Vol. 111
Latest Volume
All Volumes
PIERC 127 [2022] PIERC 126 [2022] PIERC 125 [2022] PIERC 124 [2022] PIERC 123 [2022] PIERC 122 [2022] PIERC 121 [2022] PIERC 120 [2022] PIERC 119 [2022] PIERC 118 [2022] PIERC 117 [2021] PIERC 116 [2021] PIERC 115 [2021] PIERC 114 [2021] PIERC 113 [2021] PIERC 112 [2021] PIERC 111 [2021] PIERC 110 [2021] PIERC 109 [2021] PIERC 108 [2021] PIERC 107 [2021] PIERC 106 [2020] PIERC 105 [2020] PIERC 104 [2020] PIERC 103 [2020] PIERC 102 [2020] PIERC 101 [2020] PIERC 100 [2020] PIERC 99 [2020] PIERC 98 [2020] PIERC 97 [2019] PIERC 96 [2019] PIERC 95 [2019] PIERC 94 [2019] PIERC 93 [2019] PIERC 92 [2019] PIERC 91 [2019] PIERC 90 [2019] PIERC 89 [2019] PIERC 88 [2018] PIERC 87 [2018] PIERC 86 [2018] PIERC 85 [2018] PIERC 84 [2018] PIERC 83 [2018] PIERC 82 [2018] PIERC 81 [2018] PIERC 80 [2018] PIERC 79 [2017] PIERC 78 [2017] PIERC 77 [2017] PIERC 76 [2017] PIERC 75 [2017] PIERC 74 [2017] PIERC 73 [2017] PIERC 72 [2017] PIERC 71 [2017] PIERC 70 [2016] PIERC 69 [2016] PIERC 68 [2016] PIERC 67 [2016] PIERC 66 [2016] PIERC 65 [2016] PIERC 64 [2016] PIERC 63 [2016] PIERC 62 [2016] PIERC 61 [2016] PIERC 60 [2015] PIERC 59 [2015] PIERC 58 [2015] PIERC 57 [2015] PIERC 56 [2015] PIERC 55 [2014] PIERC 54 [2014] PIERC 53 [2014] PIERC 52 [2014] PIERC 51 [2014] PIERC 50 [2014] PIERC 49 [2014] PIERC 48 [2014] PIERC 47 [2014] PIERC 46 [2014] PIERC 45 [2013] PIERC 44 [2013] PIERC 43 [2013] PIERC 42 [2013] PIERC 41 [2013] PIERC 40 [2013] PIERC 39 [2013] PIERC 38 [2013] PIERC 37 [2013] PIERC 36 [2013] PIERC 35 [2013] PIERC 34 [2013] PIERC 33 [2012] PIERC 32 [2012] PIERC 31 [2012] PIERC 30 [2012] PIERC 29 [2012] PIERC 28 [2012] PIERC 27 [2012] PIERC 26 [2012] PIERC 25 [2012] PIERC 24 [2011] PIERC 23 [2011] PIERC 22 [2011] PIERC 21 [2011] PIERC 20 [2011] PIERC 19 [2011] PIERC 18 [2011] PIERC 17 [2010] PIERC 16 [2010] PIERC 15 [2010] PIERC 14 [2010] PIERC 13 [2010] PIERC 12 [2010] PIERC 11 [2009] PIERC 10 [2009] PIERC 9 [2009] PIERC 8 [2009] PIERC 7 [2009] PIERC 6 [2009] PIERC 5 [2008] PIERC 4 [2008] PIERC 3 [2008] PIERC 2 [2008] PIERC 1 [2008]
2021-04-06
Design of a 3-Port Compact MIMO Antenna Based on Characteristics Mode Analysis Approach
By
Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 111, 173-189, 2021
Abstract
In this paper, a 3-port compact MIMO antenna is designed using Characteristics Mode Analysis (CMA). It consists of three antenna elements. Ant-1 is 45˚ tilted, and Ant-2 and Ant-3 has L-bend transitions. Ant-2 is 1/4th, and Ant-3 is 1/2 in size w.r.t. Ant-1. To improve 10-dB impedance bandwidth and isolation > 17 dB, fractal slot is etched at bottom, and deformity in antenna structures has three distinct modes. Ant-1 operates in UWB mode from (4.8-10.6) GHz with 75.32% IBW, and Ant-2 and Ant-3 operate in wide-band mode from (8.1-10.8) GHz with 28.57% IBW and from (7.2-9.8) GHz with 30.58% IBW. CMA is utilized to investigate the anonymous behaviour of antenna, predicts modal significance (MS), characteristics angle (CA) and eigen values (EV). From these parameters bandwidth potential, radiation energy source and Q-factor are estimated. For investigations first six modes are swept in modal navigator, where dominant modes are traced as ideal antenna resonant modes, and unwanted modes are neglected. The antenna gain is (3-7) dBi with ECC < 0.08. The proposed antenna is fabricated and measured for validation. From the outcomes, it is found suitable for UWB, air traffic and defense tracking, meteorological, amateur satellite, maritime vessel traffic controlling, and X-band satellite applications.
Citation
Asutosh Mohanty Bikash Ranjan Behera , "Design of a 3-Port Compact MIMO Antenna Based on Characteristics Mode Analysis Approach," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 111, 173-189, 2021.
doi:10.2528/PIERC21012001
http://www.jpier.org/PIERC/pier.php?paper=21012001
References

