Vol. 142

Front:[PDF file] Back:[PDF file]
Latest Volume
All Volumes
All Issues
2013-10-14

Performance Analysis of Bistatic Interferometer Based on Spaceborne SAR

By Qilei Zhang and Wenge Chang
Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 142, 721-742, 2013
doi:10.2528/PIER13091202

Abstract

This paper presents the performance analysis of Bistatic Interferometer BAsed on Spaceborne SAR (BIBASS). As a bistatic system with general configuration, the system response of BIBASS is azimuth/range dependent. Taking into account this peculiarity, the appropriate theoretical framework is developed to make a more accurate evaluation of the performance of BIBASS. Firstly, the interferometric features are studied. Then, considering all kinds of de-correlation factors, a comprehensive investigation of coherence of such a system is conducted, followed by the relative height accuracy analysis. The theoretical analysis and simulation show that BIBASS, with the ability of high-precision height measurement, can be widely applied as a novel remote sensing measurement system.

Citation


Qilei Zhang and Wenge Chang, "Performance Analysis of Bistatic Interferometer Based on Spaceborne SAR," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 142, 721-742, 2013.
doi:10.2528/PIER13091202
http://www.jpier.org/PIER/pier.php?paper=13091202

References


    1. Lopez-Dekker, , P., J. J. Mallorqui, P. Srra-Morales, and J. Sanz-Marcos, "Phase synchronization and Doppler centroid estimation in ¯xed receiver bistatic SAR systems," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., Vol. 46, 3459-3471, 2008.
    doi:10.1109/TGRS.2008.923322

    2. He, Z., F. He, J. Li, H. Huang, Z. Dong, and D. Liang, "Echo-domain phase synchronization algorithm for bistatic SAR in alternating bistatic/ping{pong mode," IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett., Vol. 9, 604-608, 2012.
    doi:10.1109/LGRS.2011.2162223

    3. Wang, W., "Approach of adaptive synchronization for bistatic SAR real-time imaging," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., Vol. 45, 2695-2700, 2007.
    doi:10.1109/TGRS.2007.901058

    4. Liu, Y., Y. Deng, R. Wang, and X. Jia, "Bistatic FMCW SAR raw signal simulator for extended scenes," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 128, 479-502, 2012.

    5. Qiu, X., D. Hu, and C. Ding, "An improved NLCS algorithm with capability analysis for one-stationary BiSAR," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., Vol. 46, 3179-3186, 2008.
    doi:10.1109/TGRS.2008.921569

    6. Wu, J., Z. Li, Y. Huang, and J. Yang, "Processing one-stationary bistatic SAR data using inverse scaled fourier transform," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 129, 143-159, 2012.

    7. Rodriguez-Cassola, M., S. V. Baumgartner, G. Krieger, and A. Moreira, "Bistatic TerraSAR-X/F-SAR spaceborne-airborne SAR experiment: Description, data processing, and results," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., Vol. 48, 781-794, 2010.
    doi:10.1109/TGRS.2009.2029984

    8. Walterscheid, I., T. Espeter, A. R. Brenner, J. Klare, J. H. Ender, H. Nies, R.Wang, and O. Loffeld, "Bistatic SAR experiments with PAMIR and TerraSAR-X: Setup, processing and image results," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., Vol. 48, 3268-3279, 2010.
    doi:10.1109/TGRS.2010.2043952

    9. Sanz-Marcos, J., P. Lopez-Dekker, J. J. Mallorqui, A. Aguasca, and P. Prats, "SABRINA: A SAR bistatic receiver for interferometric applications," IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett., Vol. 4, 307-311, 2007.
    doi:10.1109/LGRS.2007.894144

    10. Antoniou, M., Z. Zeng, F. Liu, and M. Cherniakov, "Experimental demonstration of passive BSAR imaging using navigation satellites and a fixed receiver," IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett., Vol. 9, 477-481, 2012.
    doi:10.1109/LGRS.2011.2172571

    11. Krieger, G., A. Moreira, H. Fiedler, I. Hanjnsek, M. Werner, M. Younis, and M. Zink, "TanDEM-X: A satellite formation for high-resolution SAR interferometry," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., Vol. 45, 3317-3341, 2007.
    doi:10.1109/TGRS.2007.900693

    12. Duque, S., P. Lopez-Dekker, J. J. Mallorqui, and J. C. Merlano, "Repeat-pass interferometry using a fixed-receiver and ERS-2/ENVIST as transmitters of opportunity," Proceedings of IEEE Geoscience Remote Sensing Symposium, 246-249, 2009.

