PIER M
 
Progress In Electromagnetics Research M
ISSN: 1937-8726
Home | Search | Notification | Authors | Submission | PIERS Home | EM Academy
Home > Vol. 62 > pp. 167-174

DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF WIDEBAND MONOPOLE ANTENNAS FOR FLEXIBLE/WEARABLE WIRELESS DEVICE APPLICATIONS

By B. N. Balarami Reddy, P. Sandeep Kumar, T. Rama Rao, N. Tiwari, and M. Balachary

Full Article PDF (576 KB)

Abstract:
Compact wideband flexible monopole antennas are designed and analyzed for its performance for Body Centric Wireless Communications (BCWC). Two antennas with identical radiators on different substrates are designed and fabricated on polyamide and teslin paper substrates, deployinga modified rectangle-shaped radiator. With the aid of modifications in the radiating plane and defecting the ground plane, the polyamide based antenna is designed to operate between 1.8 and 13.3 GHz, and teslin paper based antenna is designed to operate between 1.45 and 13.4 GHz to cover the wireless communication technology frequencies and ultra-wideband range for various wireless applications. The reflection coefficient characteristics of the fabricated antennas on free space and on various sites of the body are measured and match reasonably well with the simulated reflection coefficient characteristics. The specific absorption rate (SAR) analysis is also carried out by placing the antennas on tissue layered model.

Citation:
B. N. Balarami Reddy, P. Sandeep Kumar, T. Rama Rao, N. Tiwari, and M. Balachary, "Design and Analysis of Wideband Monopole Antennas for Flexible/Wearable Wireless Device Applications," Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 62, 167-174, 2017.
doi:10.2528/PIERM17092107

References:
1. Samal, P. B., P. J. Soh, and G. A. E. Vandenbosch, "UWB all-textile antenna with full ground plane for off-body WBAN communications," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 62, No. 1, Jan. 2014.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2013.2287526

2. Abbasi, Q. H., M. U. Rehman, K. Qaraqe, and A. Alomainy, "Advances in body-centric wireless communication: Applications and state-of-the-art," The Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET), London, U.K., Jul. 2016.

3. Dastranj, A., "Optimization of a printed UWB antenna: Application of the invasive weed optimization algorithm in antenna design," IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, Vol. 59, No. 1, 48-57, Feb. 2017.
doi:10.1109/MAP.2016.2630025

4. Palaniswamy, S. K., Y. P. Selvam, M. G. N. Alsath, M. Kanagasabai, S. Kingsly, and S. Subbaraj, "3-D eight-port ultrawideband antenna array for diversity applications," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 16, 569-572, 2017, doi:10.1109/LAWP.2016.2590144.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2016.2590144

5. Palaniswamy, S., M. Kanagasabai, S. Arun Kumar, M. Alsath, S. Velan, and J. Pakkathillam, "Super wideband printed monopole antenna for ultra wideband applications," International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies, Vol. 9, No. 1, 133-141, 2017, doi:10.1017/S1759078715000951.
doi:10.1017/S1759078715000951

6. Meinke, H. and F. W. Gundlach, Taschenbuch der Hochfrequenztechnik, 531-535, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, New York, 1968.
doi:10.1007/978-3-662-13082-7

7. Wang, F. and T. Arslan, "A wearable ultra-wideband monopole antenna with flexible artificial magnetic conductor," 2016 Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), Nov. 14-15, 2016.

8. Phan, H. P., T. P. Vuong, P. Benech, P. Xavier, P. Borel, and A. Delattre, "Printed flexible wideband microstrip antenna for wireless applications," International Conference on Advanced Technologies for Communications (ATC), 12-14, Oct. 2016.

9. Bahrami, H., S. A. Mirbozorgi, R. Ameli, L. A. Rusch, and B. Gosselin, "Flexible, polarization-diverse UWB antennas for implantable neural recording systems," IEEE Trans. on Biom. Ckts and Sys., Vol. 10, No. 1, 38-48, 2016.
doi:10.1109/TBCAS.2015.2393878

10. Liu, X. Y., Y. H. Di, H. Liu, Z. T. Wu, and M. M. Tentzeris, "A planar Windmill-like broadband antenna equipped with artificial magnetic conductor for off-body communications," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propag. Letters, Vol. 15, 64-67, 2016.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2015.2429683

11. Hong, S., S. H. Kang, and C. W. Jung, "Transparent and flexible antenna for wearable glasses applications," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 64, No. 7, 2797-2804, 2016.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2016.2554626

12. Chen, S. J., T. Kaufmann, D. C. Ranasinghe, and C. Fumeaux, "A modular textile antenna design using snap-on buttons for wearable applications," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 64, No. 3, 894-903, 2016.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2016.2517673

13. Chen, Z. N., T. S. P. See, and X. Qing, "Small printed ultrawideband antenna with reduced ground plane effect," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 55, No. 2, 383-388, Feb. 2007.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2006.889823

14. Varshini, K. and T. R. Rao, "Investigations on SAR and thermal effects of a body wearable microstrip antenna," Wireless Personal Communications, Springer, 2017, doi.10.1007/s11277-017-4059-9.

15. Karthik, V. and T. Rama Rao, "Estimation of specific absorption rate using infrared thermography for the biocompatibility of wearable wireless devices," Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 56, 101-109, 2017.
doi:10.2528/PIERM17022603

16. Gabriel, C., "Compilation of the dielectric properties of body tissues at RF and microwave frequencies,", Report N.AL/OE-TR-1996-0037, Occupational and environmental health directorate, Radiofrequency Radiation Division, Brooks Air Force Base, Texas (USA), Jun. 1996.

17. Means, D. L. and K. W. Chan, "Evaluating compliance with FCC guidelines for human exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields, supplement C edition 01-01 to OET bulletin 65 edition 97-01,", Office of Engineering and Technology, FCC, Washington, D.C. 20554, Jun. 2001.

18. Velan, S., E. F. Sundarsingh, M. Kanagasabai, A. K. Sarma, C. Raviteja, S. Ramprabhu, and J. K. Pakkathillam, "Dual-band EBG integrated monopole antenna deploying fractal geometry for wearable applications," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 14, 249-252, 2015.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2014.2360710

19. Mandal, B. and S. K. Parui, "Wearable tri-band SIW based antenna on leather substrate," Electronics Letters, Vol. 51, No. 20, 1563-1564, Oct. 1, 2015.
doi:10.1049/el.2015.2559

20. Zahran, S. R., M. A. Abdalla, and A. Gaafar, "How bending affects a flexible UWB antenna,", 1-6, www.mwrf.com, 2017.

21. Jose, A. and S. J. Kappan, "High gain coplanar feed ultra wide band wearable antenna using artificial magnetic conductors," 5th International Conf. on Advances in Computing and Comm., Sep. 2-4, 2015.


© Copyright 2010 EMW Publishing. All Rights Reserved