Vol. 72
Latest Volume
All Volumes
PIERM 114 [2022] PIERM 113 [2022] PIERM 112 [2022] PIERM 111 [2022] PIERM 110 [2022] PIERM 109 [2022] PIERM 108 [2022] PIERM 107 [2022] PIERM 106 [2021] PIERM 105 [2021] PIERM 104 [2021] PIERM 103 [2021] PIERM 102 [2021] PIERM 101 [2021] PIERM 100 [2021] PIERM 99 [2021] PIERM 98 [2020] PIERM 97 [2020] PIERM 96 [2020] PIERM 95 [2020] PIERM 94 [2020] PIERM 93 [2020] PIERM 92 [2020] PIERM 91 [2020] PIERM 90 [2020] PIERM 89 [2020] PIERM 88 [2020] PIERM 87 [2019] PIERM 86 [2019] PIERM 85 [2019] PIERM 84 [2019] PIERM 83 [2019] PIERM 82 [2019] PIERM 81 [2019] PIERM 80 [2019] PIERM 79 [2019] PIERM 78 [2019] PIERM 77 [2019] PIERM 76 [2018] PIERM 75 [2018] PIERM 74 [2018] PIERM 73 [2018] PIERM 72 [2018] PIERM 71 [2018] PIERM 70 [2018] PIERM 69 [2018] PIERM 68 [2018] PIERM 67 [2018] PIERM 66 [2018] PIERM 65 [2018] PIERM 64 [2018] PIERM 63 [2018] PIERM 62 [2017] PIERM 61 [2017] PIERM 60 [2017] PIERM 59 [2017] PIERM 58 [2017] PIERM 57 [2017] PIERM 56 [2017] PIERM 55 [2017] PIERM 54 [2017] PIERM 53 [2017] PIERM 52 [2016] PIERM 51 [2016] PIERM 50 [2016] PIERM 49 [2016] PIERM 48 [2016] PIERM 47 [2016] PIERM 46 [2016] PIERM 45 [2016] PIERM 44 [2015] PIERM 43 [2015] PIERM 42 [2015] PIERM 41 [2015] PIERM 40 [2014] PIERM 39 [2014] PIERM 38 [2014] PIERM 37 [2014] PIERM 36 [2014] PIERM 35 [2014] PIERM 34 [2014] PIERM 33 [2013] PIERM 32 [2013] PIERM 31 [2013] PIERM 30 [2013] PIERM 29 [2013] PIERM 28 [2013] PIERM 27 [2012] PIERM 26 [2012] PIERM 25 [2012] PIERM 24 [2012] PIERM 23 [2012] PIERM 22 [2012] PIERM 21 [2011] PIERM 20 [2011] PIERM 19 [2011] PIERM 18 [2011] PIERM 17 [2011] PIERM 16 [2011] PIERM 14 [2010] PIERM 13 [2010] PIERM 12 [2010] PIERM 11 [2010] PIERM 10 [2009] PIERM 9 [2009] PIERM 8 [2009] PIERM 7 [2009] PIERM 6 [2009] PIERM 5 [2008] PIERM 4 [2008] PIERM 3 [2008] PIERM 2 [2008] PIERM 1 [2008]
2018-08-29
Optimal Synthesis of Thinned Arrays Utilizing Fast Fourier Transform Technique
By
Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 72, 175-186, 2018
Abstract
This piece of work replicates on the antenna array thinning exploring the benefi ts of known Fourier Analysis. In this communication Fourier transform is applied to the synthesis of periodic arrays for minimizing the Peak Side Lobe (PSL) level and thereby enhancing the directivity. Furthermore, the concept of Fill Factor(degree of thinning) i.e, reduction in the number of active elements is experimented for the above said objective. The proposed methodology is workedout on periodic linear and planar arrays. Numerical study and simulation results are composed with array thinning designs from literature. The analysis demonstrates the superiority of the illustrated Fourier technique.
Citation
Tumma Divya Vani Konidala Ratna Subhashini , "Optimal Synthesis of Thinned Arrays Utilizing Fast Fourier Transform Technique," Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 72, 175-186, 2018.
doi:10.2528/PIERM18060501
http://www.jpier.org/PIERM/pier.php?paper=18060501
References

1. Keizer, W. P., "Linear array thinning using iterative FFT techniques," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 56, No. 8, 2757-2760, 2008.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2008.927580

2. Skolnik, M., J. Sherman, and F. Ogg, "Statistically designed density-tapered arrays," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 12, No. 4, 408-417, 1964.
doi:10.1109/TAP.1964.1138239

3. Haupt, R. L., "Thinned arrays using genetic algorithms," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 42, No. 7, 993-999, 1994.
doi:10.1109/8.299602

4. Epcacan, E. and T. Ciloglu, "A hybrid nonlinear method for array thinning," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 66, No. 5, 2318-2325, 2018.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2018.2809500

5. Borah, S. S., A. Deb, and J. S. Roy, "Thinning of antenna arrays for direct broadcast satellite system," Asian Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol. 5, No. 2, ISSN: 2321-0893, 2017.

