PIER
 
Progress In Electromagnetics Research
ISSN: 1070-4698, E-ISSN: 1559-8985
Home | Search | Notification | Authors | Submission | PIERS Home | EM Academy
Home > Vol. 124 > pp. 331-345

CHARACTERISTICS OF GUIDED MODES IN UNIAXIAL CHIRAL CIRCULAR WAVEGUIDES

By J.-F. Dong and J. Li

Full Article PDF (222 KB)

Abstract:
The characteristics of guided modes in the circular waveguide consist of uniaxial chiral medium have been investigated. The characteristic equation of guided modes is derived. The dispersion curves and energy flux of guided modes for three kinds of uniaxial chiral media are presented. Unusual dispersion characteristics and negative energy flux are found, i.e., backward wave is supported in the uniaxial chiral waveguide.

Citation:
J.-F. Dong and J. Li, "Characteristics of Guided Modes in Uniaxial Chiral Circular Waveguides," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 124, 331-345, 2012.
doi:10.2528/PIER11112312
http://www.jpier.org/PIER/pier.php?paper=11112312

References:
1. Tretyakov, S., I. Nefedov, A. Sihvola, S. Maslovski, and C. Simovski, "Waves and energy in chiral nihility," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 17, No. 5, 695-706, 2003.
doi:10.1163/156939303322226356

2. Pendry, J. B., "A chiral route to negative refraction," Science, Vol. 306, 1353-1355, 2004.
doi:10.1126/science.1104467

3. Tretyakov, S., A. Sihvola, and L. Jylhä, "Backward-wave regime and negative refraction in chiral composites," Photonics and Nanostructures, Vol. 3, No. 2--3, 107-115, 2005.
doi:10.1016/j.photonics.2005.09.008

4. Plum, E., J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, "Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality," Phys. Rev. B, Vol. 79, 035407, 2009.
doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.79.035407

5. Zhang, S., Y. Park, J. Li, X. Lu, W. Zhang, and X. Zhang, "Negative refractive index in chiral metamaterials," Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 102, 023901, 2009.
doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.023901

6. Zhou, J., J. Dong, B. Wang, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Negative refractive index due to chirality," Phys. Rev. B, Vol. 79, 121104(R), 2009.

7. Wiltshire, M. C. K., J. B. Pendry, and J. V. Hajnal, "Chiral Swiss rolls show a negative refractive index," J. Phys. Condens. Matter, Vol. 21, No. 29, 292201, 2009.
doi:10.1088/0953-8984/21/29/292201

8. Dong, J., J. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Bi-layer cross chiral structure with strong optical activity and negative refractive index," Optics Express, Vol. 17, No. 16, 14172-14179, 2009.
doi:10.1364/OE.17.014172

9. Li, J., F.-Q. Yang, and J. Dong, "Design and simulation of L-shaped chiral negative refractive index structure," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 116, 395-408, 2011.

10. Monzon, C. and D. W. Forester, "Negative refraction and focusing of circularly polarized waves in optically active media," Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 95, 123904, 2005.
doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.95.123904

11. Jin, Y. and S. He, "Focusing by a slab of chiral medium," Optics Express, Vol. 13, No. 13, 4974-4979, 2005.
doi:10.1364/OPEX.13.004974

12. Jin, Y., J. He, and S. He, "Surface polaritons and slow propagation related to chiral media supporting backward waves," Phys. Lett. A, Vol. 351, No. 4--5, 354-358, 2006.
doi:10.1016/j.physleta.2005.11.010

13. Dong, W., L. Gao, and C. W. Qiu, "Goos-Hänchen shift at the surface of chiral negative refractive media," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 90, 255-268, 2009.
doi:10.2528/PIER08122002

14. Dong, J. F., Z. J. Wang, L. L. Wang, and B. Liu, "Novel characteristics of guided modes in chiral negative refraction waveguides," Proceedings of International Symposium on Biophotonics, Nanophotonics and Metamaterials, Metamaterials 2006, 517-520, Oct. 2006.

15. Zhang, C. and T. J. Cui, "Chiral planar waveguide for guiding single-mode backward wave," Opt. Commun., Vol. 280, No. 2, 359-363, 2007.
doi:10.1016/j.optcom.2007.08.070

16. Dong, J. F., "Surface wave modes in chiral negative refraction grounded slab waveguides," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 95, 153-166, 2009.
doi:10.2528/PIER09062604

17. Dong, J. F. and J. Li, "Guided modes in the chiral negative refractive index fiber," Chinese Optics Letters, Vol. 8, No. 11, 1032-1036, 2010.
doi:10.3788/COL20100811.1032

