Vol. 31

Front:[PDF file] Back:[PDF file]
Latest Volume
All Volumes
All Issues

Terrain Height Estimation Using a Stereo-SAR Technique Aided by a Reference Point

By Kung-Yu Lu and Jean-Fu Kiang
Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 31, 1-11, 2013


A stereo-synthetic aperture radar (stereo-SAR) technique is proposed to estimate the terrain height of a target area. A reference point with known altitude is located within the target area to calibrate the height estimation. The estimated height error can be reduced to one meter. This method requires the processing techniques of conventional SAR, while achieving a fairly fine resolution in height estimation for practical applications.


Kung-Yu Lu and Jean-Fu Kiang, "Terrain Height Estimation Using a Stereo-SAR Technique Aided by a Reference Point," Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 31, 1-11, 2013.


    1. Stimson, G. W., Introduction to Airborne Radar, 2nd Ed., SciTech, 1998.

    2. Soumekh, M., Synthetic Aperture Radar Signal Processing with MATLAB Algorithms, Wiley-Interscience, 1999.

    3. Cumming, I. G. and F. H. Wong, "Digital Processing of Synthetic Aperture Radar Data Algorithms and Implementation," Artech House, 2005.

    4. Chen, L.-C. L.-Y. Chang, "Three-dimensional positioning using SPOT stereo strips with sparse control," J. Surveying Eng., Vol. 124, No. 2, 63-72, May 1998.

    5. Chen, L.-C., T.-A. Teo, and C.-L. Liu, "The geometrical comparisons of RSM and RFM for FORMOSAT-2 satellite images," Photogram. Eng. Remote Sens., Vol. 72, No. 5, 573-579, May 2006.

    6. Hu, Y. and C.-V. Tao, "Updating solutions of the rational function model using additional control information," Photogram. Eng. Remote Sens, Vol. 68, No. 7, 715-723, Jul. 2002.

    7. Reinartz, P., R. Muller, M. Lehner, and M. Schroeder, "Accuracy analysis for DSM and orthoimages derived from SPOT HRS stereo data using direct georeferencing," ISPRS J. Photogram. Remote Sens., Vol. 60, 160-169, Jul. 2006.

    8. Weser, T., F. Rottensteiner, J. Willneff, J. Poon, and C. S. Fraser, "Development and testing of a generic sensor model for pushbroom satellite imagery," Photogram. Eng. Remote Sens., Vol. 71, No. 11, 1321-1327, Nov. 2005.

    9. Grodecki, J. and G. Dial, "Block adjustment of high-resolution satellite-images described by rational polynomials," Photogram. Eng. Remote Sens., Vol. 69, No. 1, 59-68, Jan. 2003.

    10. Toutin, T. and R. Chenier, "3-D radargrammetric modeling of RADARSAT-2 ultrafine mode: Preliminary results of the geometric calibration," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett., Vol. 6, No. 3, 611-615, Jul. 2009.

    11. Davis, C. H., H. Jiang, and X. Wang, "Modeling and estimation of the spatial variation of elevation error in high resolution DEMs from stereo-image processing," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., Vol. 39, No. 11, 2483-2489, Nov. 2001.

    12. Miyazaki, Y., T. Osani, and H. Watanabe, "Digital terrain model of JERS-1 data for ASTER VNIR stereo application," IEEE Int. Geosci. Remote Sens. Symp., Vol. 1, 131-133, Aug. 1993.

    13. Kenyi, L. W., R. Dubayah, M. Hofton, and M. Schardt, "Comparative analysis of SRTMVNED vegetation canopy height to LIDAR-derived vegetation canopy metrics," Int. J. Remote Sens., Vol. 30, No. 11, 2797-2811, Jun. 2009.

    14. Brown, C. G., K. Sarabandi, and L. E. Pierce, "Model-based estimation of forest canopy height in red and Austrian pine stands using shuttle radar topography mission and ancillary data: A proof-of-concept study," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., Vol. 48, No. 3, 1105-1118, Mar. 2010.

    15. Garestier, F., P. D. Fernandez, X. Dupuis, P. Paillou, and I. Hajnsek, "PolInSAR analysis of X-band data over vegetated and urban areas," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., Vol. 44, No. 2, 356-364, Feb. 2006.

    16. Tan, L. and R. Yang, "Investigation on tree height retrieval with polarimetric SAR interferometry," IEEE Int. Geosci. Remote Sens. Symp., 546-549, Jul. 2008.

    17. Solberg, S., D. J. Weydahl, and E. Masset, "Simulating X-band interferometric height in a spruce forest from airborne laser scanning," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., Vol. 48, No. 9, 3369-3378, Sep. 2010.

    18. Tsai, S.-C. and J.-F. Kiang, "Floating dropsondes with DGPS receiver for real-time typhoon monitoring," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., Vol. 49, No. 11, 4363-4373, Nov. 2011.

    19. Buckreuss, S., R. Werninghaus, and W. Pitz, "German satellite mission TerraSAR-X," IEEE Aero. Electron. Syst. Mag., Vol. 24, No. 11, 4-9, Nov. 2009.

    20., , Google Earth Software for Microsoft Windows, Ver 6.2.

    21., , Online, http://www.anntw.com/awakening/news center/show.php?itemid=37489.