PIER M
 
Progress In Electromagnetics Research M
ISSN: 1937-8726
Home | Search | Notification | Authors | Submission | PIERS Home | EM Academy
Home > Vol. 94 > pp. 209-219

DIELECTRIC-INSENSITIVE PHASED ARRAY WITH IMPROVED CHARACTERISTICS FOR 5G MOBILE HANDSETS

By N. Ojaroudi Parchin, H. J. Basherlou, and R. A. Abd-Alhameed

Full Article PDF (631 KB)

Abstract:
In this manuscript, a high-performance beam-steerable phased array antenna is introduced for fifth-generation (5G) mobile handsets. The configuration of the design is arranged by employing eight dielectric-insensitive L-ring/slot-loop radiators in a linear form on the top edge of the handset mainboard. The beam-steerable array design exhibits high radiation performances even though it is implemented on a lossy FR-4 material. The proposed design exhibits an impedance bandwidth of 18-20 GHz with the center frequency of 19 GHz. It provides satisfactory characteristics such as wide beam-steering, high gain and efficiency characteristics indicating its promising potential for beam-steerable 5G smartphones. The characteristics of the antenna array are insensitive for different types of dielectrics. Furthermore, the designed antenna array offers quite good radiation behavior in the presence of hand phantom.

Citation:
N. Ojaroudi Parchin, H. J. Basherlou, and R. A. Abd-Alhameed, "Dielectric-Insensitive Phased Array with Improved Characteristics for 5G Mobile Handsets," Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 94, 209-219, 2020.
doi:10.2528/PIERM20042108
http://www.jpier.org/pierm/pier.php?paper=20042108

References:
1. Osseiran, et al., "Scenarios for 5G mobile and wireless communications: The vision of the METIS project," IEEE Commun. Mag., Vol. 52, 26-35, 2014.
doi:10.1109/MCOM.2014.6815890

2. Parchin, N. O., et al., Microwave/RF Components for 5G Front-End Systems, Avid Science, 2019.

3. Roh, W., et al., "Millimeter-wave beamforming as an enabling technology for 5G cellular communications: Theoretical feasibility and prototype results," IEEE Commun. Mag., Vol. 52, 106-113, 2014.
doi:10.1109/MCOM.2014.6736750

4. Al-Yasir, Y. I. A., et al., "A new polarization-reconfigurable antenna for 5G applications," Electronics, Vol. 7, 1-9, 2018.
doi:10.3390/electronics7110293

5. Parchin, N. O., et al., "UWB MM-wave antenna array with quasi omnidirectional beams for 5G handheld devices," International Conference on Ubiquitous Wireless Broadband (ICUWB), Nanjing, China, 2016.

6. Ojaroudi Parchin, N., H. J. Basherlou, and R. A. Abd-Alhameed, "A design of crossed exponentially tapered slot antenna with multi-resonance function for 3G/4G/5G applications," Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters, Vol. 92, 1-8, 2020.
doi:10.2528/PIERL20042306

7. Gupta, P., "Evolvement of mobile generations: 1G to 5G," International Journal for Technological Research in Engineering, Vol. 1, 152-157, 2013.

8. Ojaroudi Parchin, N., Y. I. A. Al-Yasir, H. J. Basherlou, and R. A. Abd-Alhameed, "A closely spaced dual-band MIMO patch antenna with reduced mutual coupling for 4G/5G applications," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 101, 71-80, 2020.
doi:10.2528/PIERC20013001

9. Parchin, N. O., et al., "Design of Vivaldi antenna array with end-fire beam steering function for 5G mobile terminals," Telecommunications Forum (TELFOR), 587-590, Belgrade, Serbia, Nov. 24–26, 2015.

10. Ojaroudiparchin, N., et al., "Low-cost planar mmWave phased array antenna for use in mobile satellite (MSAT) platforms," Telecommunications Forum (TELFOR), 528-531, Serbia, 2015.

11. Chen, Q., Z. Gong, X. Yang, Z. Wang, and L. Zhang, "Design considerations for millimeter wave antennas within a chip package," IEEE International Workshop on Anti-counterfeiting, Security, Identification, 13-17, Xiamen, Fujian, Apr. 16–18, 2007.

12. Parchin, N. O., et al., "Frequency-switchable patch antenna with parasitic ring load for 5G mobile terminals," IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation (ISAP), Xi’an, China, 2019.

13. Parchin, N. O., et al., "Frequency reconfigurable antenna array for MM wave 5G mobile handsets," Broadband Communications, Networks, and Systems, BROADNETS, Faro, Portugal, 2019.

14. NTT Docomo, Docomo 5G White Paper, Jul. 2014 [Online], available: https://www.nttdocomo.co.jp/english/corporate/technology/whitepaper 5g/.