18. Cheng, Q. and C. Zhang, "Waves in planar waveguide containing chiral nihility metamaterial," Opt. Commun., Vol. 276, No. 2, 317-321, 2007.
doi:10.1016/j.optcom.2007.04.053

19. Qiu, C.-W., N. Burokur, S. Zouhdi, and L.-W. Li, "Chiral nihility effects on energy flow in chiral materials," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, Vol. 25, 55-63, 2008.
doi:10.1364/JOSAA.25.000055

20. Dong, J. and C. Xu, "Characteristics of guided modes in planar chiral nihility metamaterial waveguides," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 14, 107-126, 2009.
doi:10.2528/PIERB09012201

21. Dong, J. F. and C. Xu, "Surface polaritons in planar chiral nihility metamaterial waveguides," Opt. Commun., Vol. 282, No. 19, 3899-3904, 2009.
doi:10.1016/j.optcom.2009.06.054

22. Dong, J., "Exotic characteristics of power propagation in the chiral nihility fiber," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 99, 163-178, 2009.
doi:10.2528/PIER09102801

23. Dong, J. F., "Guided and surface modes in chiral nihility fiber," Opt. Commun., Vol. 283, No. 4, 532-536, 2010.
doi:10.1016/j.optcom.2009.10.086

24. Dong, J., J. Li, and F.-Q. Yang, "Guided modes in the four-layer slab waveguide containing chiral nihility core," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 112, 241-255, 2011.

25. Tuz, V. R. and C.-W. Qiu, "Semi-infinite chiral nihility photonics: Parametric dependence, wave tunneling and rejection," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 103, 139-152, 2010.
doi:10.2528/PIER10030706

26. Ahmed, S. and Q. A. Naqvi, "Electromagnetic scattering from a chiral-coated nihility cylinder," Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters, Vol. 18, 41-50, 2010.
doi:10.2528/PIERL10072807

27. Cheng, X. X., H. S. Chen, X. M. Zhang, B. L. Zhang, and B.-I. Wu, "Cloaking a perfectly conducting sphere with rotationally uniaxial nihility media in monostatic radar system," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 100, 285-298, 2010.
doi:10.2528/PIER09112002

28. Naqvi, A., S. Ahmed, and Q. A. Naqvi, "Perfect electromagnetic conductor and fractional dual interface placed in a chiral nihility medium," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 24, No. 14--15, 1991-1999, 2010.

29. Naqvi, A., A. Hussain, and Q. A. Naqvi, "Waves in fractional dual planar waveguides containing chiral nihility metamaterial," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 24, No. 11--12, 1575-1586, 2010.
doi:10.1163/156939310792149614

30. Baqir, M. A., A. A. Syed, and Q. A. Naqvi, "Electromagnetic fields in a circular waveguide containing chiral nihility metamaterial," Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 16, 85-93, 2011.

31. Cheng, Q. and T. J. Cui, "Negative refractions in uniaxially anisotropic chiral media," Phys. Rev. B, Vol. 73, 113104, 2006.
doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.73.113104

32. Cheng, Q. and T. J. Cui, "Reflection and refraction properties of plane waves on the interface of uniaxially anisotropic chiral media," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, Vol. 23, No. 12, 3203-3207, 2006.
doi:10.1364/JOSAA.23.003203

33. Mahmoud, S. F. and A. J. Viitanen, "Modes in a hard surface waveguide with uniaxially anisotropic chiral material filling," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 39, 265-279, 2003.
doi:10.2528/PIER02111902

34. Qiu, R. C. and I.-T. Lu, "Guided waves in chiral optical fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, Vol. 11, No. 12, 3212-3219, 1994.
doi:10.1364/JOSAA.11.003212

35. Mahmoud, S. F., "Guided modes on open chirowaveguides," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., Vol. 43, No. 1, 205-209, 1995.
doi:10.1109/22.362990

36. Shadrivov, I. V., A. A. Sukhorukov, and Yu. S. Kivshar, "Guided modes in negative-refractive-index waveguides," Phys. Rev. E, Vol. 67, 057602, 2003.
doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.67.057602

37. Lindell, I. V. and S. Ilvonen, "Waves in a slab of uniaxial BW medium," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 16, No. 3, 303-318, 2002.
doi:10.1163/156939302X01164

38. Xu, G., T. Pan, T. Zhang, and J. Sun, "Characteristics of guided waves in indefinite-medium waveguides," Opt. Commun., Vol. 281, No. 10, 2819-2825, 2008.
doi:10.1016/j.optcom.2008.01.042

39. Lindell, I. V., A. H. Sihvola, S. A. Tretyakov, and A. J. Viitanen, Electromagnetic Waves in Chiral and Bi-Isotropic Media, Artech House, Boston, London, 1994.


© Copyright 2014 EMW Publishing. All Rights Reserved