennas," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 31, 181-193, 2001.

19. Lim, C.-P., L.-W. Li, and M.-S. Leong, "Method of moments analysis of electrically large thin square and rectangular loop antennas: Near- and far-zone fields," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 34, 117-141, 2001.

20. Reza, A. W., T. K. Geok, K. J. Chia, and K. Dimyati, "RFID transponder collision control algorithm," Wireless Personal Communications, in press, DOI: 10.1007/s11277-010-9932-8 (available online), 2010.

© Copyright 2014 EMW Publishing. All Rights Reserved