Vol. 67

Front:[PDF file] Back:[PDF file]
Latest Volume
All Volumes
All Issues

Thermal Energy Based Resonant Inductively Coupled Wireless Energization Method for Implantable Biomedical Sensor

By Biswaranjan Swain, Durga Prasanna Kar, Praveen Priyaranjan Nayak, and Satyanarayan Bhuyan
Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 67, 129-136, 2018


In order to energize the biomedical implantable electronic devices wirelessly for in vivo health monitoring of patients in remote and inaccessible areas, an alternate driving energy source is highly desirable and increasingly important. In pertinent to this, a thermal energy driven resonant inductively coupled wireless energizing scheme has been developed for powering biomedical implantable devices. The system is designed to convert the generated heat energy to a high frequency energy source so as to facilitate energy transfer through resonant inductive link to the automated biomedical sensing system allied with the receiver unit. The automated biomedical smart sensor is competent to acquire the body parameter and transmit the consequent telemetry data from the body to the data recording segment. The real-time body temperature parameter in different conditions has been experimented. To ensure its accuracy, the sensed data have been matched with the observations carried out by a calibrated device. The intended scheme can be utilized for wireless monitoring of other health parameters like physiological signals and bladder as well as blood pressure of the patients.


Biswaranjan Swain, Durga Prasanna Kar, Praveen Priyaranjan Nayak, and Satyanarayan Bhuyan, "Thermal Energy Based Resonant Inductively Coupled Wireless Energization Method for Implantable Biomedical Sensor," Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 67, 129-136, 2018.


    1. Rasouli, M. and S. Jay, "Energy sources and their developments for application in medical devices," Expert Review of Medical devices, Vol. 7, 693-709, 2010.

    2. Kiourti, A., K. A. Psathas, J. R. Costa, C. A. Fernandes, and K. S. Nikita, "Dual-band implantable antennas for medical telemetry: A fast design methodology and validation for intra-cranial pressure monitoring," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 141, 161-183, 2013.

    3. Riistama, J., J. Vaisanen, S. Heinisuo, H. Harjunpa, S. Arra, K. Kokko, M. Antyla, J. Kaihilahti, P. Heino, M. Kellomaki, O. Vainio, J. Vanhala, J. Lekkala, and J. Hyttinen, "Wireless and inductively powered implant for measuring electrocardiogram," Med. Bio. Eng. Comput., Vol. 45, 1163-1174, 2007.

    4. Vidal, N., S. Curto, J. M. Lopez-Villegas, J. Sieiro, and F. M. Ramos, "Detuning study of implantable antennas inside the human body," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 124, 265-283, 2012.

    5. Mohsin, S. A., "A simple EM model for determining the scattered magnetic resonance radiofrequency field of an implanted medical device," Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 14, 1-14, 2010.

    6. Puers, R. and G. Vandevoorde, "Recent progress on transcutaneous energy transfer for total artificial heart system," Artificial Organs, Vol. 25, 400-405, 2001.

    7. Ozeri, S. and D. Shmilovitz, "Ultrasonic transcutaneous energy transfer for powering implanted devices," Ultrasonics, Vol. 50, 556-559, 2010.

    8. Goto, K., T. Nakagawa, O. Nakamura, and S. Kawata, "An implantable power supply with an optical rechargeable lithium battery," IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng., Vol. 48, 830-833, 2001.

    9. Wang, G., W. Liu, M. Sivaprakasam, and G. A. Kendir, "Design and analysis of adaptive transcutaneous power telemetry for biomedical implant," IEEE Trans. Circuits and System, Vol. 52, 2109-2117, 2005.

    10. Vullers, M. and R. V. Schaijk, "A review of the present situation and future developments of micor-batteries for wireless autonomous sensor systems," International Journal of Energy Research, Vol. 36, 1139-1150, 2012.

    11. Li, X., H. Zhang, F. Peng, Y. Li, T. Yang, B. Wang, and D. Fang, "A wireless magnetic resonance energy transfer system for micro implantable medical sensors," Sensors, Vol. 12, No. 8, 10292-10308, 2012.

    12. Ram Rakhyani, A., S. Mirabbasi, and M. Chiao, "Design and optimization of resonance-based efficient wireless power delivery systems for biomedical implants," IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems, Vol. 5, 48-63, 2011.

    13. Swain, B., P. P. Nayak, D. P. Kar, S. Bhuyan, and L. P. Mishra, "Wireless energizing system for an automated implantable sensor," Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 87, 074708, 2016.

    14. Bhuyan, S., S. K. Panda, K. Sivananda, and R. Kumar, "A compact resonace-based wireless energy transfer system for implanted electronic devices," International Conference on Energy, Automation, and Signal (ICEAS), 1-3, 2011.

    15. Hannan, M. A., S. Mutashar, S. A. Samad, and A. Hussain, "Energy harvesting for the implantable biomedical devices: Issues and challenges," BioMedical Engineering OnLine, Vol. 13, 79, 2014.

    16. Rowe, D. M., Handbook of Thermoelectrics, CRC Press Boca Raton, New York, London, Tokyo, 1995.

    17. Wang, Z. Y., V. Leonov, P. Fiorini, and C. Van Hoof, "Realization of a wearable miniaturized thermoelectric generator for human body applications," Sens. Actuators A, Vol. 156, 95-102, 2009.

    18. Leonov, V., T. Torfs, P. Fiorini, and C. V. Hoof, "Thermoelectric converters of human warmth for self-powered wireless sensor nodes," IEEE Sens. J., Vol. 7, 650-657, 2007.