PIER
 
Progress In Electromagnetics Research
ISSN: 1070-4698, E-ISSN: 1559-8985
Home | Search | Notification | Authors | Submission | PIERS Home | EM Academy
Home > Vol. 121 > pp. 453-468

POLARIZATION CHARACTERISTICS OF A PARTIALLY COHERENT GAUSSIAN SCHELL-MODEL BEAM IN SLANT ATMOSPHERIC TURBULENCE

By Y. Q. Li, Z.-S. Wu, and L. G. Wang

Full Article PDF (1,025 KB)

Abstract:
On the basis of the extended Huygens-Fresnel principle, the cross-spectral density matrix (CSDM) of partially coherent Gaussian Schell-model (GSM) beams in the slant atmospheric turbulence is derived. Given that the light emitted from a transmitter is elliptically polarized light, the degree of polarization (DoP) of the partially coherent GSM beams is represented by Stokes parameters expressed by the elements of the CSDM. The expressions of the orientation angle, polarized light intensity in the major axis are derived and the numerical results are presented. Depolarization theory is studied using a Mueller matrix and the depolarization index (DI) is obtained to describe the depolarized state of the partially coherent GSM beams propagating in the slant atmospheric turbulence. Results show that the DOP and DI of the beam tend to their initial value in the long-range propagation.

Citation:
Y. Q. Li, Z.-S. Wu, and L. G. Wang, "Polarization Characteristics of a Partially Coherent Gaussian Schell-Model Beam in Slant Atmospheric Turbulence," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 121, 453-468, 2011.
doi:10.2528/PIER11092201
http://www.jpier.org/PIER/pier.php?paper=11092201

References:
1. Zhang, Y. X., M. X. Tang, and C. K. Tao, "Partially coherent vortex beams propagation in a turbulent atmosphere," Chin. Opt. Lett., Vol. 3, 559-561, 2005.

2. Li, J. H., H. R. Zhang, and B. D. Lu, "Partially coherent vortex beams propagating through atmospheric turbulence and coherence vortex evolution," Optics & Laser Technology, Vol. 42, 428-433, 2010.

3. Ngo Nyobe, E. and E. Pemha, "Propagation of a laser beam through a plane and free turbulent heated air flow: Determination of the stochastic characteristics of the laser beam random direction and some experimental results ," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 53, 31-53, 2005.

4. Wang, F., Y. Cai, H. T. Eyyuboglu, and Y. K. Baykal, "Average intensity and spreading of partially coherent standard and elegant Laguerre-Gaussian beams in turbulent atmosphere," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 103, 33-56, 2010.

5. Li, J., Y. Chen, S. Xu, Y. Wang, M. Zhou, Q. Zhao, Y. Xin, and F. Chen, "Average intensity and spreading of partially coherent four-petal Gaussian beams in turbulent atmosphere ," Progress In Electromagnetics B, Vol. 24, 241-261, 2010.

6. Wei, H. Y. and Z. S. Wu, "Study on the effect of laser beam propagation on the slant path through atmospheric turbulence," Joural of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 22, No. 5-6, 787-802, 2008.

7. Wei, H.-Y., Z.-S.Wu, and . Ma, "Log-amplitude variance of laser beam propagation the slant path through turbulent atmosphere," Progress In Elenctromagnetics Research, Vol. 108, 277-291, 2010.

8. Wu, Z.-S., H.-Y. Wei, R.-K. Yang, and L.-X. Guo, "Study on scintillation considering inner- and outer-scales for laser beam propagation on the slant path through the atmospheric turbulence," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 80, 277-293, 2008.

9. Wu, Z.-S. and Y.-Q. Li, "Scattering of a partially coherent Gaussian-Schell beam from a diffuse target in slant atmospheric turbulence," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, Vol. 25, 2011.

10. Shyu, J.-J., C.-H. Chan, M.-W. Hsiung, P.-N. Yang, H.-W. Chen, and W.-C. Kuo, "Diagnosis of articular cartilage damage by polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography and the extracted optical properties ," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 91, 365-376, 2009.

11. Zhu, B., Z. Wang, C. Huang, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, and T. Jing, "Polarization insensitive metamaterial absorber with wide incident angle," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 101, 231-239, 2010.

