Vol. 71

Front:[PDF file] Back:[PDF file]
Latest Volume
All Volumes
All Issues
2018-08-06

UHF Wave Propagation in Mine Shaft Environment

By Shaohua Xue, Jianping Tan, and Lixiang Shi
Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 71, 157-167, 2018
doi:10.2528/PIERM18060406

Abstract

Wireless communication is very valuable in underground mines, in which channel characterization plays an important role. In this paper, both narrowband and wideband measurements at three typical ultra-high frequencies of 433, 900 and 2400 MHz in a real mine shaft are performed. To our knowledge, this is the first work focusing on radio propagation in the mine shaft environment. Important channel characteristics, such as the path loss, delay spread and the number of multipath components were extracted from the measured data and compared with that in tunnel channels. The effects of frequency and antenna position on the path loss were investigated. The relationship between the root-mean-square (RMS) delay spread and the transmitter-receiver distance was also analyzed. The results will deepen our understanding of the mine shaft channel and help to design shaft wireless systems.

Citation


Shaohua Xue, Jianping Tan, and Lixiang Shi, "UHF Wave Propagation in Mine Shaft Environment," Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 71, 157-167, 2018.
doi:10.2528/PIERM18060406
http://www.jpier.org/PIERM/pier.php?paper=18060406

References


    1. Ranjan, A., P. Misra, B. Dwivedi, and H. B. Sahu, "Studies on propagation characteristics of radio waves for wireless networks in underground coal mines," Wireless Personal Communications, Vol. 97, No. 12, 1-14, 2007.

    2. Hrovat, A., G. Kandus, and T. Javornik, "A survey of radio propagation modeling for tunnels," IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, Vol. 16, No. 2, 658-669, 2014.
    doi:10.1109/SURV.2013.091213.00175

    3. Zhou, X., Z. Zhong, X. Bian, R. He, R. Sun, and K. Guan, "Measurement and analysis of channel characteristics in reflective environments at 3.6 GHz and 14.6 GHz," Applied Science, Vol. 7, No. 2, 165, 2017.
    doi:10.3390/app7020165

    4. Sun, Z. and I. F. Akyildiz, "Channel modeling and analysis for wireless networks in underground mines and road tunnels," IEEE Transactions on Communications, Vol. 58, No. 6, 1758-1768, 2010.
    doi:10.1109/TCOMM.2010.06.080353

    5. Zhou, C., "Ray tracing and modal methods for modeling radio propagation in tunnels with rough walls," IEEE Transactions on Antennas & Propagation, Vol. 65, No. 5, 2624-2634, 2007.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2017.2677398

    6. Fono, V. A. and L. Talbi, "Modeling the effect of periodic wall roughness on the indoor radio propagation channel," Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 49, 167-179, 2016.
    doi:10.2528/PIERM16042802

    7. Rana, M. M. and A. S. Mohan, "Segmented-locally-one dimensional FDTD (LOD-FDTD) method for large complex tunnel environments," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Vol. 28, No. 2, 223-226, 2012.
    doi:10.1109/TMAG.2011.2177075

    8. Zhang, Y. P., "Novel model for propagation loss prediction in tunnels," IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, Vol. 52, No. 5, 1308-1314, 2003.
    doi:10.1109/TVT.2003.816647

    9. Hrovat, A., G. Kandus, and T. Javornik, "Four-slope channel model for path loss prediction in tunnels at 400 MHz," IET Microwaves Antennas & Propagation, Vol. 4, No. 5, 571-582, 2010.
    doi:10.1049/iet-map.2009.0159

    10. Fan, J., et al., "Faster-than-nyquist signaling: An overview," IEEE Access, Vol. 5, No. 99, 1925-1940, 2017.
    doi:10.1109/ACCESS.2017.2657599

    11. Adewumi, A. S. and O. Olabisi, "Characterization and modeling of vegetation effects on UHF propagation through a long forested channel," Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters, Vol. 73, 9-16, 2018.
    doi:10.2528/PIERL17092004

    12. Arslan, H. and S. Yarkan, "Statistical wireless channel propagation characteristics in underground mines at 900 MHz: A comparative analysis with indoor channels," Ad Hoc Networks, 2011.

