The electromagnetic characteristics of two-dimensional composite right/left-handed transmission lines (2D CRLH TLs) were investigated for the normal incidence of plane waves. The measured characteristic impedance and reflection phases exhibited resonant high impedance properties (equivalent to zero reflection phase) at a frequency within the left-handed mode for one-dimensional CRLH TL. An equivalent circuit was proposed to explain the measured characteristics. The relationship between the resonant frequency and the circuit parameters for 2D CRLH TLs was clarified by deriving an approximate equation for the resonant frequency. The surface-wave transmission characteristics for the 2D CRLH TLs were compared with those for a mushroom structure.
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