PIER B
 
Progress In Electromagnetics Research B
ISSN: 1937-6472
Home | Search | Notification | Authors | Submission | PIERS Home | EM Academy
Home > Vol. 48 > pp. 23-42

LOW-GRAZING ANGLE TARGET DETECTION AND SYSTEM CONFIGURATION OF MIMO RADAR

By J. Ding, H. W. Chen, H. Wang, X. Li, and Z. Zhuang

Full Article PDF (320 KB)

Abstract:
In this paper, we focus on target detection and system configuration optimization of Multiple-input Multiple-output (MIMO) radar in low-grazing angle, where the multipath effects are very abundant. The performance of detection can be improved via utilizing the multipath echoes. First, the reflection coefficient, considering the curved earth effect, is derived. Then, the general signal model for MIMO radar is introduced for low-grazing angle. Using the Neyman-Pearson sense, the detector of MIMO radar with multipath is analyzed. We use the deflection coefficient as a criterion of system configuration both for MIMO radar and phased-array radar. The simulation results show that the performance can be enhanced markedly when the multipath effects are considered, and the optimal configuration of phased-array radar is with the same number of transmitters as that of receivers, however, the optimal configuration of MIMO radar depends on the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR).

Citation:
J. Ding, H. W. Chen, H. Wang, X. Li, and Z. Zhuang, "Low-Grazing Angle Target Detection and System Configuration of MIMO Radar," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 48, 23-42, 2013.
doi:10.2528/PIERB12120201

References:
1. Li, J. and P. Stoica, "MIMO radar with colocated antennas: Review of some recent work," IEEE Signal Process. Mag., Vol. 24, No. 5, 106-114, 2007.

2. Haimovich, A. M., R. S. Blum, and L. Cimini, "MIMO radar with widely separated antennas," IEEE Signal Process. Mag., Vol. 21, No. 1, 116-129, 2008.

3. Qu, Y., G. Liao, S.-Q. Zhu, X.-Y. Liu, and H. Jiang, "Performance analysis of beamforming for MIMO radar," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 84, 123-134, 2008.

4. Hatam, M., A. Sheikhi, and M. A. Masnadi-Shirazi, "Target detection in pulse-train MIMO radars applying ICA algorithms," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 122, 413-435, 2012.

5. Chen, J., Z. Li, and C.-S. Li, "A novel strategy for topside ionosphere sounder based on spaceborne MIMO radar with FDCD," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 116, 381-393, 2011.

6. Huang, Y., P. V. Brennan, D. Patrick, I. Weller, P. Roberts, and K. Hughes, "FMCW based MIMO imaging radar for maritime navigation," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 115, 327-342, 2011.

7. Bekkerman, I. and J. Tabrikian, "Target detection and localization using MIMO radars and sonars," IEEE Trans. on Signal Process., Vol. 54, No. 10, 3873-3883, 2006.

8. Forsythe, K., D. Bliss, and G. Fawcett, "Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) radar: Performance issues," 38th Asilomar Conf. Signal, Syst., Comput., 310-315, Pacific Groove, CA, Nov. 2004.

9. Zhou, W., J. T. Wang, H. W. Chen, and X. Li, "Signal model and moving target detection based on MIMO Synthetic Aperture Radar," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 31, 311-329, 2012.

10. Stoica, P., J. Li, and Y. Xie, "On probing signal design for MIMO radar," IEEE Trans. on Signal Process., Vol. 55, No. 8, 1451-1461, 2007.

11. Li , J. and P. Stoica Eds., MIMO Radar Signal Processing, Wiley, New York, 2008.

12. Lehmann, N., A. Haimovich, R. Blum, and L. Cimini, "Target velocity estimation and antenna placement for MIMO radar with widely separated antennas," 40th Asilomar Conf. Signals, Syst. Comput., 25-30, Pacific Groove, CA, 2006.

13. Godrich, H., V. Chiriac, A. Haimovich, and R. Blum, "Target tracking in MIMO radar systems: Techniques and performance analysis," IEEE Radar Conf., 1111-1116, 2010.

14. Fishler, E., A. Haimovich, and R. Blum, "Spatial diversity in radars-models and detection performance," IEEE Trans. on Signal Process., Vol. 54, No. 3, 823-838, 2006.

15. Jin, Y., J. M. F. Moura, and N. O'Donoughue, "Time reversal in multiple-input multiple-output radar," IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal Processing, Vol. 4, No. 1, 210-225, 2010.

16. Barton, D. K., "Low angle tracking," IEEE Proceeding, Vol. 62, No. 6, 210-225, 1974.

17. Silon, S. L. and B. D. Carlson, "Radar detection in multipath," IEE Proc. Radar, Sonar and Navigation, Vol. 146, No. 1, 45-54, 1999.

18. Sen, S. and A. Nehorai, "Adaptive OFDM radar for target detection in multipath scenarios," IEEE Trans. on Signal Process., Vol. 59, No. 1, 78-90, 2011.

19. White, W., "Low-angle radar tracking in the presence of multipath," IEEE Trans. on Aerosp. Electron. Syst., Vol. 10, No. 6, 835-852, 1974.

20. Mrstik, A. and P. Smith, "Multipath limitations on low-angle radar tracking," IEEE Trans. on Aerosp. Electron. Syst., Vol. 14, No. 1, 85-102, 1978.

21. Bar-Shalom, Y., A. Kumar, W. Blair, and G. Groves, "Tracking low elevation targets in the presence of multipath propagation," IEEE Trans. on Aerosp. Electron. Syst., Vol. 30, No. 3, 973-979, 1994.

22. He, Q., R. Blum, H. Godrich, and A. Haimovich, "Target velocity estimation and antenna placement for MIMO radar with widely separated antennas," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Signal Process., Vol. 4, No. 1, 79-100, 2010.

23. Chen, H. W., X. Li, J. Yang, W. Zhou, and Z. W. Zhuang, "Effects of geometry configurations on ambiguity properties for bistatic MIMO radar," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 30, 117-133, 2011.

24. Li, J., L. Xu, P. Stoica, K. W. Forsythe, and D. W. Bliss, "Range compression and waveform optimization for MIMO radar: A Cramer-Rao bound based study," EEE Trans. on Signal Process., Vol. 56, No. 1, 218-232, 2008.

25. Tang, J., Y. Wu, Y. Peng, and X. Wang, "On detection performance and system configuration of MIMO radar," Sci. China Ser. F --- Inf. Sci., Vol. 52, No. 7, 1250-1257, 2009.

26. Lo, T. and J. Litva, "Use of a highly deterministic multipath signal model in low-angle tracking," IEE Proc. F --- Radar and Signal Processing, Vol. 138, No. 2, 163-171, 1991.

27. Freehafer, J. E., W. T. Fishback, W. H. Furry, and D. E. Kerr, "Theory of propagation in a horizontal stratified atmosphere," Propagation of Short Radio Waves, 27-180, McGraw-Hill, 1951.

28. Shirman, Y. D., S. P. Leshchenko, and V. M. Orlenko, "Wideband radar (advantages and problems)," 2004 Second International Workshop, 71-76, 2004.


© Copyright 2010 EMW Publishing. All Rights Reserved