PIER
 
Progress In Electromagnetics Research
ISSN: 1070-4698, E-ISSN: 1559-8985
Home | Search | Notification | Authors | Submission | PIERS Home | EM Academy
Home > Vol. 127 > pp. 371-387

SYNTHESIS OF THINNED LINEAR AND PLANAR ANTENNA ARRAYS USING BINARY PSO ALGORITHM

By W.-B. Wang, Q. Feng, and D. Liu

Full Article PDF (373 KB)

Abstract:
Traditional optimization methods are not well suited for thinning large arrays to obtain a low sidelobe level (SLL). The chaotic binary particle swarm optimization (CBPSO) algorithm is presented as a useful alternative in the synthesis of thinned arrays. The proposed algorithm is improved by nonlinear inertia weight with chaotic mutation to increase the diversity of particles. Two examples have been proposed and solved. Simulation results compared with published results illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed method for both linear and planar arrays.

Citation:
W.-B. Wang, Q. Feng, and D. Liu, "Synthesis of thinned linear and planar antenna arrays using binary PSO algorithm," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 127, 371-387, 2012.
doi:10.2528/PIER12020301
http://www.jpier.org/pier/pier.php?paper=12020301

References:
1. Bucci, O. M., T. Isernia, and A. F. Morabito, "A deterministic approach to the synthesis of pencil beams through planar thinned arrays," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 101, 217-230, 2010.
doi:10.2528/PIER10010104

2. Haupt, R. L., "Thinned arrays using genetic algorithms," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 42, 993-999, 1994.
doi:10.1109/8.299602

3. Quevedo-Teruel, O. and E. Rajo-Iglesias, "Ant colony optimization in thinned array synthesis with minimum sidelobe level," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 5, 349-352, 2006.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2006.880693

4. Fernandez-Delgado, M., J. A. Rodriguez-Gonzalez, R. Iglesias,S. Barro, and F. J. Ares-Pena, "Fast array thinning using global optimization methods Applications," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and, Vol. 24, No. 16, 2259-2271, 2010.
doi:10.1163/156939310793699136

5. Liu, Y., Z.-P. Nie, and Q. H. Liu, "A new method for the synthesis of non-uniform linear arrays with shaped power patterns," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 107, 349-363, 2010.
doi:10.2528/PIER10060912

6. Lebret, H. and S. Boyd, "Antenna array pattern synthesis via convex optimization," IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, Vol. 45, 526-532, 1997.
doi:10.1109/78.558465

7. Wang, W.-B., Q.-Y. Feng, and D. Liu, "Application of chaotic particle swarm optimization algorithm to pattern synthesis of antenna arrays," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 115, 173-189, 2011.

8. Liu, D., Q.-Y. Feng, W.-B. Wang, and X. Yu, "Synthesis of unequally spaced antenna arrays by using inheritance learning particle swarm optimization," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 118, 205-221, 2011.
doi:10.2528/PIER11050502

9. Li, W.-T., Y.-Q. Hei, and X.-W. Shi, "Pattern synthesis of conformal arrays by a modified particle swarm optimization," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 117, 237-252, 2011.

10. Petko, J. S. and D. H. Werner, "Pareto optimization of thinned planar arrays with elliptical mainbeams and low sidelobe levels," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 59, 1748-1751, 2011.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2011.2122212

11. Oliveri, G., M. Donelli, and A. Massa, "Linear array thinning exploiting almost difference sets," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 57, 3800-3812, 2009.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2009.2027243

12. Oliveri, G., L. Manica, and A. Massa, "ADS-based guidelines for thinned planar arrays," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 58, 1935-1948, 2010.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2010.2046858

13. Zaharis, Z. D., D. G. Kampitaki, P. I. Lazaridis, A. I. Papastergiou, A. T. Hatzigaidas, and P. B. Gallion, "Improving the radiation characteristics of a base station antenna array using a particle swarm optimizer," Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, Vol. 49, 1690-1698, 2007.
doi:10.1002/mop.22505

14. Lanza, M., J. R. Perez, and J. Basterrechea, "Synthesis of planararrays using a modified particle swarm optimization algorithm by introducing a selection operator and elitism," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 93, 145-160, 2009.
doi:10.2528/PIER09041303

15. Goudos, S. K., Z. D. Zaharis, D. G. Kampitaki, I. T. Rekanos,and C. S. Hilas, "Pareto optimal design of dual-band base station antenna arrays using multi-objective particle swarm optimization with fitness sharing," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Vol. 45, 1522-1525, 2009.
doi:10.1109/TMAG.2009.2012695

16. Oliveri, G. and A. Massa, "Genetic algorithm (GA)-enhanced almost difference set (ADS)-based approach for array thinning," IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation, Vol. 5, 305-315, 2011.
doi:10.1049/iet-map.2010.0114

17. Mahanti, G. K., N. Pathak, and P. Mahanti, "Synthesis of thinned linear antenna arrays with fixed sidelobe level using real coded genetic algorithm," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 75, 319-328, 2010.

