Progress In Electromagnetics Research B
ISSN: 1937-6472
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By R. A. Formato

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New methods are presented for increasing the bandwidth of wire antennas using impedance loading. This paper extends the seminal Wu-King theory of the internal impedance profile that produces travellingwave only current modes on a center-fed dipole antenna. It also presents a numerical optimization methodology based on Central Force Optimization, a new deterministic multidimensional search and optimization metaheuristic useful for problems in applied electromagnetics. A CFOoptimized loaded monopole antenna is described in detail and compared to the same structure loaded with a fractional Wu-King profile. The CFO monopole generally performs better than other designs using either the full or fractional Wu-King profiles or the extended Wu-King profiles. The methods described in this paper should be useful in any wire antenna design that utilizes impedance loading to increase bandwidth.

R. A. Formato, "New Techniques for Increasing Antenna Bandwidth with Impedance Loading," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 29, 269-288, 2011.

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