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Shaped Beam Pattern Synthesis with Non-Uniform Sample Phases

By Joaquim Azevedo
Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 5, 77-90, 2008


For a long time power pattern synthesis has been considered to produce shaped beam patterns due to the number of degrees of freedom when compared with field pattern synthesis. However, severaladv antages exist if synthesis techniques are based on field patterns, since the relationship between the array factor and the source distribution is a Fourier transform. In this case, quicker and efficient algorithms are obtained with the Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) to perform the calculations. Therefore, this work presents a new technique that synthesizes shaped beam patterns through the control of non-uniformly samples of the array factor, both in amplitude and phase. The sample phases increase the number of degrees of freedom. To produce complex patterns, the sample phases of the shaped beam region are used to create more oscillations in the ripple structure than the ones produced with the realpatterns. Not only this procedure yields a narrower transition region between the beam zone and the sidelobe zone but also smaller dynamic range ratios are obtained. Furthermore, it is described how to impose nulls in prescribed directions of the complex patterns. Some examples are presented to demonstrate the application of the synthesis technique.


Joaquim Azevedo, "Shaped Beam Pattern Synthesis with Non-Uniform Sample Phases," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 5, 77-90, 2008.


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