15. Parchin, N. O. and R. A. Abd-Alhameed, "A compact Vivaldi antenna array for 5G channel sounding applications," EuCAP, London, UK, 2018.

16. Parchin, N. O., et al., "MM-wave phased array quasi-yagi antenna for the upcoming 5G cellular communications," Applied Sciences, Vol. 9, 1-14, 2019.

17. Hong, W., K. Baek, Y. Lee, and Y. G. Kim, "Design and analysis of a low-profile 28 GHz beam steering antenna solution for future 5G cellular applications," IEEE International Microwave Symposium, Tampa Bay, Florida, Jun. 1–6, 2014.

18. Ojaroudiparchin, N., M. Shen, and G. F. Pedersen, "Multi-layer 5G mobile phone antenna for multi-user MIMO communications," Telecommunications Forum (TELFOR 2015), Serbia, Nov. 2015.

19. Amitay, N., V. Galindo, and C. P. Wu, Theory and Analysis of Phased Array Antennas, Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1972.

20. Rajagopal, S., S. Abu-Surra, Z. Pi, and F. Khan, "Antenna array design for multi-gbps mmwave mobile broadband communication," Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM’2011, 1-6, Houston, Texas, USA, 2011.

21. Ojaroudiparchin, N., M. Shen, and G. F. Pedersen, "Beam-steerable microstrip-fed bow-tie antenna array for fifth generation cellular communications," EuCAP 2016, Switzerland, 2016.

22. Parchin, N. O., et al., "High-performance Yagi-Uda antenna array for 28 GHz mobile communications," TELFOR 2019, Belgrade, Serbia, Nov. 25–27, 2019.

23. Ullah, A., et al., "Coplanar waveguide antenna with defected ground structure for 5G millimeter wave communications," IEEE MENACOMM’19, Bahrain, 2019.

24. Ojaroudi Parchin, N., H. J. Basherlou, and R. A. Abd-Alhameed, "Dual circularly polarized crescent-shaped slot antenna for 5G front-end applications," Progress In Electromagnetic Research Letters, Vol. 91, 41-48, 2020.
doi:10.2528/PIERL20040107

25. Parchin, N. O., et al., "Reconfigurable phased array 5G smartphone antenna for cognitive cellular networks," 23th Telecommunications Forum, TELFOR 2019, Belgrade, Serbia, Nov. 25–27, 2019.

26. Ojaroudiparchin, N., et al., "Wide-scan phased array antenna fed by coax-to-microstriplines for 5G cell phones," MIKON Conference, Rakow, Poland, May 2016.

27. Hong, W., et al., "mmWave phased-array with hemispheric coverage for 5th generation cellular handsets," EuCAP, 714-716, 2014.

28. Parchin, N. O., et al., "A beam-steerable antenna array with radiation beam reconfigurability for 5G smartphones," EuCAP 2020, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2020.

29. Ojaroudiparchin, N., M. Shen, and G. F. Pedersen, "A compact design of planar array antenna with fractal elements for future generation applications," Applied Computational Electromagnetics Society (ACES) Journal, 789-796, 2016.

30. CST Microwave Studio, ver. 2014, CST, Framingham, MA, USA, , 2014.

31. Ojaroudi Parchin, N., R. A. Abd-Alhameed, and M. Shen, "Gain improvement of a UWB antenna using a single-layer FSS," 2019 Photonics & Electromagnetics Research Symposium — Fall (PIERS — Fall), Xiamen, China, Dec. 17–20, 2019.

32. Valizade, A., et al., "Band-notch slot antenna with enhanced bandwidth by using Ω-shaped strips protruded inside rectangular slots for UWB applications," Appl. Comput. Electromagn. Soc. (ACES) J., Vol. 27, No. 10, 816-822, 2012.

33. Ojaroudi, N. and N. Ghadimi, "Design of CPW-fed slot antenna for MIMO system applications," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett., Vol. 56, 1278-1281, 2014.

35. Ojaroudi Parchin, N., H. J. Basherlou, and R. A. Abd-Alhameed, "UWB microstrip-fed slot antenna with improved bandwidth and dual notched bands using protruded parasitic strips," Progress In Electromagnetic Research C, Vol. 101, 261-273, 2020.

36. Yngvesson, K. S., et al., "The tapered slot antenna-a new integrated element for millimeter-wave applications," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn., Vol. 37, 365-374, 1989.

37. Parchin, N. O., et al., "Low-profile air-filled antenna for next generation wireless systems," Wirel. Pers. Commun., Vol. 97, 3293-3300, 2017.