1. Shim, B. and B. Lee, "Evolution of MIMO technology," The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences, Vol. 38, No. 8, 712-723, 2013.
doi:10.7840/kics.2013.38A.8.712

2. Marzetta, T. L., "Massive MIMO: An introduction," Bell Labs Technical Journal, Vol. 20, No. 8, 11-22, 2015.
doi:10.15325/BLTJ.2015.2407793

3. Mohammad, S. S., Printed MIMO Antenna Engineering, Artech House, 2014.

4. Jusoh, M., M. F. Bin Jamlos, M. R. Kamarudin, and M. F. Bin Abd Malek, "A MIMO antenna design challenges for UWB application," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 36, 357-371, 2012.
doi:10.2528/PIERB11092701

5. Sharawi, M. S., "Printed MIMO antenna systems: Performance metrics, implementations and challenges," Forum for Electromagnetic Research Methods and Application Technologies (FERMAT), Vol. 1, 1-11, 2014.

6. Chiu, C.-Y., J.-B. Yan, and R. D. Murch, "Compact three-port orthogonally polarized MIMO antennas," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 6, 619-622, 2007.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2007.913272

7. Sarrazin, J., Y. Mahe, S. Avrillon, and S. Toutain, "Investigation on cavity/slot antennas for diversity and MIMO systems: The example of a three-port antenna," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 7, 414-417, 2008.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2008.2000830

8. Kotb, I. E., R. S. Ghoname, H. H. Ghoz, and H. Kaldass, "Three port MIMO antenna for 4G application," International Journal of Advancements in Research & Technology, Vol. 1, No. 4, 1-3, 2012.

9. Wang, H., L. Liu, Z. Zhang, and Z. Feng, "Wideband tri-port MIMO antenna with compact size and directional radiation pattern," Electronics Letters, Vol. 50, No. 18, 1261-1262, 2014.
doi:10.1049/el.2014.2291

10. Wang, H., L. Liu, Z. Zhang, Y. Li, and Z. Feng, "Ultra-compact three-port MIMO antenna with high isolation and directional radiation patterns," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 13, 1545-1548, 2014.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2014.2344104

11. Bahramzy, P., S. Svendsen, and G. F. Pedersen, "Isolation between three antennas at 700 MHz: For handheld terminals," IET Microwaves, Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 9, No. 3, 237-242, 2014.
doi:10.1049/iet-map.2014.0313

12. Sharma, Y., D. Sarkar, K. Saurav, and K. V. Srivastava, "Three-element MIMO antenna system with pattern and polarization diversity for WLAN applications," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 16, , 1163-1166, 2016.

13. Abdalrazik, A., A. S. Abd El-Hameed, and A. B. Abdel-Rahman, "A three-port MIMO dielectric resonator antenna using decoupled modes," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 16, 3104-3107, 2017.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2017.2763426

14. Deng, J.-Y., J.-Y. Li, and L.-X. Guo, "Decoupling of a three-port MIMO antenna with different impedances using reactively loaded dummy elements," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 17, No. 3, 430-433, 2018.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2018.2793939

15. Saurav, K., N. K. Mallat, and Y. M. M. Antar, "A three-port polarization and pattern diversity ring antenna," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 17, No. 7, 1324-1328, 2018.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2018.2844170

16. Swapna, S. P., G. S. Karthikeya, S. K. Koul, and A. Basu, "Three-port pattern diversity antenna module for 5.2 GHz ceiling-mounted WLAN access points," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 98, 57-67, 2020.
doi:10.2528/PIERC19101605

17. Chen, W.-S. and R.-D. Lin, "Three-port MIMO antennas for laptop computers using an isolation element as a radiator," International Journal of RF and Microwave Computer-Aided Engineering, 2020.

