Vol. 74

Front:[PDF file] Back:[PDF file]
Latest Volume
All Volumes
All Issues

Wideband RCS Reduction of Vivaldi Antenna Based on Substrate Integrated Waveguide

By Jingjing Xue, Wen Jiang, Shu-Xi Gong, and Shenghui Zhang
Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 74, 101-109, 2017


A novel design for radar cross section (RCS) reduction of a bilateral Vivaldi antenna is presented. The method for RCS reduction is based on the wave-guiding characteristic of the substrate integrated waveguide (SIW) structure, which guides the incident energy to the lateral side of antenna plane. The bistatic RCS is controlled under the premise of reducing the monostatic RCS. Compared with the reference antenna, a significant monostatic RCS reduction is achieved over a wide frequency band ranging from 5 GHz to 12 GHz, and a remarkable monostatic RCS reduction at 7 GHz is as much as 34.73 dB without obvious radiation performance degradation. To verify the proposed strategy, prototypes of the reference and proposed antennas have been fabricated and measured. Good agreements between the simulated and measured results demonstrate that the proposed method preserves the radiation performances well and achieves an outstanding wideband RCS reduction.


Jingjing Xue, Wen Jiang, Shu-Xi Gong, and Shenghui Zhang, "Wideband RCS Reduction of Vivaldi Antenna Based on Substrate Integrated Waveguide," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 74, 101-109, 2017.


    1. Knott, E. F., J. F. Shaeffer, and M. T. Tuley, Radar Cross Section, IET Digital Library, 2004.

    2. Chen, T., W. X. Li, Z. H. Yao, X.-X. He, and X. Wang, "A novel stealth Vivaldi antenna," Proceedings of International Conference on Microwave and Millimeter Wave Technology, 1-4, May 2012.

    3. Dikmen, C. M., S. Cimen, and G. Cakir, "Planar octagonal-shaped UWB antenna with reduced radar cross section," IEEE Trans. Antennas and Propag., Vol. 62, No. 6, 2946-2953, Jun. 2014.

    4. Wang, F. W., W. Jiang, T. Hong, H. Xue, S.-X. Gong, and Y.-Q. Zhang, "Radar cross section reduction of wideband antenna with a novel wideband radar absorbing materials," IET Microw. Antennas and Propag., Vol. 8, No. 7, 491-497, May 2014.

    5. Costa, F., S. Genovesi, and A. Monorchio, "A frequency selective absorbing ground plane for low-RCS microstrip antenna arrays," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 126, 317-332, 2012.

    6. Turpin, J. P., P. E. Sieber, and D. H.Werner, "Absorbing ground planes for reducing planar antenna radar cross-section based on frequency selective surfaces," IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., Vol. 12, 1456-1459, 2013.

    7. Xu, S. and Y.-M. Xu, "Research on active cancelation stealth technique," Optik-International Journal for Light and Electron Optics, Vol. 125, No. 20, 6219-6222, Oct. 2014.

    8. Singh, H. and R. M. Jha, "Active radar cross section reduction: Theory and applications," Teaching Sociology, Vol. 39, No. 3, 274-289, Mar. 2015.

    9. Xiang, Y. C., C. W. Qu, F. Su, and M.-J. Yang, "Active cancellation stealth analysis of warship for LFM radar," Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Signal Processing, 2109-2112, Oct. 2010.

    10. Liu, Y., K. Li, Y. T. Jia, Y.-W. Hao, S.-X. Gong, and Y. J. Guo, "Wideband RCS reduction of a slot array antenna using polarization conversion metasurfaces," IEEE Trans. Antennas and Propag., Vol. 64, No. 1, 326-331, Jan. 2016.

    11. Jia, Y. T., Y. Liu, Y. J. Guo, K. Li, and S.-X. Gong, "Broadband polarization rotation reflective surfaces and their application on RCS reduction," IEEE Trans. Antennas and Propag., Vol. 64, No. 1, 179-188, Jan. 2016.

