PIER Letters
Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters
ISSN: 1937-6480
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By H. Wang, B.-K. Ou, K.-W. Tam, and W. Wu

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A compact decoupling network for enhancing the ports isolation of two coupled antennas is proposed in this letter. Parallel coupled lines (PCLs) and transmission lines (TLs) with different electrical lengths are considered to control the magnitude and phase of this decoupling network, respectively. The coupling coefficient of the PCLs is adjusted with various line widths and coupled gaps so that the magnitude of this network will be equal to that of the coupled antennas. And the electrical length of the series TLs can be controlled to make the signals of coupled antennas and decoupling network out of phase. Thus, the mutual coupling between the coupled antennas can be canceled. A prototype is fabricated on a RO4003 print circuit board (PCB) for demonstration. The measured results agree quiet well with the simulation ones. High antenna isolation and good matching are simultaneously achieved at the center frequency, i.e., 925 MHz for global system mobile communications (GSM) which shows the compact decoupling network is suitable for reducing the isolation of size limited multi-antenna systems.

H. Wang, B.-K. Ou, K.-W. Tam, and W. Wu, "A Novel Decoupling Network Using Parallel Coupled Lines for Increasing the Port Isolation of Two Coupled Antennas," Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters, Vol. 42, 109-118, 2013.

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