Gain-Bandwidth Enhancement of Tapered Fed Ellipsoid Antenna for EWB (23.16-776.59 GHz
) Applications Using EBG
A compact extreme wide band (EWB) modified ellipsoid monopole antenna utilising electromagnetic band gap (EBG) technology is developed on a Rogers RT/Duroid 5880 substrate for high frequency millimetre (mm) wave applications including cellular, satellite, radar, and medical imaging. The proposed antenna design has an overall dimension of 40 mm x 30 mm x 0.787 mm and achieves EWB characteristics with a frequency range of 23.16 GHz to 776.59 GHz, a fractional impedance bandwidth (FBW) of 188.41%, and a bandwidth ratio (BR) of 33.53 by using a tapered feed and an EBG technique. The proposed antenna design attained a maximum peak gain of 17.91 dB and a peak radiation efficiency of 99.4%. On the basis of its high impedance wide bandwidth (IBW), FBW, BR, peak gain, and peak radiation efficiency, as well as its omnidirectional radiation properties at resonant frequencies, this compact antenna has the potential to be utilised for EWB applications. The HFSS 3-D solver is applied to characterize and analyse antenna performance.