    13. Duque, S., P. Lopez-Dekker, and J. J. Mallorqui, "Single-pass bistatic SAR interferometry using fixed-receiver configurations: Theory and experimental validation," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., Vol. 48, 2740-3749, 2010.
    doi:10.1109/TGRS.2010.2041063

    14. Liu, F., M. Antoniou, Z. Zeng, and M. Cherniakov, "Coherent change detection using passive GNSS-based BSAR: Experimental proof of concept," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., Vol. 51, 4544-4555, 2013.
    doi:10.1109/TGRS.2012.2231082

    15. Zhang, Q., W. Chang, and F. Yan, "Bistatic interferometer based on spaceborne SAR," Proceedings of IET International Radar Conference, 2013.

    16. Wang, W., J. Cai, and Q. Peng, "Near-space microwave radar remote sensing: Potentials and challenge analysis," Remote Sens., Vol. 2, 717-739, 2010.
    doi:10.3390/rs2030717

    17. Bamler, R. and P. Hartl, "Synthetic aperture radar interferome-try," Inverse Problems., Vol. 14, 1-54, 1998.
    doi:10.1088/0266-5611/14/4/001

    18. Zebker, H. A. and J. Villasenor, "Decorrelation in interferometric radar echoes," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., Vol. 30, 950-959, 1992.
    doi:10.1109/36.175330

    19. Rodriguez, E. and J. M. Martin, "Theory and design of interferometic synthetic aperture radars," IEE Proceeding --- F Radar and Signal Processing, Vol. 139, 147-159, 1992.
    doi:10.1049/ip-f-2.1992.0018

    20. Li, F. K. and R. M. Goldstein, "Studies of multi-baseline spaceborne interderometric synthetic aperture radars," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., Vol. 28, 88-97, 1990.
    doi:10.1109/36.45749

    21. Gatelli, F., A. M. Guarnieri, F. Parizzi, P. Pasquali, C. Parti, and F. Rocca, "The wavenumber shift in SAR interferometry," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., Vol. 32, 855-865, 1994.
    doi:10.1109/36.298013

    22. Massonnet, D., "Capabilities and limitations of the interferometric cartwheel," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., Vol. 39, 506-520, 2001.
    doi:10.1109/36.911109

    23. Krieger, G., H. Fiedler, J. Mittermayer, K. Papathanassiou, and A. Moreira, "Analysis of multistatic configurations for spaceborne SAR interferometry," IEE Proc. --- Radar Sonar Navig., Vol. 150, 87-96, 2003.
    doi:10.1049/ip-rsn:20030441

    24. Martone, M., B. Brautigam, and G. Krieger, "Decorrelation effects in bistatic TanDEM-X data," Proceedings of IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 5558-5561, 2012.

    25. Brautigam, B., M. Martone, and P. Rizzoli, "Interferometric performance of TanDEM-X global DEM acquisitions," Proceedings of 9th European Conference on Synthetic Aperture Radar, 82-92, 2012.

    26. Cherniakov, M., "Bistatic Radar: Principles and Practice," John Wiley & Sons, 2007.

    27. Wang, T. and Improving coherence, "Improving coherence ofcomplex image pairs obtained by along-track bistatic SARs using range-azimuth prefiltering," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., Vol. 46, 3-13, 2008.
    doi:10.1109/TGRS.2007.906872

    28. Li, F. K. and W. T. K. Johnson, "Ambiguities in spaceborne synthetic aperture radar systems," IEEE Trans. Aerosp. Electron. Syst., Vol. 19, 389-397, 1983.
    doi:10.1109/TAES.1983.309319

    19. Mcleod, I. H. and ENVISAT, "ENVISAT ASAR data reduction: Impact on SAR interferometry," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., Vol. 36, 589-602, 1998.
    doi:10.1109/36.662741

    30. Li, H., R. Wu, and P. Han, "A robust estimation method to coregistration error for InSAR interferomrtric phase," Proceedings of IEEE Radar Conference, 283-286, 2010.

    31. Zhang, Y., D. Liang, and Z. Dong, "Analysis of time and frequency synchronization errors in spaceborne parasitic InSAR system," Proceedings of IEEE Geoscience Remote Sensing Symposium, 3047-3050, 2006.

    32. Weib, M., "Synchronisation of bistatic radar systems," Proceedings of IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 1750-1753.

    33. Lee, J. S., K. W. Hoppel, and S. A. Mango, "Intensity and phase statistics of multilook polarimetric and interferometric SAR imagery," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., Vol. 32, 1017-1028, 1994.
    doi:10.1109/36.312890

    34. Hillman, A., P. Rolland, M. Chabot, R. Periard, P. Ledantec, and N. Martens, "and N. Martens," Proceedings of IEEE Geoscience Remote Sensing Symposium, 3480-3483, 2011.