Vol. 29
Latest Volume
All Volumes
PIERM 115 [2023] PIERM 114 [2022] PIERM 113 [2022] PIERM 112 [2022] PIERM 111 [2022] PIERM 110 [2022] PIERM 109 [2022] PIERM 108 [2022] PIERM 107 [2022] PIERM 106 [2021] PIERM 105 [2021] PIERM 104 [2021] PIERM 103 [2021] PIERM 102 [2021] PIERM 101 [2021] PIERM 100 [2021] PIERM 99 [2021] PIERM 98 [2020] PIERM 97 [2020] PIERM 96 [2020] PIERM 95 [2020] PIERM 94 [2020] PIERM 93 [2020] PIERM 92 [2020] PIERM 91 [2020] PIERM 90 [2020] PIERM 89 [2020] PIERM 88 [2020] PIERM 87 [2019] PIERM 86 [2019] PIERM 85 [2019] PIERM 84 [2019] PIERM 83 [2019] PIERM 82 [2019] PIERM 81 [2019] PIERM 80 [2019] PIERM 79 [2019] PIERM 78 [2019] PIERM 77 [2019] PIERM 76 [2018] PIERM 75 [2018] PIERM 74 [2018] PIERM 73 [2018] PIERM 72 [2018] PIERM 71 [2018] PIERM 70 [2018] PIERM 69 [2018] PIERM 68 [2018] PIERM 67 [2018] PIERM 66 [2018] PIERM 65 [2018] PIERM 64 [2018] PIERM 63 [2018] PIERM 62 [2017] PIERM 61 [2017] PIERM 60 [2017] PIERM 59 [2017] PIERM 58 [2017] PIERM 57 [2017] PIERM 56 [2017] PIERM 55 [2017] PIERM 54 [2017] PIERM 53 [2017] PIERM 52 [2016] PIERM 51 [2016] PIERM 50 [2016] PIERM 49 [2016] PIERM 48 [2016] PIERM 47 [2016] PIERM 46 [2016] PIERM 45 [2016] PIERM 44 [2015] PIERM 43 [2015] PIERM 42 [2015] PIERM 41 [2015] PIERM 40 [2014] PIERM 39 [2014] PIERM 38 [2014] PIERM 37 [2014] PIERM 36 [2014] PIERM 35 [2014] PIERM 34 [2014] PIERM 33 [2013] PIERM 32 [2013] PIERM 31 [2013] PIERM 30 [2013] PIERM 29 [2013] PIERM 28 [2013] PIERM 27 [2012] PIERM 26 [2012] PIERM 25 [2012] PIERM 24 [2012] PIERM 23 [2012] PIERM 22 [2012] PIERM 21 [2011] PIERM 20 [2011] PIERM 19 [2011] PIERM 18 [2011] PIERM 17 [2011] PIERM 16 [2011] PIERM 14 [2010] PIERM 13 [2010] PIERM 12 [2010] PIERM 11 [2010] PIERM 10 [2009] PIERM 9 [2009] PIERM 8 [2009] PIERM 7 [2009] PIERM 6 [2009] PIERM 5 [2008] PIERM 4 [2008] PIERM 3 [2008] PIERM 2 [2008] PIERM 1 [2008]
2013-02-22
Design of Low SAR Planar Monopole Antenna for Mobile Wireless Communication Applications
By
Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 29, 137-149, 2013
Abstract
Simple internal multiband monopole antenna with low SAR for most of wireless mobile communication applications is presented in this paper. The proposed antenna is a unequal arms monopole antenna with a meander strip in the other substrate side. The antenna has a simple structure and is sufficiently small in size to be easily fit on the housing of mobile or USB dongle with size 18 × 15 × 0.8 mm3. The antenna is designed to operate at multi-bands to occupy most of allocated wireless communication devices by using high frequency structure simulator ver. 13 (HFSS). The proposed antenna has acceptable gain and efficiency while providing broadside radiation pattern that covers the horizontal plane. The antenna design and experimental results are in agreement. Moreover, the specific absorption rate (SAR) in the human head is investigated by CST 2012 Microwave Studio Hugo Voxel Model.
Citation
Dalia Mohammed Nasha Elsheakh Esmat A. Abdallah , "Design of Low SAR Planar Monopole Antenna for Mobile Wireless Communication Applications," Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 29, 137-149, 2013.
doi:10.2528/PIERM12121504
http://www.jpier.org/PIERM/pier.php?paper=12121504
References