38. Salman, J. W., M. M. Ameen, and S. O. Hassan, "Effects of the loss tangent, dielectric substrate permittivity and thickness on the performance of circular microstrip antennas," Journal of Engineering and Development, Vol. 10, No. 1, 1-13, 2006.

39. Ojaroudi, N. and M. Ojaroudi, "Bandwidth enhancement of an ultra-wideband printed slot antenna with WLAN band-notched function," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett., Vol. 55, 1448-1451, 2013.

40. Ojaroudi, M. and N. Ojaroudi, "Ultra-wideband slot antenna with frequency band-stop operation," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett., Vol. 55, 2020-2023, 2013.

41. Ojaroudi, N., "Small microstrip-fed slot antenna with frequency band-stop function," 21st Telecommunications Forum, TELFOR 2013, Belgrade, Serbia, Nov. 27–28, 2013.

42. Ojaroudi, N., "Design of ultra-wideband monopole antenna with enhanced bandwidth," 21st Telecommunications Forum, TELFOR 2013, Belgrade, Serbia, Nov. 27–28, 2013.

43. Ojaroudi, Y., et al., "Circularly polarized microstrip slot antenna with a pair of spur-shaped slits for WLAN applications," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett., Vol. 57, 756-759, 2015.

44. Ojaroudi, N., H. Ojaroudi, and N. Ghadimi, "Quadband Planar Inverted-F Antenna (PIFA) for wireless communication systems," Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters, Vol. 45, 51-56, 2014.

45. Ojaroudiparchin, N., M. Shen, and G. F. Pedersen, "8 × 8 planar phased array antenna with high efficiency and insensitivity properties for 5G mobile base stations," Proc. 10th Eur. Conf. Antennas Propag. (EuCAP), 1-5, Davos, Switzerland, Apr. 2016.

46. Parchin, N. O., et al., "8 × 8 MIMO antenna system with coupled-fed elements for 5G handsets," IET Conference on Antennas and Propagation, Birmingham, UK, Nov. 2019.

47. Parchin, N. O., R. A. Abd-Alhameed, and M. Shen, "A radiation-beam switchable antenna array for 5G smartphones," 2019 Photonics & Electromagnetics Research Symposium — Fall (PIERS — Fall), 1769-1774, Xiamen, China, Dec. 17–20, 2019.

48. Ojaroudiparchin, N., M. Shen, and G. F. Pedersen, "Investigation on the performance of low-profile insensitive antenna with improved radiation characteristics for the future 5G applications," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett., Vol. 58, 2148-2158, 2016.

49. Hansen, R. C., Phased Array Antennas, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 2009.

50. Parchin, N. O., et al., "Smartphone antenna design covering 2G∼5G mobile terminals," International Journal of Electrical and Electronic Science, Vol. 7, 1-6, 2020.

51. Parchin, N. O., R. A. Abd-Alhameed, and M. Shen, "Design of low cost FR4 wide-band antenna arrays for future 5G mobile communications," International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation (ISAP), Xi'an, China, 2019.

52. Ilvonen, J., et al., "Mobile terminal antenna performance with the user's hand," IEEE Antenna and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 10, 772-775, 2000.

53. Parchin, N. O., et al., "Multi-band MIMO antenna design with user-impact investigation for 4G and 5G mobile terminals," Sensors, Vol. 19, 456, 2019.

54. Ojaroudi, N., "Circular microstrip antenna with dual band-stop performance for ultra-wideband systems," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett., Vol. 56, 2095-2098, 2014.

55. Ojaroudi, M., et al., "Dual band-notch small square monopole antennawith enhanced bandwidth characteristics for UWB applications," ACES J., Vol. 25, 420-426, 2012.

56. Siahkal-Mahalle, B. H., et al., "A new design of small square monopole antenna with enhanced bandwidth by using cross-shaped slot and conductor-backed plane," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett., Vol. 54, 2656-2659, 2012.

57. Ojaroudi, M., et al., "Ultra-wideband small square monopole antenna with dual band-notched function," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett., Vol. 54, 372-374, 2012.

58. Ojaroudi, N., et al., "Compact ultra-wideband monopole antenna with enhanced bandwidth and dual band-stop properties," International Journal of RF and Microwave Computer-Aided Engineering, Vol. 25, 346-357, 2015.

59. Parchin, N. O., et al., "Recent developments of reconfigurable antennas for current and future wireless communication systems," Electronics, Vol. 8, 128, 2019.

60. Ojaroudiparchin, N., et al., "A switchable 3-D-coverage-phased array antenna package for 5G mobile terminals," IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., Vol. 15, 1747-1750, 2016.


© Copyright 2010 EMW Publishing. All Rights Reserved