PIER
 
Progress In Electromagnetics Research
ISSN: 1070-4698, E-ISSN: 1559-8985
Home | Search | Notification | Authors | Submission | PIERS Home | EM Academy
Home > Vol. 126 > pp. 429-447

ANALYSIS OF CHARACTERISTICS OF TWO CLOSE STATIONARY HUMAN TARGETS DETECTED BY IMPULSE RADIO UWB RADAR

By Y. Li, X. Jing, H. Lv, and J. Wang

Full Article PDF (448 KB)

Abstract:
The detection and identification of multi-stationary human targets with IR-UWB radar is a new and important technology. This paper is focused on the detection and identification of two close stationary human targets by using monostatic IR-UWB radar with low center frequency. For this purpose, the characteristics of the radar echoes from two close stationary human targets are processed and analyzed. Furthermore, the effect that the interference behind the anterior target affects the signal of posterior target is represented, and the features of this interference are interpreted. According to the analyses, a method using adaptive cancellation is proposed to attenuate the interference and improve the detection and identification of two close stationary human targets. Series of experiments are done in different scenarios, and the results of the experiments are presented to demonstrate the validity of the method. It has been shown that the proposed method can attenuate the interference and make the detection and identification of multi-human targets more precise.

Citation:
Y. Li, X. Jing, H. Lv, and J. Wang, "Analysis of Characteristics of Two Close Stationary Human Targets Detected by Impulse Radio UWB Radar," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 126, 429-447, 2012.
doi:10.2528/PIER12011908
http://www.jpier.org/PIER/pier.php?paper=12011908

References:
1. Lazaro, A., D. Girbau, and R. Villarino, "Analysis of vital signs monitoring using an IR-UWB radar," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 100, 265-284, 2010.
doi:10.2528/PIER09120302

2. Rivera, N. V., S. Venkatesh, C. Anderson, and R. M. Buehrer, "Multi-target estimation of heart and respiration rates using ultra wideband sensors," 14th European Signal Processing Conference, 4-9, 2006.

3. Lazaro, A., D. Girbau, and R. Villarino, "Simulated and experimental investigation of microwave imaging using UWB," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 94, 263-280, 2009.
doi:10.2528/PIER09061004

4. AlShehri, S. A., S. Khatun, A. B. Jantan, R. S. A. Raja Abdullah, R. Mahmood, and Z. Awang, "3D experimental detection and discrimination of malignant and benign breast tumor using NN-based UWB imaging system," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 116, 221-237, 2011.

5. McGinley, B., M. O'Halloran, R. C. Concei?c~ao, G. Higgins, E. Jones, and M. Glavin, "The effects of compression on ultra wideband radar signals," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 117, 51-65, 2011.

6. Shaban, H. A., M. A. El-Nasr, and R. M. Buehrer, "Localization with sub-millimeter accuracy for UWB-based wearable human movement radar systems," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 25, No. 11-12, 1633-1644, 2011.
doi:10.1163/156939311797164918

7. Byrne, D., M. O'Halloran, E. Jones, and M. Glavin, "Support vector machine-based ultrawideband breast cancer detection system ," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 25, No. 13, 1807-1816, 2011.
doi:10.1163/156939311797454015

8. Bui, V. P., X.-C. Wei, and E. P. Li, "An efficient simulation technology for characterizing the ultra-wide band signal propagation in a wireless body area network," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 24, No. 17-18, 2575-2588, 2010.
doi:10.1163/156939310793675691

9. AlSHehri, S. A., S. Khatun, A. B. Jantan, R. S. A. Raja Abdullah, R. Mahmood, and Z. Awang, "Experimental breast tumor detection using nn-based UWB imaging," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 111, 447-465, 2011.
doi:10.2528/PIER10110102

10. Concei??o, R. C., M. O'Halloran, E. Jones, and M. Glavin, "Investigation of classifiers for early-stage breast cancer based on radar target signatures," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 105, 295-311, 2010.
doi:10.2528/PIER10051904

11. Crowgey, B. R., E. J. Rothwell, L. C. Kempel, and E. L. Mokole, "Comparison of UWB short-pulse and stepped-frequency radar systems for imaging through barriers," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 110, 403-419, 2010.
doi:10.2528/PIER10091306

12. Lv, H., G. H. Lu, X. J. Jing, and J. Q. Wang, "A new ultrawideband radar for detecting survivors bured under earthquake rubbles," Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, Vol. 52, No. 11, 2621-2624, 2010.
doi:10.1002/mop.25539

13. Zhu, F., S. C. S. Gao, A. T. S. Ho, T. W. C. Brown, J. Li, and J. D. Xu, "Low-profile directional ultra-wideband antenna for see-through-wall imaging applications," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 121, 121-139, 2011.
doi:10.2528/PIER11080907

14. Nezirovic, A. N., "Trapped-victim detection in post-disaster scenarios using ultra-wideband radar," Ph.D. Theses, Faculty Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science, 2010.

15. Jia, Y., L. Kong, and X. Yang, "A novel approach to target localization through unknown walls for through-the-wall radar imagin ," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 119, 107-132, 2011.
doi:10.2528/PIER11052402

16. Nag, S., M. A. Barnes, T. Tim, and W. H. Gary, "An ultrawideband through-wall radar for detecting the motion of people in real time," International Symposium on Laser Metrology Applied to Science, Industry, and Everyday Life, 48-57, 2002.

17. Greneker III, E. F., "Radar sensing of heartbeat and respiration at a distance with security applications," Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 3066, 22-27, 1997.
doi:10.1117/12.276106

18. Chiani, M., A. Giorgetti, M. Mazzotti, R. Minutolo, and E. Paolini, "Target detection metrics and tracking for UWB radar sensor networks ," IEEE International Conference on Ultra-Wideband, 2009, ICUWB 2009, 469-474, 2009.
doi:10.1109/ICUWB.2009.5288758

19. Akiyama, I., M. Enokito, and A. Ohya, Development of an UWB rescue radar system, Proceedings of International Conference of Infomation Processing and Management of Uncertainty in Knowledge-Based Systems, 2119-2126, 2006.

20. Ni, J., B. Chen, S. L. Zheng, X.-M. Zhang, X.-F. Jin, and H. Chi, "Ultra-wideband bandpass filter with notched band based on electrooptic phase modulator and phase-shift fiber Bragg grating ," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 24, No. 5-6, 795-802, 2010.
doi:10.1163/156939310791036395

21. Wei, F., L. Chen, Q.-Y. Wu, X.-W. Shi, and C.-J. Gao, "Compact UWB bandpass filter with narrow notch-band and wide stop-band," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 24, No. 7, 911-920, 2010.
doi:10.1163/156939310791285155

22. Xu, J., B. Li, H. Wang, C. Miao, and W. Wu, "Compact UWB bandpass filter with multiple ultra narrow notched bands," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 25, No. 7, 987-998, 2011.
doi:10.1163/156939311795254037

23. Huang, J.-Q., Q.-X. Chu, and C.-Y. Liu, "Compact UWB filter based on surface-coupled structure with dual notched bands," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 106, 311-319, 2010.
doi:10.2528/PIER10062203

24. Hsiao, P. Y. and R. M. Weng, "Compact tri-layer ultra-wideband bandpass filter with dual notch bands," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 106, 49-60, 2010.
doi:10.2528/PIER10040204


© Copyright 2014 EMW Publishing. All Rights Reserved