PIER M
 
Progress In Electromagnetics Research M
ISSN: 1937-8726
Home | Search | Notification | Authors | Submission | PIERS Home | EM Academy
Home > Vol. 49 > pp. 81-89

RF AND MICROWAVE LOW POWER DIELECTRIC HEATING USING PARALLEL PLATE APPLICATOR TO CONTROL INSECT PESTS ON TOMATO PLANT

By S. V. Gaikwad and A. N. Gaikwad

Full Article PDF (550 KB)

Abstract:
This paper focuses on electromagnetic exposure to control insect pests in agriculture using parallel plate applicator. A tomato plant and ``Helicoverpa armigera'' eggs and larvae are exposed to 915 MHz and 2450 MHz. A parallel plate applicator is fabricated and matched with Radio Frequency and Microwave source at 50 Ω. The power up to 250 W was applied to parallel plate applicator in an anechoic chamber to observe the behavior and heating effect on commodities inside the applicator. The rise in temperature of the tomato plant and tomato with insect pest stages were different for different dielectric properties. The reduction in the hatching was observed after the exposure. The first instar to fifth instar larvae erratic movement was observed during exposure. The faster response of heating was observed at the higher side of exposed power. The effect on the heating rate considering the variations in the space between two parallel plates of the applicator is analyzed in this research. The parallel plate capacitor is referred to as an applicator in this paper.

Citation:
S. V. Gaikwad and A. N. Gaikwad, "RF and Microwave Low Power Dielectric Heating Using Parallel Plate Applicator to Control Insect Pests on Tomato Plant," Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 49, 81-89, 2016.
doi:10.2528/PIERM16051806

References:
1. Stuart, O. N. and E. L. Stetson, "RF and MW energy for potential agriculture applications," J. Microwave Power, 65-70, 1985.

2. Nelson, S. O. M., "Review and assessment of radio-frequency and microwave energy for stored-grain insect control," Transaction of the ASAE, Vol. 39, No. 4, 1475-1484, 1996.
doi:10.13031/2013.27641

3. De Miguel Bilbao, S., J. Garca, V. Ramos, and J. Blas, "Assessment of human body influence on exposure measurements of electric field in indoor enclosures," Bioelectromagnetics, Vol. 36, No. 2, 118-132, 2015.
doi:10.1002/BEM.21888

4. Gryz, K., P. ZradziNski, and J. Karpowicz, "The role of the location of personal exposimeters on the human body in their use for assessing exposure to the electromagnetic field in the radiofrequency range 982450 MHz and compliance analysis: Evaluation by virtual measurements," Bio. Med. Research International, Vol. 2015, Article ID 272460, 2015.

5., "Guidelines for limiting exposure to time-varying electric, magnetic and electromagnetic fields (up to 300 GHz) ICNIRP guidelines," Health Physics, Vol. 74, No. 4, 494-522, April 1998.

6. Wang, T. J., et al., "Dielectric properties of fruits and insect pests as related to radio frequency and microwave treatments," Biosystems Engineering, Vol. 85, No. 2, 201-212, 2003.
doi:10.1016/S1537-5110(03)00042-4

7. Wang, T. J., "Radio frequency and microwave alternative treatments for insect control in nuts: A review," J. Agriculture Engg., Vol. 34, No. 10, 105-120, 2001.

8. Nelson, S., "Potential insect-control applications for microwaves," USDA-ARS Paper, 245, 1973.

9. Nelson, S. O. M., "Dielectric properties of agricultural products and some applications," Res. Agr. Eng., Vol. 54, No. 2, 104-112, 2008.

10. Nelson, S. O. M., "Title of the journal paper," Journal Title Abbreviation, Vol. 34, No. 10, 1064-1076, 2013.

11. Pryor, R. W., "Modeling dielectric heating: A first principles approach," COMSOL Conference 2015, Vol. 34, No. 10, 1064-1076, 2013.

12. Yang, D., et al., "Expanding the Bioheat equation to include tissue internal water evaporation during heating," IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, Vol. 54, No. 8, 1382-1388, 2007.
doi:10.1109/TBME.2007.890740

13. Gaikwad, S. V., et al., "Low power microwave heating to control insect pests on tomato plants," International Microwave Power Institute (IMPI) 48th Symposium, 1064-1076, 2014.

14. Puneeth, P. and V. A. Vijayan, "Parasitization capacity of trichogramma chilonis ishii (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidac) on the eggs of helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) under laboratory conditions," International Journal of Science and Nature, Vol. 5, No. 3, 462-465, 2014.

15. Lincoln, R. E. and J. W. Porter, "Inheritance of Beta-carotene in tomatoes," Genetics, Vol. 35, No. 2, 206-211, 1950.

16. Peng, J., et al., "Dielectric properties of tomatoes assisting in the development of microwave pasteurization and sterilization processes," LWT-Food Science and Technology, Vol. 54, No. 2, 367-376, 2013.
doi:10.1016/j.lwt.2013.07.006

17. Gaikwad, S. V., et al., "Simulation modeling and implementation of RF and MW system to control the insect pests in agriculture," 2015 Annual IEEE India Conference (INDICON), 1-4, 2015.
doi:10.1109/INDICON.2015.7443504

18. Perovic, D. J., et al., "The mortality of Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) neonate larvae in relation to drop-off and soil surface temperature: the dangers of bungy jumping," Australian Journal of Entomology, Vol. 47, No. 4, 289-296, 2008.
doi:10.1111/j.1440-6055.2008.00660.x

19. Dhillon, M. K. and H. C. Sharma, "Influence of temperature and Helicoverpa armigera food on survival and development of the parasitoid, Champoletis chlorideae," Indian Journal of Plant Protection, Vol. 36, No. 2, 240-244, 2008.

20. Nelson, S. O. M., "The effect of ambient temperature on the development of cotton bollworm (Helicoverpa armigera)," Plant Protect. Science, Vol. 42, No. 4, 135-138, 2013.

21. Dhillon, M. K. and H. C. Sharma, "Effect of storage temperature and duration on viability of eggs of Helicoverpa armigera Lepidoptera: Noctuidae," Bulletin of Entomological Research, Vol. 97, No. 1, 55-59, 2007.
doi:10.1017/S0007485307004725

22. Kumar, S., et al., "Natural mortality of Helicoverpa armigera (Hbner) eggs in the cotton ecosystem," Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, Vol. 11, 17-25, 2010.

23. McDonald, R. E. and T. G. McCollum, "Heat treatment of mature-green tomatoes: Differential effect of ethylene and partial ripening," Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, Vol. 123, No. 3, 457-462, 1998.

24. Abdelmageeda, A. H., et al., "Effect of high temperature and heat shock on tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) genotypes under controlled conditions," Conference on International Agricultural Research for Development, Vol. 34, No. 10, 1064-1076, 2003.

25. Mark, R. and S. Church, "Nutrient analysis of fruit and vegetables," Analytical Report, Vol. 34, No. 10, 1064-1076, UK, 2013.

26. Ploeg, V. and E. Heuvelink, "Influence of sub-optimal temperature on tomato growth and yield: A review," Journal of Horticultural Science & Biotechnology, Vol. 80, No. 6, 652-659, 2005.
doi:10.1080/14620316.2005.11511994

27. Adams, S. R., et al., "Effect of temperature on the growth and development of tomato fruits," Annals of Botany, Vol. 88, 869-877, 2001.
doi:10.1006/anbo.2001.1524


© Copyright 2010 EMW Publishing. All Rights Reserved