12. Huang, L. and H. Chen, "Multi-band and polarization insensitive metamaterial absorber," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 113, 103-110, 2011.

13. Korotkova, O. and E. Wolf, "Changes in the state of polarization of a random electromagnetic beam on propagation," J. Opt. Commun., Vol. 246, 35-43, 2005.

14. Wolf, E., "Uni¯ed theory of coherence and polarization of random electromagnetic beams," J. Phys. Lett., Vol. A312, 263-267, 2003.

15. Ghafary, B. and M. Alavinejad, "Changes in the state of polarization of partially coherent flat-topped beam in turbulent atmosphere for different source conditions," J. Appl. Phys. B, Vol. 102, 945-952, 2011.

16. Gori, F., M. Santarsiero, S. Vicalvi, R. Borghi, and G. Guattari, "Beam coherence polarization matrix," Pure Appl. Opt., Vol. 7, 941-951, 1998.

17. Gori, F., M. Santarsiero, G. Piquero, A. Mondello, and R. Simon, "Partially polarized Gaussian Schell-model beams," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt., Vol. 3, 1-9, 2001.

18. Cai, Y., D. Ge, and Q. Lin, "Fractional fourier transform for partially coherent and partially polarized Gaussian Schell-model beams," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt., Vol. 5, 453-459, 2003.

19. Korotkova, O., M. Salem, and E. Wolf, "The far zone behavior of the degree of polarization of electromagnetic beams propagating through atmospheric turbulence," J. Opt. Commun., Vol. 233, 225-230, 2004.

20. Salem, M., O. Korotkova, A. Dogariu, and E. Wolf, "Polarization changes in partially coherent electromagnetic beams propagating through turbulence atmosphere," Waves in Random Media, Vol. 14, 513-523, 2004.

21. Sihvola, A., "Metamaterials and depolarization factors," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 51, 65-82, 2005.

22. Lin, G.-R., F.-S. Meng, and Y.-H. Lin, "Second-order scattering induced reflection divergence and nonlinear depolarization on randomly corrugated semiconductor nano-pillars," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 117, 67-81, 2011.

23. Wang, X. and L.-W. Li, "Numerical characterization of bistatic scattering from PEC cylinder partially embedded in a dielectric rough surface interface: Horizontal polarization," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 91, 35-51, 2009.

24. Hohn, D. H., "Depolarization of a Laser Beam at 6328 A due to Atmospheric Transmission," J. Appl. Opt., Vol. 8, 367-369, 1969.

25. Gil, J. J. and E. Bernabeu, "A depolarization criterion in Mueller matrices," Opt. Acta, Vol. 32, 259-261, 1985.

26. Gil, J. J. and E. Bernabeu, "Depolarization and polarization indices of an optical system," Opt. Acta, Vol. 33, 185-189, 1986.

27. Chipman, R. A., "Depolarization index and the average degree of polarization," J. Appl. Opt., Vol. 44, 2490-2495, 2005.

28. Zhu, S. and Y. Cai, "Degree of polarization of a twisted electromagnetic Gaussian Schell-model beam in a Gaussian cavity filled with gain media," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 21, 171-187, 2010.

29. Clifford, S. F. and H. T. Yura, "Equivalence of two theories of strong optical scintillation," J. Opt. Soc. Am., Vol. 64, 1641-1644, 1974.

30. Holmes, J. F., H. L. Myung, and J. R. Kerr, "Effect of the log-amplitude covariance function on the statistics of speckle propagation through the turbulent atmosphere," J. Opt. Soc. Am., Vol. 70, 355-360, 1979.

31. ITU-R. Document 3J/31-E, On propagation data and prediction methods required for the design of space-to-earth and earth-to-space optical communication systems, Vol. 206, 277-293 Radio Communication Study Group Meeting, Budapest, 2001.

32. Zhao, X. H., Y. Yao, Y. X. Sun, and C. Liu, "Condition for Gaussian Schell-model beam to maintain the state of polarization on the propagation in free space ," J. Opt. Soc. Am., Vol. 17, 88-94, 2009.


© Copyright 2014 EMW Publishing. All Rights Reserved