Vol. 75

Front:[PDF file] Back:[PDF file]
Latest Volume
All Volumes
All Issues
2018-10-25

A Dimensionality Reduction MUSIC Method for Joint DOA and Polarization Estimation in the PRDRF System Using SSSC-EVSA

By Pinjiao Zhao, Guobing Hu, and Liwei Wang
Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 75, 39-48, 2018
doi:10.2528/PIERM18091201

Abstract

Traditional long vector-based MUSIC methods require 4D spectral search, which suffers from heavy computational complexity. This paper develops a joint DOA and polarization estimation method named as dimensionality reduction MUSIC (DR-MUSIC) method for a passive radar direction finding (PRDRF) system using spatially separated single-component circular electromagnetic vector sensor array (SSSC-EVSA), where 4D spectral search is transformed into 2D spectral search by exploiting rank deficiency of the signal component of cost function. Polarization parameters are estimated via the generalized eigenvector of matrix pencil, which can be utilized for the recognition of radar and decoy. In addition, the estimation performance of the proposed DR-MUSIC method is also studied considering the phase inconsistency among multi-channels. Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the DR-MUSIC method.

Citation


Pinjiao Zhao, Guobing Hu, and Liwei Wang, "A Dimensionality Reduction MUSIC Method for Joint DOA and Polarization Estimation in the PRDRF System Using SSSC-EVSA," Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 75, 39-48, 2018.
doi:10.2528/PIERM18091201
http://www.jpier.org/PIERM/pier.php?paper=18091201

References


    1. Krim, H. and M. Viberg, "Two decades of array signal processing research: The parametric approach," IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, Vol. 13, No. 4, 67-94, 1996.
    doi:10.1109/79.526899

    2. Wu, X., W. P. Zhu, and J. Yan, "A high-resolution DOA estimation method with a family of nonconvex penalties," IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, Vol. 67, No. 6, 4925-4938, 2018.
    doi:10.1109/TVT.2018.2817638

    3. Dong, W., M. Diao, and L. Gao, "The direction-of-arrival and polarization estimation using coprime array: A reconstructed covariance matrix approach," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 84, 23-33, 2018.
    doi:10.2528/PIERC18032008

    4. Zhao, P., et al., "DOA estimation for a mixture of uncorrelated and coherent sources based on hierarchical sparse bayesian inference with a Gauss-Exp-Chi 2 prior," International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 2018, No. 6, 1-12, 2018.

    5. Si, W., P. Zhao, and Z. Qu, "Two-dimensional DOA and polarization estimation for a mixture of uncorrelated and coherent sources with sparsely-distributed vector sensor array," Sensors, Vol. 16, No. 6, 789, 2016.
    doi:10.3390/s16060789

    6. Schmidt, R., "Multiple emitter location and signal parameter estimation," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 34, No. 3, 276-280, 1986.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.1986.1143830

    7. Roy, R. and T. Kailath, "ESPRIT-estimation of signal parameters via rotational invariance techniques," IEEE Transactions on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, Vol. 37, No. 7, 984-995, 1989.
    doi:10.1109/29.32276

    8. Wong, K. T. and M. D. Zoltowski, "Closed-form direction finding and polarization estimation with arbitrarily spaced electromagnetic vector-sensors at unknown locations," IEEE Transactions on Antennas & Propagation, Vol. 48, No. 5, 671-681, 2000.
    doi:10.1109/8.855485

    9. Wong, K. T., L. Li, and M. D. Zoltowski, "Root-MUSIC-based direction-finding and polarization estimation using diversely polarized possibly collocated antennas," IEEE Antennas & Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 3, No. 1, 129-132, 2004.
    doi:10.1109/LAWP.2004.831083

    10. Wong, K. T. and M. D. Zoltowski, "Self-initiating MUSIC-based direction finding and polarization estimation in spatio-polarizational beamspace," IEEE Transactions on Antennas & Propagation, Vol. 48, No. 8, 1235-1245, 2000.
    doi:10.1109/8.884492

    11. Zheng, G., "A novel spatially spread electromagnetic vector sensor for high-accuracy 2-D DOA estimation," Multidimensional Systems and Signal Processing, Vol. 28, No. 1, 23-48, 2017.
    doi:10.1007/s11045-015-0327-6

    12. Li, B., W. Bai, and G. Zheng, "Successive ESPRIT algorithm for joint DOA-range-polarization estimation with polarization sensitive FDA-MIMO radar," IEEE Access, Vol. 6, 36376-36382, 2018.
    doi:10.1109/ACCESS.2018.2844948

    13. Villano, M., F. Colone, and P. Lombardo, "Antenna array for passive radar: Configuration design and adaptive approaches to disturbance cancellation," International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 2013, No. 3, 1380-1383, Oct. 27, 2013.

    14. Guo, W., et al., "Joint DOA and polarization estimation using MUSIC method in polarimetric MIMO radar," IET International Conference on Radar Systems, 1-4, 2012.

    15. Miron, S., N. Le Bihan, and J. I. Mars, "Vector-sensor MUSIC for polarized seismic sources localization," EURASIP Journal on Applied Signal Processing, 74-84, 2005.

    16. Liu, S., L. Yang, and S. Yang, "Robust joint calibration of mutual coupling and channel gain/phase inconsistency for uniform circular array," IEEE Antennas & Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 15, 1191-1195, 2016.
    doi:10.1109/LAWP.2015.2499280

    17. Yuan, X., "Estimating the DOA and the polarization of a polynomial-phase signal using a single polarized vector-sensor," IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, Vol. 60, No. 3, 1270-1282, 2012.
    doi:10.1109/TSP.2011.2177263