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Progress In Electromagnetics Research
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A NOVEL IMAGE FORMATION ALGORITHM FOR HIGH-RESOLUTION WIDE-SWATH SPACEBORNE SAR USING COMPRESSED SENSING ON AZIMUTH DISPLACEMENT PHASE CENTER ANTENNA

By J. Chen, J. Gao, Y. Zhu, W. Yang, and P. Wang

Full Article PDF (284 KB)

Abstract:
High-resolution wide-swath (HRWS) imaging with spaceborne synthetic aperture radar (SAR) can be achieved by using azimuth displacement phase center antenna (DPCA) technique. However, it will consequently leads to extremely high data rate on satellite downlink system. A novel sparse sampling scheme based on compressed sensing (CS) theory for azimuth DPCA SAR was proposed, by which only a small proportion of radar echoes are utilized for imaging to reduce data rate. The corresponding image formation algorithm for the proposed scheme was presented in the paper. The SAR echo signal of each channel can be reconstructed with high probability by using orthogonal matching pursuit (OMP) algorithm in Doppler frequency domain. The reconstructed echo signals of each channel are jointly processed by means of spectrum reconstructing filter for compensating Doppler spectrum aliasing resulting from non-uniform sampling in azimuth direction. The high quality SAR image can be obtained by using chirp scaling algorithm. The effectiveness of the proposed approach was validated by computer simulations using both point targets and distributed targets.

Citation:
J. Chen, J. Gao, Y. Zhu, W. Yang, and P. Wang, "A Novel Image Formation Algorithm for High-Resolution Wide-Swath Spaceborne SAR Using Compressed Sensing on Azimuth Displacement Phase Center Antenna," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 125, 527-543, 2012.
doi:10.2528/PIER11121101
http://www.jpier.org/PIER/pier.php?paper=11121101

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