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Progress In Electromagnetics Research
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PROPAGATION OF A LORENTZ-GAUSS VORTEX BEAM IN A TURBULENT ATMOSPHERE

By G. Zhou and G. Ru

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Abstract:
The propagation properties of a Lorentz-Gauss vortex beam in a turbulent atmosphere are investigated. Based on the extended Huygens-Fresnel integral, the Hermite-Gaussian expansion of a Lorentz function, etc., analytical expressions of the average intensity, effective beam size, and kurtosis parameter of a Lorentz-Gauss vortex beam are derived in the turbulent atmosphere. The spreading properties of a Lorentz-Gauss vortex beam in the turbulent atmosphere are numerically calculated and analyzed. The influences of the beam parameters on the propagation of a Lorentz-Gauss vortex beam in the turbulent atmosphere are examined in details. Upon propagation in the turbulent atmosphere, the vale in the normalized intensity distribution of a Lorentz-Gauss vortex beam gradually rises. The rising speed of the vale is opposite to the spreading of the beam spot. When the propagation distance reaches to a certain value, the Lorentz-Gauss vortex beam in the turbulent atmosphere becomes a flattened beam spot. When the propagation distance is large enough, the beam spot of the Lorentz-Gauss vortex beam tends to be a Gaussian-like distribution. This research is beneficial to optical communications and remote sensing that are involved in the single mode diode laser devices.

Citation:
G. Zhou and G. Ru, "Propagation of a Lorentz-Gauss Vortex Beam in a Turbulent Atmosphere," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 143, 143-163, 2013.
doi:10.2528/PIER13082703
http://www.jpier.org/PIER/pier.php?paper=13082703

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