Vol. 83
Latest Volume
All Volumes
PIERC 127 [2022] PIERC 126 [2022] PIERC 125 [2022] PIERC 124 [2022] PIERC 123 [2022] PIERC 122 [2022] PIERC 121 [2022] PIERC 120 [2022] PIERC 119 [2022] PIERC 118 [2022] PIERC 117 [2021] PIERC 116 [2021] PIERC 115 [2021] PIERC 114 [2021] PIERC 113 [2021] PIERC 112 [2021] PIERC 111 [2021] PIERC 110 [2021] PIERC 109 [2021] PIERC 108 [2021] PIERC 107 [2021] PIERC 106 [2020] PIERC 105 [2020] PIERC 104 [2020] PIERC 103 [2020] PIERC 102 [2020] PIERC 101 [2020] PIERC 100 [2020] PIERC 99 [2020] PIERC 98 [2020] PIERC 97 [2019] PIERC 96 [2019] PIERC 95 [2019] PIERC 94 [2019] PIERC 93 [2019] PIERC 92 [2019] PIERC 91 [2019] PIERC 90 [2019] PIERC 89 [2019] PIERC 88 [2018] PIERC 87 [2018] PIERC 86 [2018] PIERC 85 [2018] PIERC 84 [2018] PIERC 83 [2018] PIERC 82 [2018] PIERC 81 [2018] PIERC 80 [2018] PIERC 79 [2017] PIERC 78 [2017] PIERC 77 [2017] PIERC 76 [2017] PIERC 75 [2017] PIERC 74 [2017] PIERC 73 [2017] PIERC 72 [2017] PIERC 71 [2017] PIERC 70 [2016] PIERC 69 [2016] PIERC 68 [2016] PIERC 67 [2016] PIERC 66 [2016] PIERC 65 [2016] PIERC 64 [2016] PIERC 63 [2016] PIERC 62 [2016] PIERC 61 [2016] PIERC 60 [2015] PIERC 59 [2015] PIERC 58 [2015] PIERC 57 [2015] PIERC 56 [2015] PIERC 55 [2014] PIERC 54 [2014] PIERC 53 [2014] PIERC 52 [2014] PIERC 51 [2014] PIERC 50 [2014] PIERC 49 [2014] PIERC 48 [2014] PIERC 47 [2014] PIERC 46 [2014] PIERC 45 [2013] PIERC 44 [2013] PIERC 43 [2013] PIERC 42 [2013] PIERC 41 [2013] PIERC 40 [2013] PIERC 39 [2013] PIERC 38 [2013] PIERC 37 [2013] PIERC 36 [2013] PIERC 35 [2013] PIERC 34 [2013] PIERC 33 [2012] PIERC 32 [2012] PIERC 31 [2012] PIERC 30 [2012] PIERC 29 [2012] PIERC 28 [2012] PIERC 27 [2012] PIERC 26 [2012] PIERC 25 [2012] PIERC 24 [2011] PIERC 23 [2011] PIERC 22 [2011] PIERC 21 [2011] PIERC 20 [2011] PIERC 19 [2011] PIERC 18 [2011] PIERC 17 [2010] PIERC 16 [2010] PIERC 15 [2010] PIERC 14 [2010] PIERC 13 [2010] PIERC 12 [2010] PIERC 11 [2009] PIERC 10 [2009] PIERC 9 [2009] PIERC 8 [2009] PIERC 7 [2009] PIERC 6 [2009] PIERC 5 [2008] PIERC 4 [2008] PIERC 3 [2008] PIERC 2 [2008] PIERC 1 [2008]
2018-04-16
A Compact Switched-Beam Planar Antenna Array for Wireless Sensors Operating at Wi-Fi Band
By
Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 83, 137-145, 2018
Abstract
In this work, the design of a switched beam antenna array based on an optimized Butler matrix feeding network was done with a compact microstrip structure and a set of microchip antennas working at 2.45 GHz. The obtained antenna feeding network was tuned and optimized by using suitable unsupervised techniques to obtain a compact and efficient structure. A microstrip antenna array prototype composed by four elements was fabricated and experimentally tested. Good impedance matching and radiation properties have been experimentally verified with reference to the main beam steering capability.
Citation
Massimo Donelli Toshifumi Moriyama Mohammedhusen Manekiya , "A Compact Switched-Beam Planar Antenna Array for Wireless Sensors Operating at Wi-Fi Band," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 83, 137-145, 2018.
doi:10.2528/PIERC18012004
http://www.jpier.org/PIERC/pier.php?paper=18012004
References

1. Bellofiore, S., C. Balanis, J. Foutz, and A. Spanias, "Smart antenna systems for mobile communication networks. Part 1: Overview and antenna design," IEEE Antennas Propagat. Mag., 145-154, 2002.
doi:10.1109/MAP.2002.1039395

2. Azaro, R., M. Donelli, L. Fimognari, and A. Massa, "A planar electronically reconfigurable Wi-Fi band antenna based on a parasitic microstrip structure," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 6, 623-626, 2007.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2007.908009

3. Donelli, M. and P. Febvre, "An inexpensive reconfigurable planar array for Wi-Fi applications," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 28, 71-81, 2012.
doi:10.2528/PIERC12012304

4. Rocca, P., M. Donelli, G. Oliveri, F. Viani, and A. Massa, "Reconfigurable sum-difference pattern by means of parasitic elements for forward-looking mono-pulse radar," IET Radar, Sonar and Navigation, Vol. 7, 747-754, 2013.
doi:10.1049/iet-rsn.2012.0300