    13. Nerguizian, C., C. L. Despins, S. Affes, and M. Djadel, "Radio-channel characterization of an underground mine at 2.4 GHz," IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, Vol. 4, No. 5, 2441-2453, 2005.
    doi:10.1109/TWC.2005.853899

    14. Hakem, N., G. Delisle, and Y. Coulibaly, "Radio-wave propagation into an underground mine environment at 2.4 GHz, 5.8 GHz and 60 GHz," The 8th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, 3592-3595, 2014.

    15. Boutin, M., A. Benzakour, C. L. Despins, and S. Affes, "Radio wave characterization and modeling in underground mine tunnels," IEEE Transactions on Antennas & Propagation, Vol. 56, No. 2, 540-549, 2008.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2007.913144

    16. Gonzalez-Plaza, A., et al., "Propagation at mmW band in metropolitan railway tunnels," Wireless Communications & Mobile Computing, 1-10, 2018.
    doi:10.1155/2018/7350494

    17. Zhang, L., et al., "Delay spread and electromagnetic reverberation in subway tunnels and stations," IEEE Antennas & Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 15, No. 4, 585-588, 2016.
    doi:10.1109/LAWP.2015.2462022

    18. Hussain, I., F. Cawood, and R. V. Olst, "Effect of tunnel geometry and antenna parameters on through-the-air communication systems in underground mines: Survey and open research areas," Physical Communication, Vol. 23, 84-94, 2017.
    doi:10.1016/j.phycom.2017.03.002

    19. Bashir, S., "Effect of antenna position and polarization on UWB propagation channel in underground mines and tunnels," IEEE Transactions on Antennas & Propagation, Vol. 62, No. 9, 4771-4779, 2014.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2014.2334352

    20. Li, D. and J. Wang, "Effect of antenna parameters on the field coverage in tunnel environments," International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 2016, 1-10, 2016.

    21. Varela, M. S. and M. G. Sanchez, "RMS delay and coherence bandwidth measurements in indoor radio channels in the UHF band," IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, Vol. 50, No. 2, 515-525, 2001.
    doi:10.1109/25.923063

    22. Dabin, J. A., et al., "The effects of antenna directivity on path loss and multipath propagation in UWB indoor wireless channels," IEEE Conference on Ultra Wideband Systems and Technologies, 305-309, 2003.
    doi:10.1109/UWBST.2003.1267853

    23. Mao, X. H. and Y. H. Lee, "Comparison of propagation along a lift shaft in two complex environments," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 36, 337-355, 2012.
    doi:10.2528/PIERB11091911

    24. Zhang, Y. P., Z. R. Jiang, T. S. Ng, and J. H. Sheng, "Measurements of the propagation of UHF radio waves on an underground railway train," IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, Vol. 49, No. 4, 1342-1347, 2000.
    doi:10.1109/25.875255

    25. Li, J., et al., "Radio channel measurements and analysis at 2.4/5 GHz in subway tunnels," China Communication, Vol. 12, No. 1, 36-45, 2015.
    doi:10.1109/CC.2015.7084382

    26. Moreno, J., et al., "2.6GHz intra-consist channel model for train control and management systems," IEEE Access, Vol. 5, 23052-23059, 2007.

    27. Wu, X., Y. Shen, and Y. Tang, "Measurement and modeling of co-time co-frequency full-duplex self-interference channel of the indoor environment at 2.6 GHz," Acta Electronica Sinica, Vol. 43, No. 1, 1-6, 2015.

    28. Zhang, Y. P. and Y. Hwang, "Characterization of UHF radio propagation channels in tunnel environments for microcellular and personal communications," IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, Vol. 47, No. 1, 283-296, 1998.
    doi:10.1109/25.661054

    29. Geng, S., J. Kivinen, and P. Vainikainen, "Propagation characterization of wideband indoor radio channels at 60 GHz," IEEE International Symposium on Microwave, Antennas, Propagation and EMC Technologies for Wireless Communications, 314-317, 2005.