Progress In Electromagnetics Research C
ISSN: 1937-8718
Home | Search | Notification | Authors | Submission | PIERS Home | EM Academy
Home > Vol. 23 > pp. 15-25


By S. Lin, L.-N. Wang, W. B. Zhang, C.-F. Zhou, X.-Q. Zhang, and J.-X. Wang

Full Article PDF (332 KB)

A method to improve the gain of axial-mode helical antenna is proposed. This method involves a parasitical circular metal disk, which is installed on the front of general axial-mode helical antenna and is apart from the helical line. A circular current whose phase lags behind that of helical line current appears, which brings a more concentrated radiation field. Consequently, the antenna gain is improved. Based on the simulation results, an antenna array model fed independently is proposed. This model gives an excellent explanation of the radiation characteristic of helical antenna. Both the simulation and experiment results show that for obtaining the same gain, the antenna length in this new method is only 71% of that in traditional helical antenna. The reduction of antenna length favors the miniaturization of antenna. In addition, this method has little effect on the bandwidth of antenna, so it can be widely used in the design of helical antenna element and array.

S. Lin, L.-N. Wang, W. B. Zhang, C.-F. Zhou, X.-Q. Zhang, and J.-X. Wang, "High Gain Axial-Mode Helical Antenna with Circular Metal Disk," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 23, 15-25, 2011.

1. Hui, H. T., E. K. N. Yung, C. L. Law, Y. S. Koh, and W. L. Koh, "Design of a small and low-profile 2×2 hemispherical helical antenna array for mobile satellite communications," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 52, No. 1, 346-348, 2004.

2. Li, X.-Q., Q.-X. Liu, X.-J. Wu, L. Zhao, J.-Q. Zhang, and Z.-Q. Zhang, "A GW level high-power radial line helical array antenna," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 56, No. 9, 2943-2948, 2008.

3. Hassan, S. I. S., M. F. Ah, and A. R. Arief, Four beams helical antenna array for mobile satellite application, 2004 RF and Microwave Conference, 53-55, Subang, Selangor, Malaysia, 2004.

4. Yang, F., P. Zhang, C.-J. Guo, and J.-D. Xu, "Axial-mode elliptical helical antenna with variable pitch angle," Electronics Letters, Vol. 44, No. 19, 1103-1104, 2008.

5. Sun, D. Y., "Design of reflector antenna fed by backfire helix," Spacecraft Engineering, Vol. 17, No. 2, 59-62, 2008 (in Chinese).

© Copyright 2010 EMW Publishing. All Rights Reserved