Vol. 104

Front:[PDF file] Back:[PDF file]
Latest Volume
All Volumes
All Issues
2021-08-20

The Application of Artificial Magnetic Conductors in the Broadband Radar Cross Section Reduction of the Microstrip Antenna Array

By Ping Yang, Jinbo Liu, and Zengrui Li
Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 104, 91-100, 2021
doi:10.2528/PIERM21032801

Abstract

A scheme for radar cross section (RCS) reduction of microstrip antenna array in wideband using artificial magnetic conductors (AMC), without compromising the radiation characteristics of the antenna array, is proposed. This design is based on the principle of passive cancellation. The novelty is that the reflection characteristics of the microstrip antenna array are also taken into consideration during the design process of AMCs. The aperiodic configuration is composed of three kinds of AMC lattices with selected dimensions and is applied to the design of microstrip antenna array for the purpose of RCS reduction. The simulated results show that the monostatic RCS is reduced over a wideband from 15.2 to 35 GHz (about 79% relative bandwidth), covering the operation band (20-20.75 GHz) of the antenna array. In addition, compared with the periodic configuration, it has about 4 dB lower maximum bistatic RCS.

Citation


Ping Yang, Jinbo Liu, and Zengrui Li, "The Application of Artificial Magnetic Conductors in the Broadband Radar Cross Section Reduction of the Microstrip Antenna Array," Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 104, 91-100, 2021.
doi:10.2528/PIERM21032801
http://www.jpier.org/PIERM/pier.php?paper=21032801

References


    1. Genovesi, S., F. Costa, and A. Monorchio, "Low-profile array with reduced radar cross section by using hybrid frequency selective surfaces," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 60, No. 5, 2327-2335, May 2012.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2012.2189701

    2. Jia, Y., Y. Liu, H. Wang, and S. Gong, "Low RCS microstrip antenna using polarization-dependent frequency selective surface," Electronics Letters, Vol. 50, 978-979, Jul. 2014.

    3. Joozdani, M. Z., M. K. Amirhosseini, and A. Abdolali, "Wideband radar cross-section reduction of patch array antenna with miniaturized hexagonal loop frequency selective surface," Electronics Letters, Vol. 52, No. 9, 767-768, Apr. 2016.
    doi:10.1049/el.2016.0336

    4. Paquay, M., et al., "Thin AMC structure for radar cross-section reduction," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 55, No. 12, 3630-3638, Dec. 2007.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2007.910306

    5. Galarregui, J. C. I., et al., "Broadband radar cross-section reduction using AMC technology," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 61, No. 12, 6136-6143, Dec. 2013.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2013.2282915

    6. Esmaeli, S. H. and S. H. Sedighy, "Wideband radar cross-section reduction by AMC," Electronics Letters, Vol. 52, No. 1, 70-71, Jan. 2016.
    doi:10.1049/el.2015.3515

    7. Su, J., et al., "Ultra-wideband, wide angle and polarization-insensitive specular reflection reduction by metasurface based on parameter-adjustable meta-atoms," Scientific Reports, 11 pages, Feb. 2017.

    8. Liu, Y., et al., "Radar cross section reduction of a microstrip based on polarization conversion," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 15, 80-83, 2016.
    doi:10.1109/LAWP.2015.2430363

    9. Liu, Y., et al., "Wideband RCS reduction of a slot array antenna using polarization conversion metasurfaces polarization conversion metasurfaces," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 64, No. 1, 326-331, 2016.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2015.2497352

    10. Su, J., et al., "Wideband diffuse scattering and RCS reduction of microstrip antenna array based on coding metasurface," Electronics Letters, Vol. 53, No. 16, 1088-1090, Aug. 2017.
    doi:10.1049/el.2017.1656

    11. Su, J., et al., "Uneven-layered coding metamaterial tile for ultra-wideband RCS reduction and diffuse scattering," Scientific Reports, 9 pages, May 2018.

    12. Liu, X., et al., "A coding diffuse metasurface for RCS reduction," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 16, 724-727, 2017.
    doi:10.1109/LAWP.2016.2601108

    13. Han, Z., W. Song, and X. Sheng, "In-band RCS reduction and gain enhancement for a patch antenna array by using a 1-D periodic metasurface reflector," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 67, No. 6, 4269-4274, Jun. 2019.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2019.2905989

    14. Rajabalipanah, H. and A. Abdolali, "Ultrabroadband monostatic/bistatic RCS reduction via high-entropy phase-encoded polarization conversion metasurfaces," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 18, No. 6, 1233-1237, Jun. 2019.
    doi:10.1109/LAWP.2019.2913465

    15. Yin, L., P. Yang, Y.-Y. Gan, F. Yang, S. Yang, and Z. Nie, "A low cost, low in-band RCS microstrip phased-array antenna with integrated 2-bit phase shifter," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 2020.

    16. Yang, H., et al., "Low in-band-RCS antennas based on anisotropic metasurface using a novel integration method," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 69, No. 3, 1239-1248, Mar. 2021.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2020.3016161

    17. Han, Y., S. Gong, J. Wang, Y. Li, S. Qu, and J. Zhang, "Reducing RCS of patch antennas via dispersion engineering of metamaterial absorbers," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 68, No. 3, 1419-1425, Mar. 2020.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2019.2925275

    18. Han, Y., L. Zhu, Y. Bo, W. Che, and B. Li, "Novel low-RCS circularly polarized antenna arrays via frequency-selective absorber," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 68, No. 1, 287-296, Jan. 2020.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2019.2939845

    19. CST STUDIO SUITE®, CST AG, , Germany, www.cst.com.

    20. Zhang, C., J. Gao, X. Cao, L. Xu, and J. Han, "Low scattering microstrip antenna array using coding artificial magnetic conductor ground," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 17, No. 5, 869-872, May 2018, doi: 10.1109/LAWP.2018.2820220.
    doi:10.1109/LAWP.2018.2820220

    21. Chen, Q., M. Guo, D. Sang, Z. Sun, and Y. Fu, "RCS reduction of patch array antenna using anisotropic resistive metasurface," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 18, No. 6, 1223-1227, Jun. 2019, doi: 10.1109/LAWP.2019.2913104.
    doi:10.1109/LAWP.2019.2913104

    22. Cheng, Y.-F., C. Liao, G. -F. Gao, L. Peng, and X. Ding, "Performance enhancement of a planar slot phased array by using dual-mode SIW cavity and coding metasurface," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 2021.

    23. Zarbakhsh, S., M. Akbari, F. Samadi, and A. Sebak, "Broadband and high-gain circularly-polarized antenna with low RCS," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 67, No. 1, 16-23, Jan. 2019.
    doi:10.1109/TAP.2018.2876234