Vol. 88

Front:[PDF file] Back:[PDF file]
Latest Volume
All Volumes
All Issues

Design and Experimental Verification of Adaptive Speed Region Control for Hybrid Excitation Claw-Pole Synchronous Machine

By Yang Zhang, Quanzhen Huang, Mingming Huang, Duane Decker, and Yuhao Qing
Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 88, 195-205, 2018


With combining the advantages of the hybrid excited synchronous machine and claw pole machine, hybrid excitation claw-pole synchronous machine (HECPSM) exhibits merits of controllable flux operation and independent flux paths. One novel wide range adaptive speed region control strategy is proposed in this paper, based on the analysis of the field control capability of HECPSM and the space vector control. Independent control methods of maximum torque per ampere (MTPA), space vector and minimum copper loss (MCL) control were employed for the proposed machine during three different speed regions in order to obtain satisfied performance in the whole speed range. The correctness and effectiveness of the proposed adaptive speed region control strategy and drive system design were verified by simulation and experimental results, which demonstrated that the proposed control strategy maximized the range of speed regulation while exhibiting the high efficiency.


Yang Zhang, Quanzhen Huang, Mingming Huang, Duane Decker, and Yuhao Qing, "Design and Experimental Verification of Adaptive Speed Region Control for Hybrid Excitation Claw-Pole Synchronous Machine," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 88, 195-205, 2018.


    1. Spooner, E., S. W. Khatab, and N. G. Nicolaou, "Hybrid excitation of AC and DC machine," Proceedings of the International Conference on Electrical Machines and Drives, 1989 IEE Electrical Machines and Drives Conferenc, 48-52, 1989.

    2. Chan, C. C., K. T. Chau, and J. Z. Jiang, "Novel permanent magnet motor drives for electric vehicles," IEEE Trans. Ind. Electr., Vol. 43, No. 2, 331-339, Apr. 1996.

    3. Peniak, A., J. Makarovic, P. Rafajdus, V. Vavrus, P. Makys, K. Buhr, and R. Fajtl, "Design and optimization of switched reluctance motor for electrical vehicles," Electr. Eng., Vol. 99, No. 4, 1393-1401, Jul. 2017.

    4. Fuchs, E. F. and M. H. Myat, "Speed and torque range increases of electric drives through compensation of flux weakening," 2010 Power Electronics, Electrical Drives, Automation and Motion Conference, 1569-1574, 2010.

    5. Amara, Y., L. Vido, M. Gabsi, E. Hoang, and B. Hamid, "Hybrid excitation synchronous machines: Energy-efficient solution for vehicles propulsion," IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., Vol. 58, No. 5, 2137-2149, Nov. 2009.

    6. Zhang, Z., Y. Yan, and S. Yang, "Principle of operation and feature investigation of a new topology of hybrid excitation synchronous machine," IEEE Trans. Magn., Vol. 44, No. 9, 2174-2180, Aug. 2008.

    7. Lawler, J. S., J. Bailey, and J. McKeever, "Minimum current magnitude control of surface PM synchronous machines during constant power operation," IEEE Power Electr. Lett., Vol. 3, No. 2, 53-56, Jul. 2005.

    8. Liu, C. C., J. G. Zhu, Y. H. Wang, Y. G. Guo, and G. Lei, "Comparison of claw-pole machines with different rotor structures," IEEE Trans. Magn., Vol. 51, No. 11, 8110904, Jun. 2015.

    9. Deodhar, R. P., A. Pride, and J. J. Bremner, "Design method and experimental verification of a novel technique for torque ripple reduction in stator claw-pole PM machines," IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., Vol. 51, No. 5, 3743-3750, May 2015.

    10. Balagurov, B. A., "Electric generators with permanent magnets," Elektroatomizdat, 1988.

    11. Chen, J. J. and K. P. Chin, "Minimum copper loss flux weakening control of surface mounted permanent magnet synchronous motors," IEEE Trans. Ind. Electr., Vol. 18, No. 4, 929-936, Jul. 2003.

    12. Chan, C. C., R. Zhang, and K. T. Chau, "Optimal efficiency control of PM hybrid motor drives for electrical vehicles," 1997 Power Electronics Specialists Conference, 363-368, 1997.

    13. Gabriele, B., F. G. Capponi, G. D. Donato, and F. Caricchi, "Closed-loop flux-weakening control of hybrid-excitation synchronous machine drives," IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., Vol. 53, No. 2, 1116-1126, Dec. 2017.

    14. Chen, J. J., "Automatic flux-weakening control of permanent magnet synchronous motors using a reduced-order controller," IEEE Trans. Ind. Electr., Vol. 15, No. 5, 881-890, Sep. 2000.

    15. Shinnaka, S., "New dynamic mathematical model and new dynamic vector simulators of hybrid-field synchronous motors," 2005 Electric Machines and Drives Conference, 882-889, 2005.

    16. Shinnaka, S., "New optimal current control methods for energy-efficient and wide speed-range operation of hybrid-field synchronous motor," IEEE Trans. Ind. Electr., Vol. 54, No. 5, 2443-2450, Jul. 2007.

    17. Huang, M. M., H. Y. Lin, Y. K. Huang, P. Jin, and Y. J. Guo, "Fuzzy control flux weakening of hybrid excitation synchronous motor based on particle swarm optimization algorithm," IEEE Trans. Magn., Vol. 48, No. 11, 2989-2992, Oct. 2012.

    18. Zhang, Q. F. and S. M. Cui, "Hybrid switched reluctance motor applied in electric vehicle," 2007 IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion, 359-363, 2007.

    19. Wang, Y. and Z. Deng, "Hybrid excitation topologies and control strategies of stator permanent magnet machines for DC power system," IEEE Trans. Ind. Electr., Vol. 59, No. 12, 4601-1615, Jan. 2012.

    20. Yang, C. F., H. Y. Lin, J. Guo, and Z. Q. Zhu, "Design and analysis of a novel hybrid excitation synchronous machine with asymmetrically stagger permanent magnet," IEEE Trans. Magn., Vol. 44, No. 11, 4353-4356, Dec. 2008.

    21. Kaehler, C. and G. Henneberger, "Transient 3-D FEM computation of eddy-current losses in the rotor of a claw-pole alternator," IEEE Trans. Magn., Vol. 40, No. 2, 1362-1365, Apr. 2004.

    22. Mohammadi, A. S., J. P. Trovão, and R. D. Maxime, "Hybridisation ratio for hybrid excitation synchronous motors in electric vehicles with enhanced performance," IET Electr. Syst. Transp., Vol. 8, No. 1, 12-19, Feb. 2018.

    23. Zhang, Z. R., Y. Liu, B. Tian, and W. J. Wang, "Investigation and implementation of a new hybrid excitation synchronous machine drive system," IET Electr. Power Appl., Vol. 11, No. 4, 487-494, Apr. 2017.

    24. Michal, B., "A gain-scheduled multivariable LQR controller for hybrid excitation synchronous machine," 2015 Methods and Models in Automation and Robotics Conference, 24-27, Sep. 2015.