    12. Gibson, P. J., "The Vivaldi aerial," Proceedings of the 9th European Microwave Conference, 101-105, Sept. 1979.

    13. Schaubert, D. H., S. Kasturi, and A. O. Boryssenko, "Vivaldi antenna arrays for wide bandwidth and electronic scanning," Proceedings of the 2nd European Conference on Antennas and propagation, 1-6, Nov. 2007.

    14. Liu, J. F., S.-X. Gong, Y. X. Xu, and X.-L. Zhang, "Study of RCS on the dual-index Vivaldi antenna," Space Electronic Technology, 26-29, 2011.

    15. Zhang, G. Q., L.-M. Xu, and A.-X. Chen, "RCS reduction of Vivaldi antenna array using a PSS boundary," Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Antenna, Propagation and EM Theory, 345-347, Nov. 2008.

    16. Jiang, W., Y.-P. Li, S.-X. Gong, and W. Wang, "Novel UWB Vivaldi antenna with low RCS," Proceedings of Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference, 1405-1407, Nov. 2014.

    17. Luo, T. and Z. P. Nie, "RCS reduction of antipodal Vivaldi antenna," Proceedings of Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference, 1-3, Dec. 2015.

    18. Jia, Y. T., Y. Liu, Y.-W. Hao, and S.-X. Gong, "Vivaldi antenna with reduced RCS using half-mode substrate integrated waveguide," IET Electron. Lett., Vol. 50, No. 5, 345-346, Feb. 2014.

    19. Jiang, W., J. J. Xue, and L. Yang, "Novel design for RCS reduction of Vivaldi antenna," Proceeding of the 4th Asia-Pacific Conference on Antennas and Propagation, 608-609, Jun. 2015.

    20. Deslandes, D. and K. Wu, "Integrated microstrip and rectangular waveguide in planar form," IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett., Vol. 11, No. 2, 68-70, Feb. 2001.

    21. Hong, W., B. Liu, Y. Q. Wang, Q.-H. Lai, H.-J. Tang, X.-X. Yin, Y.-D. Dong, Y. Zhang, and K. Wu, "Half mode substrate integrated waveguide: A new guided wave structure for microwave and millimeter wave application," Proceeding of the 31st International Conference on Infrared Millimeter Waves and the 14th International Conference on Terahertz, 219-219, Sept. 2006.

    22. Grigoropoulos, N., B. Sanz-Izquierdo, and P. R. Young, "Substrate integrated folded waveguides (SIFW) and filters," IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett., Vol. 15, No. 12, 829-831, Dec. 2005.

    23. Coq, M. L., E. Rius, J. F. Favennec, C. Quendo, B. Potelon, L. Estagerie, P. Moroni, B. Bonnet, and A. E. Mostrah, "Miniaturized C-band SIW filters using high-permittivity ceramic substrates," IEEE Trans. Compon. Packag. Manuf. Technol., Vol. 5, No. 5, 620-626, May 2015.

    24. Pourghorban Saghati, A., A. Pourghorban Saghati, and K. Entesari, "Ultra-miniature SIW cavity resonators and filters," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., Vol. 63, No. 12, 1-12, Dec. 2015.

    25. Tan, L. R., R. X. Wu, and P. Yin, "Magnetically reconfigurable SIW antenna with tunable frequencies and polarizations," EEE Trans. Antennas and Propag., Vol. 63, No. 6, 2772-2776, Jun. 2015.

    26. Guan, D. F., C. Ding, Z.-P. Qian, Y.-S. Zhang, W.-Q. Cao, and E. Dutkiewicz, "An SIW based large-scale corporate-feed array antenna," IEEE Trans. Antennas and Propag., Vol. 63, No. 7, 2969-2976, Jul. 2015.

    27. Li, G. L., K. J. Song, F. Zhang, and Y. Zhu, "Novel four-way multilayer SIW power divider with slot coupling structure," EEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett., Vol. 25, No. 12, 799-801, Dec. 2015.

    28. Xu, F. and K. Wu, "Guided-wave and leakage characteristics of substrate integrated waveguide," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., Vol. 53, No. 1, 66-73, Jan. 2005.