PIER C
 
Progress In Electromagnetics Research C
ISSN: 1937-8718
Home | Search | Notification | Authors | Submission | PIERS Home | EM Academy
Home > Vol. 27 > pp. 197-207

A 20-31 GHz HIGH IMAGE REJECTION RATIO SUBHARMONIC MIXER

By Y.-C. Lee, C.-H. Liu, S.-H. Hung, C.-C. Su, and Y.-H. Wang

Full Article PDF (625 KB)

Abstract:
A broadband monolithic image rejection subharmonic mixer using a standard 0.18 μm CMOS technology is proposed. This circuit is composed of a band-pass filter with an intermediate frequency (IF) extraction function that can simplify the block diagram of the image rejection mixer. The entire passive circuit is constructed using a broadside coupling structure to achieve a high level of integration. Based on measured results, the proposed mixer exhibits conversion loss of 15.5-18.5 dB at a local oscillator (LO) power of 13 dBm, whereas the 3 dB bandwidth ranges from 20 to 31 GHz (43.1%) with a miniature chip dimension of 0.77×0.81 mm2. The LO-to-radio frequency (RF), 2LO-to-RF, and RF-to-IF isolation levels are higher than 22.5, 42.9, and 34.5 dB, respectively. The best image rejection ratio of 29 dBc with 20° phase compensation at 24.5 GHz can be achieved.

Citation:
Y.-C. Lee, C.-H. Liu, S.-H. Hung, C.-C. Su, and Y.-H. Wang, "A 20-31 GHz High Image Rejection Ratio Subharmonic Mixer," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 27, 197-207, 2012.
doi:10.2528/PIERC12011115

References:
1. Lai, , Y.-A., , S.-H. Hung, C.-N. Chen, and Y.-H. Wang, "A miniature millimeter-wave monolithic star mixer with simple IF extraction circuit ," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 23, No. 17--18, 2433-2440, 2009.

2. Guo, J., , Z. Xu, C. Qian, and W. Dou, , "Design of a microstrip balanced mixer for satellite communication," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 115, , 289-301, 2011.

3. Zhang, , B., , Y. Fan, Z. Chen, X.-F Yang, and F.-Q. Zhong, , "An improved 110{130-GHZ ¯x-tuned subharmonic mixer with compact microstrip resonant cell structure," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications , Vol. 25, No. 2--3, 411-420, , 2011.
doi:10.1163/156939311794362830

4. Kawakami, , K., , M. Shimozawa, H. Ikematsu, K. Itoh, Y. Isota, and O. Ishida, "A millimeter-wave broadband monolithic even harmonic image rejection mixer," IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium Digest, Vol. 3, 1443-1446, 1998.

5. Macedo, J. A. and M. A. Copeland, "A 1.9-GHz silicon receiver with monolithic image filtering,", Vol. 33, 378-386, , 1998.

6. Phan, , A. T., , C. W. Kim, C. Y. Cha, M. S. Kang, S. G. Lee, C. D. Su, and H. T. Kim, "A low noise image rejection down CMOS mixer," MWSCAS, Vol. 3, 327-330, 2004.

7. Liang, , C. P., , P. Z Rao, T. J Huang, and S. J. Chung, "A 2.45/5.2 GHz image rejection mixer with new dual-band active notch filter," IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett., Vol. 19, No. 11, 716{-718, , 2009.
doi:10.1109/LMWC.2009.2032013

8. Meng, , C. C., , T. H. Wu, J. S. Syu, S. W. Yu, K. C. Tsung, and Y.-H. Teng, "2.4/5.7-GHz CMOS dual-band low-IF architecture using Weaver-Hartley image-rejection techniques ," IEEE Trans. on Microw. Theory and Tech., Vol. 57, No. 3, 552-561, 2009.
doi:10.1109/TMTT.2008.2012300

9. Gunnarsson, , S. E., , D. Kuylenstierna, and H. Zirath, "Analysis and design of millimeter-wave FET-based image reject mixers," IEEE Trans. on Microw. Theory and Tech., Vol. 55, No. 10, 2065-2074, 2007.
doi:10.1109/TMTT.2007.905480

10. Chiou, , H. K., , W. R. Lian, and T. Y. Yang, "A miniature Q-band balanced sub-harmonically pumped image rejection mixer," IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett., Vol. 17, No. 6, , 463-465, 2007.
doi:10.1109/LMWC.2007.897849

11. Singh, , P. K., , S. Basu, and Y.-H. Wang, "Integrated compact broad Ka-band sub-harmonic single sideband up-converter MMIC," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 8, 179-194, 2009.
doi:10.2528/PIERC09060807

12. Gavell, M., , M. Ferndahl, S. E. Gunnarsson, M. Abbasi, and H. Zirath, "An image reject mixer for high-speed E-band (7176 8186 GHz) wireless communication, ," Proc. IEEE CSIC Symp. Dig., 14, , 2009.

13. Fujii, , K. and H. Morkner, "A 630 GHz image-rejection distributed resistive MMIC mixer in a low cost surface mount package," IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium Digest, , 37-40, 2005.
doi:10.1109/MWSYM.2005.1516514

14. Chien, , W. C., , C. M. Lin, Y. H. Chang, and Y. H. Wang, "A 9{21 GHz miniature monolithic image reject mixer in 0.18-um CMOS technology,"," Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters, Vol. 17, , 105-114, 2010..
doi:10.2528/PIERL10072602

15. Wu, , C. Y. , C. Y. Chou, and , "A 5-GHz CMOS double-quadrature receiver front-end with single-stage quadrature generator," IEEE J. Solid- State Circuits, Vol. 39, No. 3, 519-521, , 2004.
doi:10.1109/JSSC.2003.822779

16. Kim, , C. W. and S. G. Lee, "A 5.25-GHz image rejection RF front-end receiver with polyphase filters," IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett., Vol. 16, No. 5, 302-304, , 2006..
doi:10.1109/LMWC.2006.873482


© Copyright 2010 EMW Publishing. All Rights Reserved