1., , Wireless USB Promoter Group [Online], Available at http://www.usb.org/developers/wusb、.
doi:10.1002/mop.24429

2. Park, P. and H. Choi, "Internal multiband monopole antenna for wireless-USB dongle application," Microwave and Opt. Technol. Lett., Vol. 51, No. 7, 1786-1788, Jul. 2009.
doi:10.1002/mop.21502

3. Wong, K. L. and L. C. Chou, "Internal composite monopole antenna for WLAN/WIMAX operation in a laptop computer," Microwave and Opt. Technol. Lett., Vol. 48, 868-871, 2006.
doi:10.1002/mop.24878

4. Yu, S. Y. and J. H. Choi, "A compact modified monopole type internal antenna for wireless USB dongle application," Microwave and Opt. Technol. Lett., Vol. 52, 198-201, Jan. 2010.
doi:10.1163/156939310790322037

5. Chen, W.-S., B.-Y. Lee, and C.-H. Chen, "Small printed monopole antenna for wireless USB applications," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 24, No. 1, 41-50, 2010.
doi:10.2528/PIERL10080303

6. Gong, J.-G., Y.-C. Jiao, Q. Wang, J. Li, and G. Zhao, "A militarization internal wideband antenna for wireless USB dongle application," Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters, Vol. 17, 67-74, 2010.
doi:10.1049/iet-map:20080017

7. Pazin, L., N. Telzhensky, and Y. Leviatan, "Wideband flat-plate inverted-F laptop antenna for WI-FI/WIMAX operation," IET Microw. Antennas Propag., Vol. 2, 568-573, Sep. 2008.
doi:10.1002/mop.20337

8. Su, S. W., K. L. Wong, and C. L. Tang, "Ultra-wideband square planar monopole antenna for IEEE 802.16a operation in the 211-GHz band," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett., Vol. 42, 463-466, 2004.
doi:10.1163/156939312800030794

9. Ban, Y.-L., H.-M. Yuan, J.-H. Chen, J. Li, and Y. J. Wu, "A novel ultra-wideband antenna with distributed inductance for wireless USB dongle attached to laptop computer," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 26, No. 2-3, 179-191, Jan. 2012.
doi:10.1163/156939311795762141

10. Yang, O. J., J. Zhang, K. Z. Zhang, and F. Yang, "Compact folded dual-band slot antenna for wireless communication USB dongle application," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 25, No. 8-9, 1221-1230, Jan. 2011.

11. IEEE standard for safety levels with respect to human exposure to radio frequency electromagnetic fields, 3 kHz to 300 GHz, IEEE International Committee on Electromagnetic Safety (SCC39), 2005.

12. ICNIRP, "Guidelines for limiting exposure to time-varying electric, magnetic and electromagnetic fields (up to 300 GHz)," Health Physics, Vol. 74, 494-522, 1998.
doi:10.1002/mop.23292

13. Tang, I. T., D.-B. Lin, W.-L. Chen, and J.-H. Horng, "Miniaturized hexaband meandered PIFA antenna using three meandered-shaped slits," Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, Vol. 50, 1022-1025, Apr. 2008.
doi:10.2528/PIERL10052004

14. Li, F., L.-S. Ren, G. Zhao, and Y.-C. Jiao, "Compact triple band monopole antenna with C-shaped and S-shaped meander strips or WLAN/WIMAX applications," Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters, Vol. 15, 107-116, 2010.
doi:10.2528/PIER09062702

15. Chou, , H-H., H.-T. Hsu, H.-T. Chou, K.-H. Liu, and F.-Y. Kuo, "Reduction of peak SAR in human head for handset applications resistive sheets (R-CARDS)," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 94, 281-296, 2009.
doi:10.1163/156939307779391722

16. Kuo, L.-C., Y.-C. Kan, and H.-R. Chuang, "Analysis of a 900/1800-MHz dual-band gap loop antenna on a handset with proximate head and hand model," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 21, No. 1, 107-122, 2007.