Vol. 108

Front:[PDF file] Back:[PDF file]
Latest Volume
All Volumes
All Issues
2021-01-22

Novel Single/Dual Circularly Polarized Antennas Based on Polarization-Conversion Reflective Metasurfaces

By Yufang Wang and Yuehe Ge
Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 108, 237-251, 2021
doi:10.2528/PIERC20102802

Abstract

We propose single/dual circularly-polarized (CP) antennas based on reflective metasurfaces with cross-polarization conversion. By suspending a probe-fed printed bow-tie dipole or a crossed bow-tie dipole above the reflective polarization-conversion metasurface and appropriately tuning the distance between them, a single-CP or a dual-CP antenna is generated. The theoretical design principle on this novel CP antenna structure has been discussed. Simulations and experiments are conducted to validate the design principle. The measured results show that the proposed single-CP antenna has achieved a 3-dB axial ratio (AR) bandwidth of 8.0%, from 12.67 to 13.72 GHz, and a peak gain of 8.03 dBi, while the dual-CP antenna exhibits a dual-CP AR bandwidth of 7.1%, from 13.09 to 14.05 GHz, and peak gains of 8.49 dBi and 7.03 dBi for left-handed circular polarization (LHCP) and right-handed circular polarization (RHCP), respectively. The measured isolation between the two ports of the dual-CP antenna is less than -20 dB. The operating frequency of the proposed antennas can be easily scaled to other frequencies that are applied to some specific wireless applications.

Citation


Yufang Wang and Yuehe Ge, "Novel Single/Dual Circularly Polarized Antennas Based on Polarization-Conversion Reflective Metasurfaces," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 108, 237-251, 2021.
doi:10.2528/PIERC20102802
http://www.jpier.org/PIERC/pier.php?paper=20102802

References


    1. Choi, E., J. W. Lee, and T. Lee, "Modified S-band satellite antenna with isoflux pattern and circularly polarized wide beamwidth," IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., Vol. 12, 1319-1322, 2013.
    doi:10.1109/LAWP.2013.2285231

    2. Gonzalez, I., J. Gomez, A. Tayebi, and F. Catedra, "Optimization of a dual-band helical antennas for TTC applications at S band," IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag., Vol. 54, No. 4, 63-77, Aug. 2012.
    doi:10.1109/MAP.2012.6309158

    3. Wu, Z., L. Li, Y. Li, and X. Chen, "Metasurface superstrate antenna with wideband circular polarization for satellite communication application," IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., Vol. 15, 374-377, 2016.
    doi:10.1109/LAWP.2015.2446505

    4. Chung, K. L., "High-performance circularly polarized antenna array using metamaterial-line based feed network," IEEE Trans. Antennas and Propag., Vol. 61, No. 12, 6233-6237, Dec. 2013.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2013.2282296

    5. Deng, C., Y. Li, Z. Zhang, and Z. Feng, "A wideband sequential-phase fed circularly polarized patch array," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 62, No. 7, 3890-3893, Jul. 2014.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2014.2321380

    6. SalarRahimi, M., V. Volski, and G. A. E. Vandenbosch, "Mutual coupling-based compact wideband circularly polarized antenna," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 67, No. 7, 4872-4877, Jul. 2019.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2019.2916679

    7. Yang, S. L. S., K. F. Lee, and A. A. Kishk, "Design and study of wideband single feed circularly polarized microstrip antennas," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 80, 45-61, 2008.
    doi:10.2528/PIER07110604

    8. Yang, W., J. Zhou, Z. Yu, and L. Li, "Single-fed low profile broadband circularly polarized stacked patch antenna," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 62, No. 10, 5406-5410, Oct. 2014.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2014.2344657

    9. Abdulkarim, Y. I., L. W. Deng, J. L. Yang, S. Colak, M. Karaaslan, S. X. Huang, L. H. He, and H. Luo, "Tunable left-hand characteristics in multi-nested square-split-ring enabled metamaterials," J. Cent. South Univ., Vol. 27, 1235-1246, 2020.
    doi:10.1007/s11771-020-4363-5

    10. Alkurt, F. O. and M. Karaaslan, "Pattern reconfigurable metasurface to improve characteristics of low profile antenna parameters," Int. J. RF Microw. Comput. Aided. Eng., Vol. 29, e21790, 2019.

