In this work, we show that it is possible to produce a planar electromagnetic jet using a flat structure consisting of elementary cells based on lumped elements and fed with a source line. A combination of elementary cells may represent a gradient index, locating the electromagnetic energy in a small area, consisting of a few cells and having a size of about 0.75λ. The theoretical framework of the study is based on the Wave Concept Iterative Process method (WCIP) formulated in both spectral and spatial domains. An analogy with an optical model based on optical paths equality enables predicting the location of formation of this spot. The use of such a system can provide solutions for the development of new kinds of applications such as engraving sub-wavelength, data storage, improved scalpel optics for ultra-precise laser surgery, and detection of cancer.
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