6. Jin, N. and Y. Rahmat-Samii, "Advances in particle swarm optimization for antenna designs: Real-number, binary, single-objective and multiobjective implementations," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 55, No. 3, 556-567, 2007.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2007.891552

7. Quevedo-Teruel, O. and E. Rajo-Iglesias, "Ant colony optimization in thinned array synthesis with minimum sidelobe level," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 5, No. 1, 349-352, 2006.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2006.880693

8. Caorsi, S., A. Lommi, A. Massa, and M. Pastorino, "Peak sidelobe level reduction with a hybrid approach based on gas and difference sets," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 52, No. 4, 1116-1121, 2004.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2004.825689

9. Wu, H., C. Liu, B. Li, and X. Xie, "A novel binary butter Y mating optimization algorithm with subarray strategy for thinning of large antenna array," Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 60, 101-110, 2017.
doi:10.2528/PIERM17071802

10. Oliveri, G., M. Donelli, and A. Massa, "Linear array thinning exploiting almost difference sets," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 57, No. 12, 3800-3812, 2009.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2009.2027243

11. Keizer, W. P., "Large planar array thinning using iterative FFT techniques," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 57, No. 10, 3359-3362, 2009.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2009.2029382

12. Suo, Y., S. Yin, and W. Li, "Iterative fft algorithm for thinning planar array," 2016 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation (ISAP), 414-415, IEEE, 2016.

13. Dai, D., M. Yao, H. Ma, W. Jin, and F. Zhang, "An asymmetric mapping method for the synthesis of sparse planar arrays," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 17, No. 1, 70-73, 2017.
doi:10.1109/LAWP.2017.2774498

14. Suman, K. K., P. Ashwin, A. V. Miranda, V. Gangwar, and R. Gangwar, "An optimization technique utilizing genetic algorithm for the synthesis of large thinned planar antenna array with low peak side lobe level," 2018 3rd International Conference on Microwave and Photonics (ICMAP), 1-2, IEEE, 2018.

15. O’Donnell, A. and R. McGwier, "Review of modern thinned array methods for optimizing randomly scattered elements," 2018 United States National Committee of URSI National Radio Science Meeting (USNC-URSI NRSM), 1-2, IEEE, 2018.

16. Liu, H., M. Cai, H. Zhao, and C. Wu, "Reconfigurable thinned arrays for satellite antennas application," 2017 International Applied Computational Electromagnetics Society Symposium (ACES), 1-2, IEEE, 2017.

17. Tumolo, R. M., M. D’Urso, G. Prisco, and A. Buonanno, "Fast synthesis of planar, maximally thinned arrays," Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters, Vol. 68, 47-52, 2017.

18. Wang, X.-K., Y.-C. Jiao, and Y.-Y. Tan, "Synthesis of large thinned planar arrays using a modified iterative fourier technique," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 62, No. 4, 1564-1571, 2014.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2014.2302836

19. Wang, X.-K., Y.-C. Jiao, and Y. Y. Tan, "Gradual thinning synthesis for linear array based on iterative fourier techniques," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 123, 299-320, 2012.
doi:10.2528/PIER11100903

20. Balanis, C. A., "Antenna theory: A review," Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 80, No. 1, 7-23, 1992.
doi:10.1109/5.119564

21. Kumar, B. P. and G. Branner, "Generalized analytical technique for the synthesis of unequally spaced arrays with linear, planar, cylindrical or spherical geometry," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 53, No. 2, 621-634, 2005.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2004.841324

22. Keizer, W. P., "Low-sidelobe pattern synthesis using iterative fourier techniques coded in matlab [em programmer’s notebook]," IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, Vol. 51, No. 2, 2009.
doi:10.1109/MAP.2009.5162038

23. Bucci, O. M., M. D’Urso, T. Isernia, P. Angeletti, and G. Toso, "Deterministic synthesis of uniform amplitude sparse arrays via new density taper techniques," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 58, No. 6, 1949-1958, 2010.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2010.2046831

24. Oliveri, G., L. Manica, and A. Massa, "Ads-based guidelines for thinned planar arrays," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 58, No. 6, 1935-1948, 2010.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2010.2046858

25. Liu, Y., Z. Nie, and Q. H. Liu, "Reducing the number of elements in a linear antenna array by the matrix pencil method," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 56, No. 9, 2955-2962, 2008.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2008.928801

26. Liu, Y., Q. H. Liu, and Z. Nie, "Reducing the number of elements in the synthesis of shaped-beam patterns by the forward-backward matrix pencil method," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 58, No. 2, 604-608, 2010.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2009.2037709