PIER
 
Progress In Electromagnetics Research
ISSN: 1070-4698, E-ISSN: 1559-8985
Home | Search | Notification | Authors | Submission | PIERS Home | EM Academy
Home > Vol. 132 > pp. 571-586

INTERFEROMETRIC ISAR IMAGING ON MARITIME TARGET APPLICATIONS: SIMULATION OF REALISTIC TARGETS AND DYNAMICS

By D. Felguera-Martin, J.-T. Gonzalez-Partida, and M. Burgos-Garcia

Full Article PDF (917 KB)

Abstract:
ISAR imaging of maritime targets has greater success than other ISAR applications due to the constant oscillatory motions induced by waves and wind. However, relative target motions are usually unknown, difficult focusing, image interpretation and target classification. Using interferometry to obtain the height information makes possible to obtain a 3-D reconstruction of a target, aiding image focusing, image interpretation and target classification. However, the information and utility of the ISAR image and the interferometric information depends highly on geometry and targets dynamics. In this paper we will study the influence of movement dynamics in interferometric ISAR imaging using a realistic extended moving target simulation, a general geometry and complex dynamics models.

Citation:
D. Felguera-Martin, J.-T. Gonzalez-Partida, and M. Burgos-Garcia, "Interferometric ISAR imaging on maritime target applications: simulation of realistic targets and dynamics," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 132, 571-586, 2012.
doi:10.2528/PIER12090802
http://www.jpier.org/PIER/pier.php?paper=12090802

References:
1. Wehner, D. R., High Resolution Radar, 484, Artech House, Inc., Norwood, MA, 1987.

2. Xu, X. and R. M. Narayanan, "Three-dimensional interferometric ISAR imaging for target scattering diagnosis and modeling," IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, Vol. 10, No. 7, 1094-2003, 2001.
doi:10.1109/83.931103

3. Ender, J. and A. Brenner, "PAMIR --- A wideband phased array SAR/MTI system," Radar, Sonar Navigation, IET, Vol. 150, No. 3, 165-172, 2003.
doi:10.1049/ip-rsn:20030445

4. Zhang, Y., W. Zhai, X. Zhang, X. Shi, X. Gu, and Y. Deng, "Ground moving train imaging by ku-band radar with two receiving channels," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 130, 493-512, 2012.

5. Essen, H., M. Hagelen, A. Wahlen, K. Schulz, K. Jager, and M. Hebel, "ISAR imaging of helicopters using millimeter wave radars," International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies , Vol. 1, No. 3, 171-178, 2009.
doi:10.1017/S1759078709000257

6. Wang, J. and D. Kasilinga, "Global range alignment for ISAR," IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, Vol. 39, No. 1, 351-357, 2003.
doi:10.1109/TAES.2003.1188917

7. Ender, J., L. Leushacke, A. Brenner, and H. Wilden, "Radar techniques for space situational awareness," Radar Symposium (IRS), 2011 Proceedings International, 21-26, Sept. 2011.

8. Munoz-Ferreras, J. M. and F. Perez-Martinez, "Pitch estimation for non-cooperative maritime targets in ISAR scenarios," Radar, Sonar Navigation, IET, Vol. 3, No. 5, 521-529, 2009.
doi:10.1049/iet-rsn.2008.0176

9. Martorella, M., "Novel approach for ISAR image cross-range scaling," IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, Vol. 44, No. 1, 281-294, 2008.
doi:10.1109/TAES.2008.4517004

10. Doerry, A. W., Ship dynamics for maritime ISAR imaging, Report SAND2008-1020, 32, Sandia National Laboratories, 2008.
doi:10.2172/929523

11. Ma, C.-Z., T. S. Yeo, H. S. Tan, G. Lu, "Interferometric isar imaging on squint model," Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters, Vol. 2, 125-133, 2008.
doi:10.2528/PIERL07111805

12. Felguera-Martín, D., J.-T. González-Partida, P. Almorox-González, M. Burgos-García, and B.-P. Dorta-Naranjo, "Interferometric inverse synthetic aperture radar experiment using an interferometric linear frequency modulated continuous wave millimetre-wave radar," Radar, Sonar Navigation, IET, Vol. 5, No. 1, 39-47, 2011.
doi:10.1049/iet-rsn.2009.0111

13. Wu, B.-I., M. C. Yeuing, Y. Hara, and J. A. Kong, "Insar height inversion by using 3-D phase projection with multiple baselines," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 91, 173-193, 2009.
doi:10.2528/PIER09020902

14. Park, J.-I. and K.-T. Kim, "A comparative study on ISAR imaging algorithms for radar target identification," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 108, 155-175, 2010.
doi:10.2528/PIER10071901

15. Li, H. J. and V. Chiou, "Aerospace target identification-comparison between the matching score approach and the neural network approach ," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 7, No. 6, 873-893, 1993.
doi:10.1163/156939393X00921

16. Li, H. J. and K. M. Li, "Application of wavelet transform in target identification," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 12, 57-73, 1996.

17. Seo, D.-K., K.-T. Kim, I.-S. Choi, and H.-T. Kim, "Wide-angle radar target recognition with subclass concept," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 44, 231-248, 2004.
doi:10.2528/PIER03060301

18. http://sketchup.google.com/3dwarehouse/details?mid=405772569eb4f248c1ccec171a275967&prevstart=0.

19. Rosen, P. A., S. Hensley, I. R. Joughin, F. K. Li, S. N. Madsen, E. Rodriguez, and R. M. Goldstein, "Synthetic aperture radar interferometry," Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 88, No. 3, 333-382, 2000.
doi:10.1109/5.838084

20. He, X.-Y., X.-B. Wang, X. Zhou, B. Zhao, and T.-J. Cui, "Fast isar image simulation of targets at arbitrary aspect angles using a novel sbr method ," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 28, 129-142, 2011.

21. Bhalla, R. and H. Ling, "ISAR image formation using bistatic computed from shooting and bouncing ray technique," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 7, No. 9, 1271-1287, 1993.
doi:10.1163/156939393X00255

22. García-Fernández, A. F., O. A. Yeste-Ojeda, and J. Grajal, "Facet model of moving targets for ISAR imaging and radar back-scattering simulation," IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, Vol. 46, No. 3, 1455-1467, 2010.
doi:10.1109/TAES.2010.5545200

23. Carrara, W. G. and R. S. Goodman, Spotlight Synthetic Aperture Radar, Signal Processing Algorithms, Artech House, Inc., 1995.

24. Mao, X., D.-Y. Zhu, and Z.-D. Zhu, "Signatures of moving target in polar format spotlight SAR image," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 92, 47-64, 2009.
doi:10.2528/PIER09030908

25. Ren, X.-Z., Y. Qin, and L. H. Qiao, "Interferometric properties and processing for spaceborne spotlight SAR," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 36, 267-381, 2012.
doi:10.2528/PIERB11090609

26. Li, C. and D.-Y. Zhu, "A residue-pairing algorithm for insar phase unwrapping," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 95, 341-354, 2009.
doi:10.2528/PIER09070706

27. Liu, C., X. Gao, W. Jiang, and X. Li, "Interferometric isar three-dimensional imaging using one antenna," Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 21, 33-45, 2011.
doi:10.2528/PIERM11070803

28. Chen, V. C. and W. J. Miceli, "Simulation of ISAR imaging of moving targets," IEE Proceedings on Radar, Sonar and Navigation, Vol. 148, No. 3, 160-166, 2001.
doi:10.1049/ip-rsn:20010384


© Copyright 2014 EMW Publishing. All Rights Reserved