Vol. 93

Front:[PDF file] Back:[PDF file]
Latest Volume
All Volumes
All Issues
2019-06-17

K -Band 4×4 RHCP Helical Antenna Array Using LTCC Technology

By Hao Wei, Wei Han, Shiwang Jia, Xiaoli Jiang, and Weiwei Liu
Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 93, 173-183, 2019
doi:10.2528/PIERC19032401

Abstract

In this paper, a K-band right hand circularly polarized (RHCP) antenna array with 4×4 elements is designed, fabricated, measured and analyzed. The RHCP pattern is obtained from the helical antenna elements, with a unit cell of every four elements, sequentially counterclockwise by 90 deg. To decrease the profile of the vertical interconnection between the helical antenna and its feeding network, the integration of this RHCP antenna and its feeding networkis realized by low temperature co-fired ceramic (LTCC) technology. The antenna's feeding network consists of eight directional couplers, four circulators, and one power divider. In the feeding network, different RF channels' isolations are improved by the shield structures which are realized by metal filled via holes. For the operating frequency, the measured axial ratio (AR) is better than 1.25 dB. The proposed antenna is small in size, andit is a very good candidate for mobile satellite communications.

Citation


Hao Wei, Wei Han, Shiwang Jia, Xiaoli Jiang, and Weiwei Liu, "K -Band 4×4 RHCP Helical Antenna Array Using LTCC Technology," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 93, 173-183, 2019.
doi:10.2528/PIERC19032401
http://www.jpier.org/PIERC/pier.php?paper=19032401

References


    1. Zhang, H., F. S. Zhang, and Y. L. Yang, "An electrically small low-profile and ultra-wideband antenna with monopole-like radiation characteristics," Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters, Vol. 70, 99-106, 2017.
    doi:10.2528/PIERL17072001

    2. Sohn, J. R., K. Y. Kim, H.-S. Tae, and H. J. Lee, "Comparative study on various artificial magnetic conductors for low-profile antenna," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 61, 27-37, 2006.
    doi:10.2528/PIER06011701

    3. Liu, C., S. Xiao, and X. Zhang, "A compact, low-profile wire antenna applied to wide-angle scanning phased array," IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett., Vol. 17, No. 3, 389-392, 2018.
    doi:10.1109/LAWP.2018.2790418

    4. Zhang, Y. P. and D. Liu, "Antenna-on-chip and antenna-in-package solutions to highly integrated millimeter-wave devices for wireless communications," IEEE Trans. Antenna Propag., Vol. 57, No. 10, 2830-2841, 2009.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2009.2029295

    5. Kam, D. G., D. Liu, A. Natarajan, S. Reynolds, H.-C. Chen, and B. A. Floyd, "LTCC packages with embedded phased-array antennas for 60GHz communications," IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett., Vol. 21, No. 3, 142-144, 2011.
    doi:10.1109/LMWC.2010.2103932

    6. Cao, B., H. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. Zheng, "High-gain L-probe excited substrate integrated cavity antenna array with LTCC-based gap waveguide feeding network for W-band application," IEEE Trans. Antenna Propag., Vol. 63, No. 12, 1-1, 2015.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2015.2496543

    7. Qian, K. and X. Tang, "Compact LTCC dual-band circularly polarized perturbed hexagonal microstrip antenna," IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett., Vol. 10, 1212-1215, 2011.
    doi:10.1109/LAWP.2011.2173654

    8. Lai, Q. H., C. Fumeaux, W. Hong, and R. Vahldieck, "60 GHz aperture-coupled dielectric resonator antennas fed by a half-mode substrate integrated waveguide," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 58, No. 6, 1856-1864, Jun. 2010.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2010.2046852

    9. Huang, J., "A technique for an array to generate circular polarization with linearly polarized elements," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 34, No. 9, 1113-1124, 1986.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.1986.1143953

    10. Chen, A., Y. Zhang, Z. Chen, and S. Cao, "A Ka-band high-gain circularly polarized microstrip antenna array," IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett., Vol. 9, 1115-1118, 2010.
    doi:10.1109/LAWP.2010.2093866

    11. Huang, X. B. and K.-L. Wu, "A low-loss Ka-band LTCC circularly polarized microstrip antenna array with laminated waveguide feeding network," 2011 IEEE Electrical Design of Advanced Packaging and Systems Symposium (EDAPS), 1-2, Hanzhou, 2011.

    12. Bisharat, D., S. Liao, and Q. Xue, "A new circularly polarized monopole antenna for 60 GHz communications," 2014 IEEE International Workshop on Electromagnetics (iWEM), 173-174, Sapporo, 2014.

    13. Sun, M., Y. X. Guo, M. F. Karim, and L. C. Ong, "Integrated 60-GHz LTCC circularly polarized antenna array," 2009 IEEE International Symposium on Radio-Frequency Integration Technology (RFIT), 178-181, Singapore, 2009.

    14. Deng, R., F. Yang, S. Xu, and M. Li, "An FSS-backed 20/30-GHz dual-band circularly polarized reflectarray with suppressed mutual coupling and enhanced performance," IEEE Trans. Antenna Propag., Vol. 65, No. 2, 2017.

    15. Wang, H., H. Sun, and G. Han, "An active receiving phased array for satellite communication in K band," 2016 IEEE International Conference on Computational Electromagnetics (ICCEM), 160-162, Guangzhou, 2016.

    16. Deng, R., S. Xu, and F. Yang, "Design of a Ku/Ka quad-band reflectarray antenna for satellite communications," 2016 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation (APSURSI), 1217-1218, Fajardo, 2016.

    17. Krau, J. D. and R. J. Marhefka, Antennas for All Applications, McGraw-Hill, 2003.

    18. Stuber, G. L., et al., "Low-profile helical array antenna fed from a radial waveguide," IEEE Antennas Propagat. Mag., Vol. 48, No. 6, 107-115, 2006.
    doi:10.1109/MAP.2006.323359

    19. Liu, C., Y. Guo, X. Bao, and S. Xiao, "60-GHz LTCC integrated circularly polarized helical antenna array," IEEE Trans. Antenna Propag., Vol. 60, No. 3, 1329-1335, Mar. 2012.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2011.2180351

    20. Du, M., Y. Dong, J. Xu, and X. Ding, "35-GHz wideband circularly polarized patch array on LTCC," IEEE Trans. Antenna Propag., Vol. 65, No. 6, 3235-3240, Jun. 2017.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2017.2689073

    21. Li, Y., Z. N. Chen, X. Qing, Z. Zhang, J. Xu, and Z. Feng, "Axial ratio bandwidth enhancement of 60-GHz substrate integrated waveguide-fed circularly polarized LTCC antenna array," IEEE Trans. Antenna Propag., Vol. 60, No. 10, 4619-4626, Oct. 2012.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2012.2207343