PIER
 
Progress In Electromagnetics Research
ISSN: 1070-4698, E-ISSN: 1559-8985
Home | Search | Notification | Authors | Submission | PIERS Home | EM Academy
Home > Vol. 159 > pp. 27-37

MULTI-BAND ANTENNA ARRAY BASED ON DOUBLE NEGATIVE METAMATERIAL FOR MULTI AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS

By A. S. M. Alqadami, M. F. Jamlos, I. Islam, P. J. Soh, R. Mamat, K. A. Khairi, and A. Narbudowicz

Full Article PDF (3,253 KB)

Abstract:
This paper presents a design of multi-band array antenna based on Double Negative Metamaterial (DNM) unit cells for multi-automotive applications. The antenna consists of 4×4 rectangular and circular radiating patches connected in series using microstrip lines and fed by a 50 Ω corporate microstrip line. An array of 4×6 wire loaded complementary spiral resonator (CSR) unit cells is placed on its reverse side to provide miniaturization and multiband features to the proposed design. The reflection coefficient (S11), mutual coupling, effective diversity gain (EDG), envelope correlation coefficient (ECC), and radiation patterns are evaluated for four elements of the proposed antenna placed in four different locations on the car body model. Simulations and measurements indicated that the proposed antenna features a low mutual coupling (<-34 dB), low ECC (<0.0001), high EDG (>9.99), high efficiency (72%-95%), and low on-car detuning over the operating frequency bands. The proposed antenna covers five bands; 1.99 GHz to 3.03 GHz, 5.15 GHz to 6.369 GHz, 7.67 GHz to 7.99 GHz, 9.91 GHz to 10.23 GHz, and 11.79 GHz to 12.2 GHz. The performance of ECC between four antennas on car body has been investigated in different cases of isotropic, indoor, and outdoor. The metallic effect on antennas performance also has been investigated by evaluating the mutual coupling and transmission coefficient between two antennas served as transmitter and receiver with presence of car body. The results show transmission coefficient of proposed DNM antenna with metallic presence almost identical to free space across desired frequency bands. With all capabilities mentioned the antenna has potential for WiFi/WiMAX, Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V), transportable earth exploration satellite, military requirement for land vehicles, and earth stations on vessels applications.

Citation:
A. S. M. Alqadami, M. F. Jamlos, I. Islam, P. J. Soh, R. Mamat, K. A. Khairi, and A. Narbudowicz, "Multi-Band Antenna Array Based on Double Negative Metamaterial for Multi Automotive Applications," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 159, 27-37, 2017.
doi:10.2528/PIER16091203
http://www.jpier.org/PIER/pier.php?paper=16091203

References:
1. Bilgic, M. M. and K. Yegin, "Modified annular ring antenna for GPS and SDARS automotive applications," IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., Vol. 15, 1442-1445, 2016.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2015.2512558

2. Mondal, T., S. Samanta, R. Ghatak, and S. R. Bhadra Chaudhuri, "A novel tri-band hexagonal microstrip patch antenna using modified sierpinski fractal for vehicular communication," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 57, 25-34, 2015.
doi:10.2528/PIERC15021105

3. Zhou, Y., C.-C. Chen, and J. L. Volakis, "Dual band proximity-fed stacked patch antenna for tri-band GPS applications," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 55, No. 1, 220-223, 2007.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2006.888476

4. Rafaei Booket, M., A. Jafargholi, M. Kamyab, H. Eskandari, M. Veysi, and S. M. Mousavi, "Compact multi-band printed dipole antenna loaded with single-cell metamaterial," IET Micro., Antennas & Prop., Vol. 6, No. 1, 17-23, 2012.
doi:10.1049/iet-map.2010.0545

5. Sato, K., S. H. Yonak, T. Nomura, S. I. Matsuzawa, and H. Iizuka, "Metamaterials for automotive applications," IEEE Antenn. Propag. Soc. Inter. Symp., 1144-1147, Honolulu, HI, 2007.

6. Smith, D. R., W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, "Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity," Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 84, No. 18, 4184-4187, 2000.
doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.84.4184

7. Xie, Y. H., C. Zhu, L. Li, and C. H. Liang, "A novel dual-band metamaterial antenna based on complementary split ring resonators," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett., Vol. 54, 1007-1009, 2012.
doi:10.1002/mop.26715

8. Smith, D. R. and S. Schultz, "Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials fromreflection and transmission coefficients," Phys. Rev. B, Vol. 65, 195104, 2002.
doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.65.195104

9. Smith, D., D. Vier, T. Koschny, and C. Soukoulis, "Electromagnetic parameter retrieval frominhomogeneous metamaterials," Phys. Rev. E, Vol. 71, 036617, 2005.
doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.71.036617

10. Rabinovich, V. and N. Alexandrov, Antenna Arrays and Automotive Applications, Springer-Verlag, New York, 2013.
doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-1074-4

11. Koski, E., T. Bjorninen, L. Ukkonen, and L. Sydanheimo, "Radiation efficiency measurement method for passive UHF RFID dipole tag antennas," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 61, No. 8, 4026-4035, 2013.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2013.2261448

12. Singh, H. S., B. R. Meruva, G. K. Pandey, P. K. Bharti, and M. K. Meshram, "Low mutual coupling between MIMO antennas by using two folded shorting strips," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 53, 205-221, 2013.
doi:10.2528/PIERB13052305

13. Schwartz, M., W. R. Bennett, and S. Stein, Communication System and Techniques, 470-474, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, USA, 1965.

14. Kim, J. K., I. Y. Oh, T. W. Koo, J. C. Kim, D. S. Kim, and J. G. Yook, "Effects of a metal plane on a meandered slot antenna for UHF RFID applications," Journal of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, Vol. 12, No. 2, 176-184, 2012.
doi:10.5515/JKIEES.2012.12.2.176


© Copyright 2014 EMW Publishing. All Rights Reserved