Vol. 10

Front:[PDF file] Back:[PDF file]
Latest Volume
All Volumes
All Issues
2009-12-01

Comparative Analysis of Split-Ring Resonators for Tunable Negative Permeability Metamaterials Based on Anisotropic Dielectric Substrates

By Jiun-Yeu Chen, Wang-Lin Chen, Jia-Yi Yeh, Lien-Wen Chen, and Ching-Cheng Wang
Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 10, 25-38, 2009
doi:10.2528/PIERM09110507

Abstract

The magnetic resonance of various split ring resonators (SRRs) is numerically investigated to analyze the dependence of the resonance frequency on their parameter designs. The behavior of the magnetic resonance frequency in the configuration of the 2-cut single-ring SRR (2C-SRR) shows a larger shift in relation to the changes of the SRR size scaling, split width and substrate permittivity. A new magnetic particle formed by the 2C-SRR structure incorporating nematic liquid crystals (LCs) into the multilayered substrate is proposed for the realization of a tunable magnetic metamaterial. When using such inclusions, the tuning range of the magnetic resonance conditions could be as wide as ~1.1 GHz via changing the orientation of LC molecules by 90°.

Citation


Jiun-Yeu Chen, Wang-Lin Chen, Jia-Yi Yeh, Lien-Wen Chen, and Ching-Cheng Wang, "Comparative Analysis of Split-Ring Resonators for Tunable Negative Permeability Metamaterials Based on Anisotropic Dielectric Substrates," Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 10, 25-38, 2009.
doi:10.2528/PIERM09110507
http://www.jpier.org/PIERM/pier.php?paper=09110507

References


    1. Shalaev, V. M., "Optical negative-index metamaterials," Nature Photon., Vol. 1, 41-48, 2007.
    doi:10.1038/nphoton.2006.49

    2. Maslovski, S., P. Ikonen, I. Kolmakov, S. Tretyakov, and M. Kaunisto, "Artificial magnetic materials based on the new magnetic particle: Metasolenoid," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 54, 61-81, 2005.
    doi:10.2528/PIER04101101

    3. Wang, J., S. Qu, J. Zhang, H. Ma, Y. Yang, C. Gu, X. Wu, and Z. Xu, "A tunable left-handed metamaterial based on modified broadside-coupled split-ring resonators," Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letter, Vol. 6, 35-45, 2009.
    doi:10.2528/PIERL08120708

    4. Shelby, R. A., D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction," Science,, Vol. 292, 77-79, 2001.
    doi:10.1126/science.1058847

    5. Huangfu, J., L. Ran, H. Chen, X.-M. Zhang, K. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, and J. A. Kong, "Experimental confirmation of negative refractive index of a metamaterial composed of ­-like metallic patterns," Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 84, No. 9, 1537-1539, 2004.
    doi:10.1063/1.1655673

    6. Chen, H. S., L. X. Ran, J. T. Huangfu, X. M. Zhang, K. S. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, and J. A. Kong, "Magnetic properties of S-shaped split-ring resonators," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 51, 231-247, 2005.
    doi:10.2528/PIER04051201

    7. Wu, W., Z. Yu, S.-Y. Wang, R. S. Williams, Y. Liu, C. Sun, X. Zhang, E. Kim, Y. R. Shen, N. X. Fang, "Midinfrared metamaterials fabricated by nanoimprint lithography," Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 90, 063107, 2007.

    8. Pendry, J. B., "Negative refraction makes a perfect lens," Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 85, No. 18, 3966-3969, 2000.
    doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.85.3966

    9. Cai, W., U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, "Optical cloaking with metamaterials," Nature Photon., Vol. 1, 224-227, 2007.
    doi:10.1038/nphoton.2007.28

    10. Wu, B., B. Li, and C. Liang, "Design of lowpass filter using a novel split-ring resonator defected ground structure," Microwave Optical Technol. Lett., Vol. 49, No. 2, 288-291, 2007.
    doi:10.1002/mop.22111

    11. Alici, K. B. and E. Ozbay, "Electrically small split ring resonator antennas," J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 101, 093104, 2007.

    12. Lee, S.-W., Y. Kuga, and A. Ishimaru, "Quasi-static analysis of materials with small tunable stacked split ring resonators," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 51, 219-229, 2005.
    doi:10.2528/PIER04020602

    13., "Tunable metamaterial transmission lines based on varactor-loaded split-ring resonators," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., Vol. 54, No. 6, 2665-2674, 2006.
    doi:10.1109/TMTT.2006.872949

    14. Aydin, K. and E. Ozbay, "Capacitor-loaded split ring resonators as tunable metamaterial components," J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 101, 024911, 2007.
    doi:10.1063/1.2427110

    15. Boulais, K. A., D. W. Rule, S. Simmons, F. Santiago, V. Gehman, K. Long, and A. Rayms-Keller, "Tunable split-ring resonator for metamaterials using photocapacitance of semi-insulating GaAs," Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 93, 043518, 2008.
    doi:10.1063/1.2967192

    16. Kang, L., Q. Zhao, H. Zhao, and J. Zhou, "Ferrite-based magnetically tunable left-handed metamaterial composed of SRRs and wires," Opt. Express, Vol. 16, No. 22, 17269-17275, 2008.
    doi:10.1364/OE.16.017269

    17. Werner, D. H., D.-H. Kwon, I.-C. Khoo, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, "Liquid crystal clad near-infrared metamaterials with tunable negative-zero-positive refractive indices," Opt. Express, Vol. 15, No. 6, 3342-3347, 2007.
    doi:10.1364/OE.15.003342

    18. Zhao, Q., L. Kang, B. Du, B. Li, J. Zhou, H. Tang, X. Liang, and B. Zhang, "Electrically tunable negative permeability metamaterials based on nematic liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 90, 011112, 2007.
    doi:10.1063/1.2430485

    19. Zhang, F., Q. Zhao, L. Kang, D. P. Gaillot, X. Zhao, J. Zhou, and D. Lippens, "Magnetic control of negative permeability metamaterials based on liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 92, 193104, 2008.
    doi:10.1063/1.2926678

    20. Plum, E., V. A. Fedotov, and N. I. Zheludev, "Optical activity in extrinsically chiral metamaterial," Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 93, 191911, 2008.
    doi:10.1063/1.3021082

    21. Smith, D. R., S. Schultz, P. Markoš, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients," Phys. Rev. B, Vol. 65, 195104, 2002.
    doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.65.195104

    22. Zhou, J., Th. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, J. B. Pendry, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Saturation of the magnetic response of split-ring resonators at optical frequencies," Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 95, 223902, 2005.
    doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.95.223902

    23. Khoo, I. C., Liquid Crystals, 2 Ed., Wiley, Hoboken, 2007.

    24. Khoo, I. C. and S. T. Wu, Optics and Nonlinear Optics of Liquid Crystals, World Scientific, Singapore, 1993.

    25. Buchnev, O., E. Ouskova, Y. Reznikov, V. Reshetnyak, H. Kresse, and A. Grabar, "Enhanced dielectric response of liquid crystal ferroelectric suspension," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst., Vol. 422, 47-55, 2004.
    doi:10.1080/15421400490502012