    11. Yang, F. and Y. Rahmat-Samii, "A low profile single dipole antenna radiating circularly polarized waves," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 53, No. 9, 3083-3086, Sep. 2005.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2005.854536

    12. Agarwal, K., Nasimuddin, and A. Alphones, "Wideband circularly polarized AMC reflector backed aperture antenna," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 61, No. 3, 1456-1461, Mar. 2013.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2012.2227446

    13. Nakamura, T. and T. Fukusako, "Broadband design of circularly polarized microstrip patch antenna using artificial ground," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 59, No. 6, 2103-2110, Jun. 2011.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2011.2143656

    14. Zhu, H. L., S. W. Cheung, K. L. Chung, and T. I. Yuk, "Linear-to-circular polarization conversion using metasurface," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 61, No. 9, 4615-4623, Sep. 2013.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2013.2267712

    15. Lin, C., Y. Ge, T. S. Bird, and K. Liu, "Circularly polarized horns based on standard horns and a metasurface polarizer," IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., Vol. 17, No. 3, 480-484, Mar. 2018.
    doi:10.1109/LAWP.2018.2796641

    16. Palma, L. D., A. Clemente, L. Dussopt, R. Sauleau, P. Potier, and P. Pouliguen, "Circularly polarized transmitarray with sequential rotation in Ka-band," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 63, No. 11, 5118-5124, Nov. 2015.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2015.2474149

    17. Liu, Y. and Y. Ge, "Polarization-reconfigurable flat transmitarray based on square frame and crossed dipole elements," IEICE Trans. Commun., Vol. E100.B, No. 10, 1904-1910, Oct. 2017.
    doi:10.1587/transcom.2016EBP3440

    18. Chen, Y. Y., Y. Ge, and T. S. Bird, "An offset reflectarray antenna for multipolarization applications," IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., Vol. 15, 1353-1356, 2016.
    doi:10.1109/LAWP.2015.2508919

    19. Ta, S. X. and I. Park, "Low-profile broadband circularly polarized patch antenna using metasurface," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 63, No. 12, 5929-5934, Dec. 2015.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2015.2487993

    20. Ta, S. X. and I. Park, "Planar wideband circularly polarized metasurfacebased antenna array," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 30, No. 12, 1620-1630, 2016.
    doi:10.1080/09205071.2016.1210038

    21. Lu, L., Y.-C. Jiao, W. Liang, and H. Zhang, "A novel low-profile dual circularly polarized dielectric resonator antenna," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 64, No. 9, 4078-4083, Sep. 2016.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2016.2574882

    22. Zheng, Y., M. Gao, and X. Zhao, "A novel patch array antenna with wideband and dual sense circular polarization characteristics for WiMAX & WLAN applications," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 99, 123-132, 2020.
    doi:10.2528/PIERC19111703

    23. Ferreira, R., J. Joubert, and J. W. Odendaal, "A compact dual-circularly polarized cavity-backed ring-slot antenna," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 65, No. 1, 364-368, Jan. 2017.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2016.2623654

    24. Zhu, J., S. Liao, Y. Yang, S. Li, and Q. Xue, "60-GHz dual circularly polarized planar aperture antenna and array," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 66, No. 2, 1014-1019, Feb. 2018.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2017.2784445

    25. Yang, W., Q. Meng, W. Che, L. Gu, and Q. Xue, "Low-profile wideband dual-circularly polarized metasurface antenna array with large beamwidth," IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., Vol. 17, No. 9, 1613-1616, Sep. 2018.
    doi:10.1109/LAWP.2018.2857625

    26. Huang, R., Z. Wang, G. Li, C. Lin, Y. Ge, and J. Pu, "A metasurface-enabled wideband high-gain dual-circularly-polarized fabry-perot resonator antenna," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett., Vol. 62, No. 10, 3195-3202, 2020.
    doi:10.1002/mop.32422

    27. Mao, C., Y. Yang, X. He, J. Zheng, and T. Liu, "Design of high-gain dual-band dual-circular-polarised antenna using reflective metasurface," Electron. Lett., Vol. 53, No. 22, 1448-1450, Oct. 2017.
    doi:10.1049/el.2017.2479

    28. Cui, Y. H., R. L. Li, and H. Z. Fu, "A broadband dual-polarized planar antenna for 2G/3G/LTE base stations," IEEE Trans. Antennas and Propag., Vol. 62, No. 9, 4836-4840, 2014.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2014.2330596

    29. Awl, H. N., Y. I. Abdulkarim, L. Deng, M. Bakir, F. F. Muhammadsharif, M. Karaaslan, E. Unal, and H. Luo, "Bandwidth improvement in bow-tie microstrip antennas: The effect of substrate type and design dimensions," Appl. Sci., Vol. 10, No. 2, 504, 2020.
    doi:10.3390/app10020504

    30. Milligan, T. A., Modern Antenna Design, 2nd Ed., Wiley, Hoboken, 2005.
    doi:10.1002/0471720615

    31. Yin, J. Y., X. Wan, Q. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, "Ultra wideband polarization-selective conversion of electromagnetic waves by metasurface under large-range incidence angles," Sci. Rep., Vol. 5, 12476, 2015.
    doi:10.1038/srep12476