18. Garbacz, R. J., "Modal expansions for resonance scattering phenomena," Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 53, No. 8, 856-864, 1965.
doi:10.1109/PROC.1965.4064

19. Harrington, R. and J. Mautz, "Theory of characteristic modes for conducting bodies," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 19, No. 5, 622-628, 1971.
doi:10.1109/TAP.1971.1139999

20. Mohanty, A. and B. R. Behera, "Investigation of 2-port UWB MIMO diversity antenna design using characteristics mode analysis," AEU --- International Journal of Electronics and Communications, Vol. 124, No. 5, 153361, 2020.
doi:10.1016/j.aeue.2020.153361

21. Zhao, X., S. P. Yeo, and L. C. Ong, "Planar UWB MIMO antenna with pattern diversity and isolation improvement for mobile platform based on the theory of characteristic modes," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 66, No. 1, 420-425, 2017.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2017.2768083

22. Perli, B. R. and A. M. Rao, "Characteristic mode analysis of wideband microstrip antenna," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 97, 201-212, 2019.
doi:10.2528/PIERC19091401

23. Elshirkasi, A. M., A. Abdullah Al-Hadi, M. F. Mansor, R. Khan, and P. J. Soh, "Envelope correlation coefficient of a two-port MIMO terminal antenna under uniform and Gaussian angular power spectrum with user’s hand effect," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 92, 123-136, 2019.
doi:10.2528/PIERC19011006

24. Kildal, P.-S. and K. Rosengren, "Correlation and capacity of MIMO systems and mutual coupling, radiation efficiency, and diversity gain of their antennas: Simulations and measurements in a reverberation chamber," IEEE Communications Magazine, Vol. 42, No. 12, 104-112, 2004.
doi:10.1109/MCOM.2004.1367562

25. Anguera, J., J.-P. Daniel, C. Borja, J. Mumbru, C. Puente, T. Leduc, N. Laeveren, and P. van Roy, "Metallized foams for fractal-shaped microstrip antennas," IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, Vol. 50, No. 6, 20-37, 2008.
doi:10.1109/MAP.2008.4772718

26. Anguera, J., C. Puente, C. Borja, and J. Soler, "Fractal shaped antennas: A review," Wiley Encyclopedia of RF and Microwave Engineering, Vol. 2, 1620-1635, edited by K. Chang, 2005.

27. Mohanty, A. and S. Sahu, "High isolation two-port compact MIMO fractal antenna with Wi-Max and X-band suppression characteristics," International Journal of RF and Microwave Computer-Aided Engineering, Vol. 30, No. 1, e22021, 2020.
doi:10.1002/mmce.22021

28. Valagiannopoulos, C., "On measuring the permittivity tensor of an anisotropic material from the transmission coefficients," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 9, 105-116, 2008.
doi:10.2528/PIERB08072005

29. Zhou, T., T. Hu, and Z. Ge, "Dispersive rayleigh wave attenuation using inverse-dispersion method," ASEG Extended Abstracts, 1-4, 2010.

30. Tagay, Z. and C. Valagiannopoulos, "Highly selective transmission and absorption from metasurfaces of periodically corrugated cylindrical particles," Phys. Rev. B, Vol. 98, No. 11, 115306, 10 Pages, 2018.
doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.98.115306

31. Siddiqui, O. F. and A. S. Mohra, "Microwave dielectric sensing in hyperbolically dispersive media," IEEE Sensors Letters, Vol. 1, No. 6, 1-4, 2017.
doi:10.1109/LSENS.2017.2768320

32. Valagiannopoulos, C. A. and S. A. Tretyakov, "Symmetric absorbers realized as gratings of PEC cylinders covered by ordinary dielectrics," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 62, No. 10, 5089-5098, 2014.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2014.2340891

33. Alitalo, P., C. A. Valagiannopoulos, and S. A. Tretyakov, "Simple cloak for antenna blockage reduction," 2011 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation (APSURSI), 669-672, Spokane, WA, USA, 2011.

34. Chen, L., X. Ren, Y.-Z. Yin, and Z. Wang, "Broadband CPW-fed circularly polarized antenna with an irregular slot for 2.45 GHz RFID reader," Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters, Vol. 41, 77-86, 2013.
doi:10.2528/PIERL13052020

35. Valagiannopoulos, C., "Single-series solution to the radiation of loop antenna in the presence of a conducting sphere," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 71, 277-294, 2007.
doi:10.2528/PIER07030803