18. Zhang, L., Y.-C. Jiao, Z.-B. Weng, and F.-S. Zhang, "Design of planar thinned arrays using a boolean differential evolution algorithm," IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation, Vol. 4, 2172-2178, 2010.
doi:10.1049/iet-map.2009.0630

19. Rocca, P., G. Oliveri, and A. Massa, "Differential evolution as applied to electromagnetics," IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, Vol. 53, 38-49, 2011.
doi:10.1109/MAP.2011.5773566

20. Li, R., L. Xu, X.-W. Shi, N. Zhang, and Z.-Q. Lv, "Improved differential evolution strategy for antenna array pattern synthesis problems," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 113, 429-441, 2011.

21. Oliveri, G. and L. Poli, "Optimal sub-arraying of compromise planar arrays through an innovative ACO-weighted procedure," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 109, 279-299, 2010.
doi:10.2528/PIER10092008

22. Lin, C., A.-Y. Qing, and Q.-Y. Feng, "Synthesis of unequally spaced antenna arrays by using differential evolution,", Vol. 58, 2553-2561, 2010.

23. Mallipeddi, R., J. P. Lie, P. N. Suganthan, S. G. Razul, and C. M. S. See, "A differential evolution approach for robust adaptive beamforming based on joint estimation of look direction and array geometry," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 119, 381-394, 2011.
doi:10.2528/PIER11052205

24. Rodriguez-Gonzalez, J. A. and F. J. Ares-Pena, "Design of planar arrays composed by an active dipole above a ground plane with parasitic elements," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 119, 265-277, 2011.
doi:10.2528/PIER11071105

25. Razavi, A. and K. Forooraghi, "Thinned arrays using pattern search algorithms," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 78, 61-71, 2008.
doi:10.2528/PIER07081501

26. Chen, K.-S., X.-H. Yun, Z.-S. He, and C.-L. Han, "Synthesis of sparse planar arrays using modified real genetic algorithm," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 55, 1067-1073, 2007.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2007.893375

27. Kennedy, J. and R. C. Eberhart, "Particle swarm optimization," Proceedings of the Conference on Neural, 1942-1948, Perth, Australia,1995.

28. Modiri, A. and K. Kiasaleh, "Modification of real-number and binary PSO algorithms for accelerated convergence," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 59, 214-224, 2011.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2010.2090460

29. Kennedy, J. and R. C. Eberhart, "A discrete binary version of the particle swarm algorithm," Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, 4104-4108, Orlando, FL, USA,1997.

30. Menhas, M.-I., L. Wang, M.-R. Fei, and H. Pan, "Comparative performance analysis of various binary coded PSO algorithms in multivariable PID controller design," Expert Systems with Applications, Vol. 39, 4390-4401, 2012.
doi:10.1016/j.eswa.2011.09.152

31. Zaharis, Z. D. and T. V. Yioultsis, "A novel adaptive beamforming technique applied on linear antenna arrays using adaptive mutated Boolean PSO," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 117, 165-179, 2011.

32. Shi, X.-H. and R. C. Eberhart, "Empirical study of particle swarm optimization," Proceedings of the Congress on Evolutionary Computation, 1945-1950, Washington, D.C., USA,1999.

33. Chatterjee, A. and P. Siarry, "Nonlinear inertia weight variation for dynamic adaptation in particle swarm optimization," Computers & Operations Research, Vol. 33, 859-871, 2006.
doi:10.1016/j.cor.2004.08.012

34. Chuang, L.-Y., C.-H. Yang, and J.-C. Li, "Chaotic maps based on binary particle swarm optimization for feature selection," Applied Soft Computing, Vol. 11, 239-248, 2011.
doi:10.1016/j.asoc.2009.11.014

35. Dos Santos Coelho, L. and A. A. R. Coelho, "Model-free adaptive control optimization using a chaotic particle swarm approach," Chaos, Solitons and Fractals, Vol. 41, 2001-2009, 2009.
doi:10.1016/j.chaos.2008.08.004

36. He, Y.-Y., J.-Z. Zhou, X.-Q. Xiang, H. Chen, and H. Qin, "Comparison of different chaotic maps in particle swarm optimization algorithm for long-term cascaded hydroelectric system scheduling," Chaos, Solitons and Fractals, Vol. 42, 3169-3176, 2009.
doi:10.1016/j.chaos.2009.04.019

37. Shi, X.-H. and R. Eberhart, "A modified particle swarm optimizer," Proceedings of the Congress on Evolutionary Computation, 69-73, Anchorage, AK, USA,1998.

38. Xu, S. and R. S. Yahya, "Boundary conditions in particle swarm optimization revisited," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 55, 760-765, 2007.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2007.891562

39. Deligkaris, K. V., Z. D. Zaharis, D. G. Kampitaki, S. K. Goudos,I. T. Rekanos, and M. N. Spasos, "Thinned planar array design using Boolean PSO with velocity mutation," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Vol. 45, 1490-1493, 2009.
doi:10.1109/TMAG.2009.2012687


© Copyright 2014 EMW Publishing. All Rights Reserved