Vol. 74

Front:[PDF file] Back:[PDF file]
Latest Volume
All Volumes
All Issues
2018-10-11

Circular Ring Shaped Polarization Reconfigurable Antenna for Wireless Communications

By Manavalan Saravanan and Madihally Janardhana Rangachar
Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 74, 105-113, 2018
doi:10.2528/PIERM18081608

Abstract

A single fed polarization reconfigurable antenna is presented. The antenna comprises of a circular ring-shaped radiating element along with reconfigurable feed network located at its center which eliminates the need for additional space for reconfigurable feed network. A separate biasing network is placed to bias the pin diodes in the feed network for polarization reconfiguration and achieves three polarization states (linear, left-hand and right-hand circularly polarization). The antenna is designed to operate at 2.4 GHz ISM band. The antenna parameters are simulated using Ansoft high-frequency structure simulator and are validated using Agilent network analyzer (N9925A) and antenna test systems. The antenna achieves a good -10 dB impedance bandwidth of 85 MHz (2.40-2.485) GHz in linear state and 85 MHz (2.41-2.495) GHz in the circularly polarization states along with better cross-polarization isolation (≥ 15 dB) in the operating bands and hence more suitable for modern wireless communications.

Citation


Manavalan Saravanan and Madihally Janardhana Rangachar, "Circular Ring Shaped Polarization Reconfigurable Antenna for Wireless Communications," Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 74, 105-113, 2018.
doi:10.2528/PIERM18081608
http://www.jpier.org/PIERM/pier.php?paper=18081608

References


    1. Lin, W. and H. Wong, "Wideband circular polarization reconfigurable antenna," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 63, No. 12, 5938-5944, Dec. 2015.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2015.2489210

    2. Lin, W. and H. Wong, "Polarization reconfigurable aperture-fed patch antenna and array," IEEE Access, Vol. 4, 1510-1517, 2016.
    doi:10.1109/ACCESS.2016.2552488

    3. Anantha, B., L. Merugu, and P. V. D. S. Rao, "A novel single feed frequency and polarization reconfigurable microstrip patch antenna," AEU — International Journal of Electronics and Communications, Vol. 72, 8-16, Feb. 2017.
    doi:10.1016/j.aeue.2016.11.012

    4. Cao, Y. F., S. W. Cheung, and T. I. Yuk, "Dual-cap mushroom-like metasurface used in CP reconfigurable monopole antenna for performance enhancement," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 63, No. 12, 5949-5955, Dec. 2015.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2015.2489682

    5. Sun, H. and S. Sun, "A novel reconfigurable feeding network for quad-polarization-agile antenna design," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 64, No. 1, 311-316, Jan. 2016.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2015.2497350

    6. Row, J. S., W. L. Liu, and T. R. Chen, "Circular polarization and polarization reconfigurable designs for annular slot antennas," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 60, No. 12, 5998-6002, Dec. 2012.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2012.2211556

    7. Lin, W., H. Wong, and R. W. Ziolkowski, "Circularly polarized antenna with reconfigurable broadside and conical beams facilitated by a mode switchable feed network," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 66, No. 2, 996-1001, 2018.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2017.2784452

    8. Qian, Y. H. and Q. X. Chu, "A polarization-reconfigurable water-loaded microstrip antenna," IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett., Vol. 16, 2179-2182, 2017.
    doi:10.1109/LAWP.2017.2703821

    9. Khan, M., G. Hayes, S. Zhang, M. Dickey, and G. Lazzi, "A pressure responsive fluidic microstrip open stub resonator using a liquid metal alloy," IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett., Vol. 22, No. 11, 577-579, Nov. 2012.
    doi:10.1109/LMWC.2012.2223754

    10. Liang, B., B. Sanz-Izquierdo, E. A. Parker, and J. C. Batchelor, "A frequency and polarization reconfigurable circularly polarized antenna using active EBG structure for satellite navigation," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 63, No. 1, 33-40, Jan. 2015.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2014.2367537

    11. Lin, W., S. Chen, R. W. Ziolkowski, and Y. J. Guo, "Reconfigurable, wideband, low-profile, circularly polarized antenna and array enabled by an artificial magnetic conductor ground," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Vol. 66, No. 3, 1564-1569, 2018.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2018.2790437

    12. Wei, W.-B., Q.-Z. Liu, Y.-Z. Yin, and H.-J. Zhou, "Reconfigurable microstrip patch antenna with switchable polarization," Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 75, 63-68, 2007.
    doi:10.2528/PIER07053002

    13. Arriola, A., E. Arruti, and J. I. Sancho, "PIN diodes and their impact on reconfigurable compact microstrip antennas with high frequency-ratio," Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, Vol. 56, No. 11, 2676-2681, 2014.
    doi:10.1002/mop.28667