PIER C
 
Progress In Electromagnetics Research C
ISSN: 1937-8718
Home | Search | Notification | Authors | Submission | PIERS Home | EM Academy
Home > Vol. 39 > pp. 193-207

SWITCHED-BEAM ANTENNA FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK NODES

By L. Catarinucci, S. Guglielmi, L. Patrono, and L. Tarricone

Full Article PDF (683 KB)

Abstract:
Directional and switched-beam antennas in wireless sensor networks are becoming increasingly appealing due to the possibility to reduce transmission power and consequently extend sensor node lifetime. In this work a reconfigurable beam-steering antenna is proposed for Wireless Sensor Network applications in the ISM band (f=2.4-2.4835 GHz). The proposed radiating structure consists of a vertical half-wave dipole antenna and eight microstrip antennas composed of a rectangular two-element patch antenna array. These microstrip antennas have a directional radiation pattern in the azimuth plane with a HPBW of nearly 60 degrees. A control circuit consisting of a transmission line, RF-switches and a 4:16 multiplexer has been designed in order to dynamically switch among nine radiation patterns, eight directional and one omnidirectional. Simulations and experimental results, referred to a low-cost realization on a FR4 substrate with a thickness of 1.6 mm, demonstrate appreciable performance.

Citation:
L. Catarinucci, S. Guglielmi, L. Patrono, and L. Tarricone, "Switched-Beam Antenna for Wireless Sensor Network Nodes," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 39, 193-207, 2013.
doi:10.2528/PIERC13030707

References:
1. Anastasi, G., M. Conti, M. Francesco, and A. Passarella, "Energy conservation in wireless sensor networks: A survey," Ad Hoc Networks, Vol. 7, No. 3, 537-568, 2009.
doi:10.1016/j.adhoc.2008.06.003

2. Girban, G. and M. Popa, "A glance on WSN lifetime and relevant factors for energy consumption," Computational Cybernetics and Technical Informatics (ICCC-CONTI), 2010.

3. Chen, Y. and Q. Zhao, "On the lifetime of wireless sensor networks," IEEE Communications Letters, Vol. 9, No. 11, 2005.

4. Catarinucci, L., R. Colella, and L. Tarricone, "A cost-effective UHF RFID tag for transmission of generic sensor data in wireless sensor networks," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol. 57, No. 5, Part 2, 1291-296, 2009.

5. Catarinucci, L., "A new enhanced UHF RFID sensor-tag," Proc. of the 5th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, EUCAP 2011, Rome, Italy, Apr. 2011.

6. Catarinucci, L., R. Colella, and L. Tarricone, "Optimized antennas for enhanced RFID sensor tags," Proc. of IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society, AP-S International Symposium (Digest), Spokane, Washington, Jul. 2011.

7. Catarinucci, L., R. Colella, and L. Tarricone, "Enhanced UHF RFID sensor-tag," IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters, Vol. 23, No. 1, 49-51, Jan. 2013.
doi:10.1109/LMWC.2012.2234092

8. Catarinucci, L., R. Colella, A. Esposito, L. Tarricone, and M. Zappatore, "RFID sensor-tags feeding a context-aware rule-based healthcare monitoring system," Journal of Medical Systems (JOMS), Vol. 36, No. 6, 3435-3449, Springer, 2011.
doi:10.1007/s10916-011-9794-y

9. Giorgetti, G., A. Cidronali, S. K. S. Gupta, and G. Manes, "Exploiting low-cost directional antennas in 2.4 GHz IEEE 802.15.4 wireless sensor networks," Proceedings of the 10th European Conference on Wireless Technology, 2007.

10. Lai, M.-I., T.-Y. Wu, J.-C. Hsieh, C.-H. Wang, and S.-K. Jeng, "Pattern reconfigurable antenna for a wireless sensor network sink node," Microwave Conference Proceedings (APMC), 2010.

11. Lai, M.-I., T. Y. Wu, J. C. Hsieh, C. H. Wang, and S. K. Jeng, "Compact switched-beam antenna employing a four-element slot antenna array for digital home applications," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 56, No. 9, 2929-2936, 2008.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2008.928775

12. Chang, D.-C., B.-H. Zeng, and J.-C. Liu, "Reconfigurable angular diversity antenna with quad corner reflector arrays for 2.4 GHz applications," IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation, Vol. 3, No. 3, 522-528, 2009.
doi:10.1049/iet-map.2008.0119

13. Zhang, S., G. H. Huff, and J. T. Bernhard, "A pattern reconfigurable microstrip parasitic array," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 52, No. 10, 2773-2776, 2004.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2004.834372

14. Collin, E., Foundation of Microwave Engineering, McGraw Hill, New York, 2007.

15. Wadell, B. C., "Transmission Line Design Handbook," Artech House Microwave Library, 1991.

16. Garg, R., P. Bhartia, I. Bahl, and A. Ittipiboon, Microstrip Antenna Design Handbook (Artech House Antennas and Propagation Library), Artech House Microwave Library, 2001.

17. Balanis, C. A., Antenna Theory: Analysis and Design, 3rd Ed., John Wiley & Sons, 1997.


© Copyright 2010 EMW Publishing. All Rights Reserved