Vol. 97

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2020-10-16

Wideband Low-Profile SIW Cavity-Backed Bilateral Slots Antenna for X-Band Application

By Bollavathi Lokeshwar, Dorai Venkatasekhar, and Alapati Sudhakar
Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 97, 157-166, 2020
doi:10.2528/PIERM20083004

Abstract

In this article, a new approach has been demonstrated for the bandwidth enlargement of a substrate integrated waveguide (SIW) cavity-backed antenna. The proposed structure employs bilateral slots, instead of unilateral slots, which is a distinct approach, in contrast to traditional cavity antennas. The proposed antenna embodies SIW cavity with a height less than 0.017λ0 and thus holds low-profile planar geometry, while retaining lower losses and light weight. The non-resonant slot, at the bottom plate, produces two-hybrid modes (odd TE210 and even TE210). The quality factor (Q) of these hybrid modes is greatly reduced by loading the resonant slot cut at the top metallic plate of the SIW cavity which leads to achieving a wideband response. A sample is fabricated and investigated at X-band. It is shown that the experimental results are well-matched with the simulated ones. The measured impedance bandwidth of the proposed antenna is 860 MHz (8.6%). Moreover, it renders a maximum gain of 6.56 dBi at 9.78 GHz and 6.75 dBi at 10.35 GHz, within the operating bandwidth. The cross-polarization radiation levels of maximum -26 dB and -28 dB are obtained at the corresponding resonant frequencies, respectively.

Citation


Bollavathi Lokeshwar, Dorai Venkatasekhar, and Alapati Sudhakar, "Wideband Low-Profile SIW Cavity-Backed Bilateral Slots Antenna for X-Band Application," Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 97, 157-166, 2020.
doi:10.2528/PIERM20083004
http://www.jpier.org/PIERM/pier.php?paper=20083004

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