Vol. 71

Front:[PDF file] Back:[PDF file]
Latest Volume
All Volumes
All Issues

Application of an Improved GSC in TTE Communication with Antenna Array

By Ning Zhang, Yu-Zhong Jiang, and Ming-Ming Li
Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 71, 41-50, 2018


By analyzing the characteristics of the super low frequency (SLF) electromagnetic wave in through the earth (TTE) communication, an orthogonal array of magnetic antenna is proposed for receiving SLF signal, and a new robust adaptive beamformer is used to process the received signals. The proposed beamformer is a multi-input generalized sidelobe canceller (GSC) with a coefficient constrained adaptive blocking matrix and a filter based on minimum mean-square error (MMSE) criterion. It can reduce the leakage of the desired signal and enhance the capability of interference cancellation. The received signals of the main antennas and the reference antennas of the antenna array are input to the beamformer as desired signal and reference signal, respectively. Both simulated and experimental results show that the proposed beamformer can suppress the single-tone and phase modulation interference, whose frequency is close to the desired signal's frequency. The proposed beamformer has better effect and robustness on interference cancellation than the traditional GSC.


Ning Zhang, Yu-Zhong Jiang, and Ming-Ming Li, "Application of an Improved GSC in TTE Communication with Antenna Array," Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 71, 41-50, 2018.


    1. Viani, F., L. Lizzi, M. Donelli, D. Pregnolato, G. Oliveri, and A. Massa, "Exploitation of parasitic smart antennas in wireless sensor networks," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 24, No. 7, 993-1003, 2010.

    2. Chen, L., P. Li, Y.Wen, and D.Wang, "High sensitivity magnetic sensor consisting of ferromagnetic alloy, piezoelectric ceramic and high-permeability FeCuNbSiB," Journal of Alloys & Compounds, Vol. 509, No. 14, 4811-4815, 2011.

    3. Yan, L., J. Waynert, C. Sunderman, and N. Damiano, "Statistical analysis and modeling of VLF/ELF noise in coal mines for through-the-earth wireless communications," Industry Applications Society Meeting, 1-5, 2014.

    4. Tokan, F. and F. Gunes, "The multi-objective optimization of non-uniform linear phased arrays using the genetic algorithm," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 17, 135-151, 2009.

    5. Lin, W.-J., C.-S. Chang, J.-Y. Li, D.-B. Lin, L.-S. Chen, and M.-P. Houng, "Improved compact broadband bandpass filter using branch stubs co-via structure with wide stopband characteristic," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 5, 45-55, 2008.

    6. Sameni, R., "A linear Kalman notch filter for power-line interference cancellation," Csi International Symposium on Artificial Intelligence and Signal Processing, 604-610, 2012.

    7. Donelli, M. and P. Febvre, "An inexpensive reconfigurable planar array for Wi-Fi applications," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 28, 71-81, 2012.

    8. Stolbov, M. and A. Lavrentyev, "Speech enhancement with microphone array using a multi beam adaptive noise suppressor," International Conference on Speech and Computer, 636-644, 2016.

    9. Griffiths, L., J. Jim, and W. Charles, "An alternative approach to linear constrained adaptive beamforming," IEEE Trans. Antennas & Propag., Vol. 30, No. 1, 27-34, 1982.

    10. Hoshuyama, O., A. Sugiyama, and A. Hirano, "A robust adaptive beamformer for microphone arrays with a blocking matrix using constrained adaptive filters," IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, Vol. 47, No. 10, 2677-2684, 1999.

    11. Gu, Y., N. A. Goodman, S. Hong, and Y. Li, "Robust adaptive beamforming based on interference covariance matrix sparse reconstruction," Signal Processing, Vol. 96, No. 5, 375-381, 2014.

    12. Huang, L., J. Zhang, X. Xu, and Z. Ye, "Robust adaptive beamforming with a novel interference-plus-noise covariance matrix reconstruction method," IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, Vol. 63, No. 7, 1643-1650, 2015.

    13. Somasundaram, S. D., N. H. Parsons, P. Li, and R. C. D. Lamare, "Reduced-dimension robust capon beamforming using Krylov-subspace techniques," IEEE Transactions on Aerospace Electronic Systems, Vol. 51, No. 1, 270-289, 2015.

    14. Gu, Y. and A. Leshem, "Robust adaptive beamforming based on interference covariance matrix reconstruction and steering vector estimatio," IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, Vol. 60, No. 7, 3881-3885, 2012.

    15. Zhang, Z., W. Liu, W. Leng, A. Wang, and H. Shi, "Interference-plus-noise covariance matrix reconstruction via spatial power spectrum sampling for robust adaptive beamforming," IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, Vol. 23, No. 1, 121-125, 2015.

    16. Yarkan, S., S. Guzelgoz, H. Arslan, and R. R. Murphy, "Underground mine communications: A survey," IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, Vol. 11, No. 3, 125-142, 2009.

    17. Mahinthan, V., B. Kannan, and A. Nallanathan, "Performance of LSE-RLS-based interference cancellation scheme for STBC multiuser systems," Electronics Letters, Vol. 38, No. 25, 1729-1730, 2003.

    18. Wang, L., N. Kitaoka, and S. Nakagawa, "Distant-talking speech recognition based on spectral subtraction by multi-channel LMS algorithm," IEICE Trans. Inf. & Syst., Vol. 94, No. 3, 659-667, 2011.