Progress In Electromagnetics Research M
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By K. Chen, C.-Y. Chu, and Y.-C. Tzeng

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Combining a two-year measurement and numerical approach, a semi-empirical model has been developed for prediction of rain attenuation at Ka-band in northern Taiwan. This was done using the drop size distribution (DSD) measurement and the extinction coefficient calculated by T-matrix, followed by regressing with rain attenuation measurements in all seasons. The attenuation due to rain can be estimated by calculating the extinction coefficient over all of the rain drops within the antenna beam volume. Comparing with the measured data demonstrates that the proposed model proves sufficiently accurate for Ka-band signal attenuation in site specific. For purpose of cross reference, we also compared the proposed model with Crane and ITU-R-P838 rain attenuation models. The RMS error and chi-square test shows that the proposed semi-empirical model has better performance to predicted rain attenuation than Crane and ITU-RP383 models, implied that both model predictions may not be quite reliable in some specific areas. Analysis suggests that seasonal effects are strong in signal attenuation due to rain types. It means that rain rate itself is not a quite reliable enough to be the single parameter in the rain attenuation model.

K. Chen, C.-Y. Chu, and Y.-C. Tzeng, "A Semi-Empirical Model of Rain Attenuation at Ka-Band in Northern Taiwan," Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 16, 213-223, 2011.

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