5. Pozar, D., Microwave Engineering, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1998.

6. Wincza, K. and S. Gruszczynski, "Miniaturized quasi-lunped coupled-line single section and multisection directional couplers," IEEE Transaction Microwave Theory Techniques, Vol. 48, No. 11, 2924-2931, Nov. 2010.
doi:10.1109/TMTT.2010.2078970

7. Robinson, J., S. Sinton, and Y. Rahmat-Samii, "Particle swarm, genetic algorithm, and their hybrids: Optimization of a profiled corrugated horn antenna," IEEE Antennas Propagat. Soc. Int. Symp. Dig., Vol. 1, 314-317, 2002.
doi:10.1109/APS.2002.1016311

8. Azaro, R., F. De Natale, M. Donelli, and A. Massa, "PSO-based optimization of matching loads for lossy transmission lines," Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, Vol. 48, No. 8, 1485-1487, 2006.
doi:10.1002/mop.21738

9. Donelli, M., R. Azaro, A. Massa, and M. Raffetto, "Unsupervised synthesis of microwave components by means of an evolutionary-based tool exploiting distributed computing resources," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 56, 93-108, 2006.
doi:10.2528/PIER05010901

10. Donelli, M., R. Azaro, F. De Natale, and A. Massa, "An innovative computational approach based on a particle swarm strategy for adaptive phased-arrays control," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 54, No. 3, 888-898, Mar. 2006.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2006.869912

11. Donelli, M. and A. Massa, "A computational approach based on a particle swarm optimizer for microwave imaging of two-dimensional dielectric scatterers," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol. 53, No. 5, 1761-1776, May 2005.
doi:10.1109/TMTT.2005.847068

12. Robinson, J. and Y. Rahmat-Samii, "Particle swarm optimization in electromagnetics," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 52, No. 2, 397-407, 2004.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2004.823969

13. Chun, Y. H. and J. S. Hong, "Compact wide-band branch-line hybrids," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques,, Vol. 54, 704-709, 2013.
doi:10.1109/TMTT.2005.862657

14. Chiang, Y. C. and C. Y. Chen, "Design of a wideband lumped-element 3-dB quadrature coupler," IEEE Transaction Microwave Theory Techniques, Vol. 9, 476-479, 2001.
doi:10.1109/22.910551

15. Zheng, G., J. Papapolymerou, and M. Tentzeris, "Wideband coplanar waveguide RF probe pad to microstrip transistions without via holes," IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters, Vol. 12, 544-546, 2003.
doi:10.1109/LMWC.2003.820638

16. Rocca, P., M. Benedetti, M. Donelli, D. Franceschini, and A. Massa, "Evolutionary optimization as applied to inverse scattering problems," Inverse Problems, Vol. 25, 1-41, 2009.

17. Azaro, R., M. Donelli, M. Benedetti, P. Rocca, and A. Massa, "A GSM signals based positioning technique for mobile applications," Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, Vol. 50, No. 4, 2128-2130, 2008.
doi:10.1002/mop.23568

18. Caorsi, S., M. Donelli, A. Massa, and M. Raffetto, "Parallel implementation of an evolutionary-based automatic tool for microwave circuit synthesis: Preliminary results," Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, Vol. 35, No. 3, Nov. 2002.

19. Robinson, J. and R. Saami, "Particle swarm optimization in electromagnetics," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., Vol. 52, No. 2, 397-407, 2004.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2004.823969

20. Kennedy, J., R. C. Eberhart, and Y. Shi, Swarm Intelligence, Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco, 2001.

21. Clerc, M. and J. Kennedy, "The particle swarm explosion, stability, and convergence in a multidimensional complex space," IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation, Vol. 6, No. 1, 58-73, 2002.
doi:10.1109/4235.985692

22. Azaro, R., M. Donelli, D. Franceschini, E. Zeni, and A. Massa, "Optimized synthesis of a miniaturized SARSAT band pre-fractal antenna," Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, Vol. 48, No. 11, 2205-2207, 2006.
doi:10.1002/mop.21922

23. Azaro, R., G. Boato, M. Donelli, A. Massa, and E. Zeni, "Design of a pre-fractal mono-polar antenna for 3.4-3.6 GHz Wi-Max band portable devices," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 5, No. 1, 116-119, Dec. 2006.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2006.872427

24. Azaro, R., F. De Natale, E. Zeni, M. Donelli, and A. Massa, "Synthesis of a pre-fractal dual-band mono-polar antenna for GPS applications," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 5, No. 1, 361-364, Dec. 2006.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2006.880695

25. Donelli, M., M. D. Rukanuzzaman, and C. Saavedra, "A methodology for the design of microwave systems and circuits using an evolutionary algorithm," Progress In Electromagnetic Research Letters, Vol. 31, 129-141, 2013.
doi:10.2528/PIERM13041607

26. Donelli, M., M. D. Rukanuzzaman, and C. Saavedra, "Design and optimization of a broadband X-band bidirectional," Microwave and Optical Technology Letter, Vol. 55, 1730-1735, 2013.
doi:10.1002/mop.27712

27. Donelli, M., R. Azaro, A. Massa, and M. Raffetto, "Unsupervised synthesis of microwave components by means of an evolutionary-based tool exploiting distributed computing resources," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 56, 93-108, 2006.
doi:10.2528/PIER05010901