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Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters
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LOW-PROFILE WIDEBAND CIRCULARLY POLARIZED PATCH ANTENNA USING ASYMMETRIC FEEDING

By Y.-T. Wan, F.-S. Zhang, D. Yu, W.-F. Chen, and T. Li

Full Article PDF (524 KB)

Abstract:
A low-profile wideband circularly polarized aperture stacked patch (ASP) antenna without air dielectric layers is presented. The new circular ASP antenna, which is fed by two orthogonal dual-offset lines through an asymmetric crossed slot, delivers a wide bandwidth of 80% for the 10-dB return loss and similar input impedance characteristics for the two ports. Then, a novel broadband 90° hybrid feed network is employed to achieve good impedance matching, balanced power splitting and consistent 90° (±9°) phase shifting across the wide operating band. The two unbalanced feed lines are connected to the respective ports of the feed network comprising a three-section Wilkinson power divider and a broadband 90° phase shifter. It is found that the proposed antenna can achieve a measured impedance bandwidth of 91.3% (2.44-6.54 GHz), a measured 3-dB axial ratio (AR) bandwidth of 86.4% (2.5-6.3 GHz), and a measured gain bandwidth of 60.9% from 3.2 to 6.0 GHz for the gain >4 dBic. In addition, a comparison between the proposed wideband CP antenna and related wideband CP and ASP antennas in the literature is made.

Citation:
Y.-T. Wan, F.-S. Zhang, D. Yu, W.-F. Chen, and T. Li, "Low-Profile Wideband Circularly Polarized Patch Antenna Using Asymmetric Feeding," Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters, Vol. 48, 21-26, 2014.
doi:10.2528/PIERL14060506

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